USS Lesuth (AK-125)
Bow on view of USS Lesuth (AK-125) off San Francisco, 11 November 1943.
|Name:||William M. Gwin
|Namesake:||William M. Gwin
|Ordered:||as a type (EC2-S-C1) hull, MCE hull 1638, SS William M. Gwin|
|Builder:||California Shipbuilding Corporation, Wilmington, California|
|Laid down:||24 March 1943|
|Launched:||17 April 1943|
|Sponsored by:||Miss M. B. Follis|
|Acquired:||9 October 1943|
|Commissioned:||1 November 1943|
|Decommissioned:||16 August 1946|
|Refit:||converted for Naval service at United Engineering, Alameda, CA.|
|Struck:||17 July 1947|
|Fate:||sold for scrapping, 31 July 1964, by Union Minerals and Alloys Corp.|
|General characteristics |
|Class and type:||Crater-class cargo ship|
|Displacement:||4,023 long tons (4,088 t) (standard)
14,550 long tons (14,780 t) (full load)
|Length:||441 ft 6 in (134.57 m)|
|Beam:||56 ft 11 in (17.35 m)|
|Draft:||28 ft 4 in (8.64 m)|
|Installed power:||2,500 shp (1,900 kW)|
|Propulsion:||2 × Combustion Engineering header-type boilers, 220psi 450°
1 × Joshua Hendy triple-expansion reciprocating steam engine
1 × shaft
|Speed:||12.5 kn (14.4 mph; 23.2 km/h)|
|Armament:||1 × 5 in (130 mm)/38 caliber dual purpose gun
1 × 3 in (76 mm)/50 caliber dual purpose gun
2 × 40 mm (1.6 in) 40mm Bofors anti-aircraft gun mounts
6 × 20 mm (0.79 in) Oerlikon cannons anti-aircraft gun mounts
USS Lesuth (AK-125) was a Crater-class cargo ship commissioned by the U.S. Navy for service in World War II. She was responsible for delivering troops, goods and equipment to locations in the war zone.
Built in Wilmington, California
Lesuth (AK-125) was laid down as SS William M. Gwin 24 March 1943 by California Shipbuilding Corp., Wilmington, California, under a Maritime Commission contract; launched 17 April 1943; sponsored by Miss M. B. Follis; acquired by the Navy 9 October 1943; renamed Lesuth 11 October 1943; converted at United Engineering, Alameda, California; and commissioned 1 November 1943, Lt. Comdr. B. H. Bassett in command.
World War II Pacific Theatre operations
After loading cargo, Lesuth departed San Pedro, California, 14 November, arriving Pago Pago, Samoa, on the 30th. Four days later she arrived Funafuti, Ellice Islands and for the next 3 months engaged in training exercises in the South Pacific.
Serving South Pacific island bases
From Funafuti she steamed to the Marshall Islands, arriving Kwajalein 6 March 1944 as a unit of Service Squadron 8. Lesuth remained in the Marshall Islands until she departed Kwajalein 6 August for Guadalcanal. She loaded cargo in the Solomons and Russell Islands, then sailed from Manus 14 September en route to the Palau-Western Caroline campaign.
Supporting the Philippine invasion
The Palau Islands were of strategic importance as an advance base for the invasion of Leyte. The initial landings took place 15 September, 5 days before Lesuth arrived off Kossol Passage. For the next 2 months she remained off Peleliu unloading cargo needed for the Philippine assault. Sailing to Tulagi and Guadalcanal in late November, the cargo ship departed on the 26th for San Francisco, California.
After overhaul, Lesuth rejoined Service Squadron 8 at Eniwetok 11 February 1945. Later that month she sailed for the Philippines, arriving San Pedro Bay, Leyte, on the 28th. Following 6 weeks of cargo operations off Leyte, she steamed to the United States during May and June for additional supplies, then returned to Ulithi 25 July.
When the Japanese surrender ended World War II, Lesuth was used to carry provisions to the occupation troops in the Far East. From September 1945 to May 1946, she made cargo runs to Japan, the Philippines, Okinawa, and Saipan, finally departing Saipan 5 May. Arriving San Francisco, California, on the 24th, Lesuth remained there until 2 July when she sailed for Pearl Harbor.
Military awards and honors
- American Campaign Medal
- Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal (1)
- World War II Victory Medal
- Navy Occupation Service Medal (with Asia clasp)
- Philippines Liberation Medal
- This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here.
- Photo gallery of Lesuth at NavSource Naval History