Umm Salal

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Umm Salal
أم صلال
Municipality
Map of Qatar with Umm Salal highlighted
Map of Qatar with Umm Salal highlighted
Coordinates (Umm Salal Mohammed): 25°25′N 51°24′E / 25.42°N 51.40°E / 25.42; 51.40Coordinates: 25°25′N 51°24′E / 25.42°N 51.40°E / 25.42; 51.40
Country  Qatar
Capital Umm Salal Mohammed
Government
 • Mayor Rashid Ahmed Al-Kaabi
Area
 • Total 318.4 km2 (122.9 sq mi)
Population (2015)[1]
 • Total 90,835
 • Density 290/km2 (740/sq mi)
Time zone East Africa Time (UTC+03)
ISO 3166 code QA-US
Umm Salal Muhammed Fort

Umm Salal (Arabic: أم صلال‎) is a municipality in the State of Qatar.

It contains several historic places, such as Barzan Tower. The municipal headquarters Umm Salal is located inland, about 10 km from the coast and 15 km north of Doha, the Qatari capital.

Umm Salal's eastern edge is the shores of the Persian Gulf. On land, it borders the following municipalities:

Etymology[edit]

The first word of Umm Salal is Arabic for "mother", while salal refers to large rocks or stones. Hence, the area's name translates literally to "mother of rocks". It was so named for the numerous rock formations found in the area.[2]

History[edit]

Umm Salal Muhammed Fort
Members of the Umm Salal football team form a huddle prior to the start of their Qatar Stars League match in Doha

The municipality was established in 1972, at the same time as Qatar's other initial municipalities. Its headquarters was inaugurated on 29 November 1974, under the auspices of Sheikh Mohammad bin Jaber Al-Thani, former minister of Municipality and Urban Planning, alongside Abdul Aziz al-Ghanem, who was Umm Salal's municipal council representative. The first head of the municipal council was Abdullah bin Ahmed Al Thani.[3]

Infrastructure[edit]

As of 2015, there are 17 schools, 98 mosques, 2 health care facilities, and 2 community centers or malls operating within the municipality.[4]

A large-scale government-owned plant nursery is located in the village of Abu Thaylah. Plants grown in the nursery are used for research and also distributed to government ministries. The nursery spans 2,500 sq meters and was established in 2003.[5]

Visitor attractions[edit]

Barzan Towers are located in Umm Salal Mohammed. The towers were built in the late 19th century[6] and were renovated by Sheikh Mohammed bin Jassim Al Thani in the early 20th century to serve as guard posts for water sources and to observe the new moon during Ramadan.[7]

A fort belonging to Mohammed bin Jassim Al Thani, a son of the former emir of Qatar, is still preserved in Umm Salal Mohammed. The grave of another member of the royal family and a former governor, Ahmed bin Muhammed Al Thani, is also a notable attraction located in the municipality.[3]

Development[edit]

A QAR 133 million logistics area in Jeri Al-Sammar was announced by the Ministry of Economy and Trade in 2015.[8] The area allocated for the logistics center was 74,180 sq meters, and it had an estimated completion date of early 2017.[9]

Barwa Group embarked on a QAR 395 million warehouse complex project, due to be completed in 2017, with an area 259,446 sq meters in Umm Shahrayn, near Saina Al-Humaidi.[10]

Administration[edit]

As of 2017, Rashid Ahmed Al-Kaabi is the mayor of Umm Salal Municipality.[11]

Census zones[edit]

The following zones were recorded in the 2015 population census:[1]

Zone Area (km²) Population (2015)
Bu Fasseela
Izghawa
Al Kharaitiyat
Umm Salal Ali
Umm Salal Mohammed
Saina Al-Humaidi
Umm Al Amad
318.4 90,835
Municipality 318.4 90,835

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1986[12][13] 11,161 —    
1997[12][13] 18,392 +64.8%
2004[12][13] 31,547 +71.5%
2010[14] 60,509 +91.8%
2015[1] 90,835 +50.1%
c-census; e-estimate

The following table is a breakdown of registered live births by nationality and sex for Umm Salal. Places of birth are based on the home municipality of the mother at birth.[15][16]

Registered live births by nationality and sex
Year Qatari Non-Qatari Total
M F Total M F Total M F Total
2001 196 162 358 101 78 179 297 240 537
2002 216 179 395 93 73 166 309 252 561
2003 215 216 431 89 85 174 304 301 605
2004 270 222 492 98 100 198 368 322 690
2005 229 270 499 110 95 205 339 365 704
2006 275 248 523 96 126 222 371 374 745
2007 335 300 635 118 115 233 453 415 868
2008 290 279 569 150 168 318 440 447 887
2009 345 339 684 146 134 280 491 473 964

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "2015 Population census" (PDF). Ministry of Development Planning and Statistics. April 2015. Retrieved 8 August 2017. 
  2. ^ Heba Fahmy (4 April 2015). "What's in a name? The meanings of Qatar districts, explained". Doha News. Retrieved 17 December 2015. 
  3. ^ a b "Umm Slal Municipality". Ministry of Municipality and Environment. Retrieved 8 August 2017. 
  4. ^ "The Simplified Census of Population, Housing & Establishments 2015" (PDF). Ministry of Municipality and Environment. April 2015. pp. 65–66. Retrieved 8 August 2017. 
  5. ^ "تدشين أسبوع الشجرة بروضة بخيلة اليوم" (in Arabic). Al Raya. 2 March 2008. Retrieved 8 August 2017. 
  6. ^ Zahi Hawass (30 May 2013). "أم صلال محمد.. تاريخ وتراث" (in Arabic). Asharq Al Awsat. Retrieved 29 July 2015. 
  7. ^ "Barzan Towers". visitqatar.qa. Retrieved 8 August 2017. 
  8. ^ "طرح منطقة "جري السمر" اللوجستية بأم صلال للتطوير" (in Arabic). Al Raya. 8 March 2015. Retrieved 8 August 2017. 
  9. ^ "الاقتصاد تحل مشاكل نقص المستودعات للقطاع الخاص" (in Arabic). Business Pulse Qatar. January 2016. Retrieved 8 August 2017. 
  10. ^ "بروة ترسي مخازن أم شهرين بـ 395 مليون ريال" (in Arabic). Al Raya. 11 May 2015. Retrieved 8 August 2017. 
  11. ^ "تعيين 112 مديراً ورئيساً لقسم ومكتب في 8 بلديات" (in Arabic). Al Sharq. 21 April 2017. Retrieved 8 August 2017. 
  12. ^ a b c "Population from 1986–2009". Qatar Statistics Authority. Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  13. ^ a b c "Population and social statistics". Qatar Statistics Authority. 2004. Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  14. ^ "Census 2010". Qatar Statistics Authority. 2010. Archived from the original on 9 July 2010. Retrieved 2010-07-25. 
  15. ^ "Population statistics". Qatar Information Exchange. Retrieved 15 June 2015. 
  16. ^ "Qatar Statistics Authority website". Qatar Statistics Authority. Retrieved 28 June 2015.