USS Richard B. Russell (SSN-687)
|Name:||USS Richard B. Russell|
|Namesake:||Richard B. Russell, Jr.|
|Awarded:||25 July 1969|
|Builder:||Newport News Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Company, Newport News, Virginia|
|Laid down:||19 October 1971|
|Launched:||12 January 1974|
|Sponsored by:||Mrs. Herman E. Talmadge|
|Commissioned:||16 August 1975|
|Decommissioned:||24 June 1994|
|Struck:||24 June 1994|
|Motto:||"They Saved The Best For Last"|
|Fate:||Scrapping via Ship and Submarine Recycling Program begun 1 October 2001, completed 3 January 2003|
|Class and type:||Sturgeon-class attack submarine|
|Length:||302 ft 3 in (92.13 m)|
|Beam:||31 ft 8 in (9.65 m)|
|Draft:||28 ft 8 in (8.74 m)|
|Installed power:||15,000 shp (11,000 kW)|
|Propulsion:||One S5W nuclear reactor, two steam turbines, one screw|
|Test depth:||1,300 ft (400 m)|
|Complement:||126 (14 officers, 112 enlisted)|
USS Richard B. Russell (SSN-687), a Sturgeon-class attack submarine, has been the only ship of the United States Navy to be named for Richard B. Russell, Jr. (1897–1971), United States Senator from Georgia (1933–1971).
Construction and commissioning
The contract for Richard B. Russell's construction was awarded on 25 July 1969 and her keel was laid down 19 October 1971 by Newport News Shipbuilding at Newport News, Virginia, authenticated by Mrs. Ina Russell Stacey, sister and official hostess for Senator Russell. Richard B. Russell was launched at Newport News on 12 January 1974, sponsored by Mrs. Herman E. Talmadge, wife of Herman E. Talmadge (1913–2002), U.S. Senator from Georgia (1957–1981), and commissioned on 16 August 1975.
|This section needs expansion with: history for 1975-1977. You can help by adding to it. (January 2010)|
In August 1977, Richard B. Russell was fitted with a large housing attached to her hull just aft of her sail, containing a tethered antenna buoy that was under development. The housing, called a "bustle" (and particularly the "Russell bustle"), gave her a unique profile and her nickname became "Dickey "B"." Later submarine classes would have their antenna buoy housings built into their hull fairings.
One point of interest about the fitting of the bustle came about as it was being installed. A crane was used to lift the bustle for the installation process. Unfortunately, the crane chosen was not of sufficient size to handle the extreme weight of the bustle, so that when it was lifted, the weight of the bustle was just too much. The bustle went into the water, and the crane was pulled onto its side. Two people were pinned under the crane until another crane, on a barge, could be brought in to lift the bustle out of the water, and right the other crane.
|This section needs expansion with: history for 1977-1980 and more detailed history for 1980-1993. You can help by adding to it. (January 2010)|
In 1980, Richard B. Russell completed a five-month deployment in the Mediterranean Sea. In 1981 she completed a deployment in the North Atlantic Ocean for which she received a Meritorious Unit Commendation.
In 1982, Richard B. Russell went through the Panama Canal and arrived at Mare Island Naval Shipyard in Vallejo, California, for an extended overhaul. During her time at Mare Island, it was decided that she would become a special projects submarine. After a short period of post-overhaul testing and sea trials, she underwent extensive ocean engineering modifications prior to commencing operations as a unit of Submarine Development Group 1. As a member of Sub Dev Group 1, she spearheaded a testing program for submarine rescue technology.
Richard B. Russell's role as a fast attack submarine as well as a development and testing platform earned her the Presidential Unit Citation, the highest award any naval unit can be given. She also earned six Navy Unit Commendations, and seven Battle Effectiveness Awards (formerly the Battle Efficiency Award), commonly known as the Battle "E", during her career.
Richard B. Russell was placed in reserve while still in commission on 1 July 1993.
Decommissioning and disposal
Richard B. Russell was both decommissioned and stricken from the Naval Vessel Register on 24 June 1994. She was stored at Bremerton, Washington, until 1 October 2001, when she entered the Nuclear-Powered Ship and Submarine Recycling Program at Puget Sound Naval Shipyard in Bremerton for scrapping. Her scrapping was completed on 3 January 2003.
- This article includes awards information from the "official website" for the USS Richard B. Russell (SSN687).
- This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here.
- This article includes information collected from the Naval Vessel Register, which, as a U.S. government publication, is in the public domain. The entry can be found here.
- NavSource Online: Submarine Photo Archive Richard B. Russell (SSN-687)
- Sontag, Sherry; Drew, Christopher; Annette Lawrence Drew (November 1998). Blind Man's Bluff: The Untold Story of American Submarine Espionage (paperback reprint ed.). New York City: HarperCollins. ISBN 0-06-103004-X. OCLC 42633517. https://books.google.com/books?id=IpUggPJL4t4C.