USS Octans (AF-26)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
USS Octans (AF-26).jpg
History
United States
Laid down: date unknown
Launched: in 1917 as SS Ulua
Acquired: 8 May 1943
Commissioned: 11 June 1943
Decommissioned: 6 March 1946
Struck: 20 March 1946
Fate: unknown
General characteristics
Displacement: 11,030 t.(fl)
Length: 440 ft (130 m)
Beam: 54 ft 4 in (16.56 m)
Draught: 26 ft 2 in (7.98 m)
Propulsion: Reciprocating engines, twin screws, 6,000hp
Speed: 13.5 kts. (max)
Complement: 227
Armament: one single 5 in (130 mm) dual purpose gun mount, four 3 in (76 mm) dual purpose guns, eight 20 mm guns

USS Octans (AF-26) was a stores ship acquired by the U.S. Navy for service in World War II, named after the constellation Octans. She was responsible for delivering necessary goods and equipment to ships and stations in the war zone.

Octans (AF–26) was built as SS Ulua in 1917 by Workman Clark and Co., Ltd., Belfast, Ireland; acquired by the Navy 8 May 1943 under charter through the War Shipping Administration from her owner, the United Fruit Co.; and commissioned 11 June, Lt. Comdr. Otto J. Stein in command.

World War II Pacific Theatre operations[edit]

Following two weeks of fitting out at Oakland, California, Octans departed San Francisco Bay on 25 June 1943, bound for Noumea, New Caledonia. Arriving there 17 July, she took up her mission of transporting fresh and frozen provisions from New Zealand and Australian ports to ships and bases located in the Solomons, the Admiralties, and New Guinea.

Transporting wounded soldiers[edit]

During an availability at Sydney, Australia, in November 1944, another capability and task was added with the installation of a 30-bed sick bay. On succeeding trips to Australia from more-advanced bases, wounded soldiers and sailors were transferred from the battle areas to recovery havens.

Shooting down a Japanese plane in the Philippines[edit]

From that time also, Octans began to range farther to the north as she made supply trips to Leyte, Mindoro, and Luzon. While returning from Leyte Gulf on 1 January 1945, she was credited with downing one of a number of Japanese planes which attacked her convoy.

Post-war activity[edit]

With almost two years of supply duty behind her, Octans returned to the U.S. West Coast for a brief overhaul, arriving at Oakland 15 May. Seven weeks later, following a stop in Seattle, Washington, for provisions, she again crossed the Pacific Ocean, arriving at Manila on 13 August. After two more trips to Australia, the stores ship made deliveries to Shanghai, China, and departed 29 December for the United States.

Post-war decommissioning[edit]

Octans sailed to the U.S. East Coast and arrived in Baltimore, Maryland, on 20 February 1946. Decommissioning on 6 March, she was returned to her owner the same day and struck from the Navy List on 20 March.

Military awards and honors[edit]

Octans’ crew members were authorized the following medals:

  • China Service Medal (Extended)[1]
  • American Campaign Medal
  • Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal
  • World War II Victory Medal
  • Philippines Liberation Medal

See also[edit]

References[edit]

This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here.

  1. ^ "Navy and Marine Corps Awards Manual NAVPERS 15,790". Transcribed by HyperWar Foundation. 1953. p. 201. Retrieved 24 March 2014. 

External links[edit]