USS Rodolph (1863)
USS Rodolph strikes a mine.
|Laid down:||date unknown|
|Acquired:||31 December 1863|
|Commissioned:||28 May 1864|
|Out of service:||1 April 1865|
|Fate:||sank, 1 April 1865|
|Armament:||two 32-pounder guns
two 24-pounders howitzers
Unfortunately for Rodolph, just as the war was ending, she struck a mine and sank, with four of her crew killed and a number of others wounded.
- 1 Built in Cincinnati, Ohio, in 1863
- 2 Civil War service
- 3 See also
- 4 Note
- 5 References
- 6 External links
Built in Cincinnati, Ohio, in 1863
Rodolph (Gunboat No. 48), a stern-wheel steamer built in 1863 at Cincinnati, Ohio, was purchased by the Navy there on 31 December 1863 for service in the Mississippi Squadron. However, the installation of her "tinclad" armor and fitting out were slow. When she was finally ready for active service, she was transferred to Admiral David Farragut's West Gulf Blockading Squadron which was then preparing for the invasion of Mobile Bay.
Civil War service
Carrying the Confederate flag down from Fort Morgan
Commissioned at New Orleans, Louisiana, on 28 May 1864, the stern-wheeler, commanded by Act. Vol. Lt. George D. Upham, operated on the lower Mississippi River until after the historic Union naval victory in Mobile Bay on 5 August. She joined Farragut's invasion force there on the 14th and participated in operations which culminated in the surrender of Fort Morgan on the 23d. Acting Master's Mate Nathaniel B. Hinckley, serving on board the "tinclad," carried the Confederate flag from the fort.
Destroying valuable Confederate salt works
Rodolph's shallow draft enabled her to be especially useful during "mop up" operations while Union seapower projected General Edward Canby's army against the final defenses of the city of Mobile, Alabama. The high point of her service came, perhaps, on 8 September, when she entered the Bon Secours River with the side-wheeler Stockdale and demolished extensive salt works which had been producing, daily, some 2,000 bushels of badly needed salt for the Confederacy.
Destroying a sawmill and 60,000 board feet (140 m3) of lumber
On the 11th, the two ships escorted an Army transport, Planter, up the Fish River to seize a sawmill engine and some 60,000 board feet (140 m3) of lumber. That night, as the Union ships retired down the river from the wrecked mill, southern riflemen fired upon them from the riverbanks and felled trees in their path. While the gunboats fired back rapidly, Rodolph battered her way through the obstructions, enabling the expedition to reach safety.
Assuming the role of a minesweeper and getting sunk
Diverse and dangerous duties in Mobile Bay and in nearby streams kept the "tinclad" busy until almost the end of the Civil War. The most difficult task facing her and her sister ships was clearing torpedoes (mines) from the captured Confederate waters. On 1 April 1865, as she was towing a barge to assist in salvaging the sunken monitor Milwaukee, Rodolph was herself sunk when she struck a mine in the Blakely River. The explosion killed four men and wounded 11 others.
The “Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships” describes Rodolph as a side-wheel steamer; however, the Naval Historical Center describes her as a stern-wheel steamer. Since the Naval Historical Center shows a line engraving of Rodolph, published in the “Harper’s Weekly” 29 April 1865 issue, showing Rodolph as a stern wheeler, this article will describe her a stern wheeler unless proved otherwise.