Union of British Columbia Indian Chiefs

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Union of British Columbia Indian Chiefs
FormationNovember 22, 1969; 49 years ago (1969-11-22)
HeadquartersVancouver, BC, Canada & Kamloops, BC, Canada
Grand Chief Stewart Phillip

The Union of British Columbia Indian Chiefs (UBCIC) is a First Nations political organization founded in 1969 in response to Jean Chrétien's White Paper proposal to assimilate Status Indians and disband the Department of Indian Affairs.[1]

Since the disbanding of the Allied Tribes of British Columbia in 1927, there had been many attempts to create a unified provincial organization, but conflict between the primarily coastal/Protestant Native Brotherhood of British Columbia and the primarily interior/Catholic National American Indian Brotherhood had been too great.

At a three-day meeting in November 1969 in Kamloops, 175 provincial chiefs unanimously voted to create the UBCIC. In 1971, the UBCIC adopts its Constitution and By-laws and is incorporated under the BC Societies Act. [[2]


UBCIC operates through an Executive Committee and a Chief's Council composed of chiefs representing member indigenous communities.[1] The first three-person executive consisted of Victor Adolf, Heber Maitland, and Philip Paul.


Vice Presidents[edit]

Secretary Treasurers[edit]


In 1969, then Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau and Minister of Indian Affairs Jean Chrétien released a policy document officially entitled Statement of the Government of Canada on Indian policy. Better known as the White Paper, this policy proposed a dismantling of the Indian Act and an end to the special relationship between Indigenous Peoples and the Canadian Government.[5] Many Indigenous groups across Canada protested this policy change and expressed concern regarding the Canadian Government's failure to incorporate feedback raised during the consultation process.[5] In British Columbia, a generation of emerging Indigenous leaders began to organize in response. Rose Charlie of the Indian Homemakers' Association, Philip Paul of the Southern Vancouver Island Tribal Federation and Don Moses of the North American Indian Brotherhood invited bands from across the province to a conference in Kamloops to discuss the policy and the recognition of Aboriginal title and rights more generally.[6] The conference was a success with over 140 bands represented and it resulted in the formation of the Union of British Columbia Indian Chiefs, an organization dedicated to the resolution of land claims.[6]

Library and Archives[edit]

UBCIC provides specialized research collections and services with a focus on BC land rights research for those with a band council resolution to conduct research on behalf of a First Nation or other researchers who abide to UBCIC's Ethical Research Policy.[7] The library uses a modified version of the Brian Deer classification system, a library organizational system that better reflects Indigenous worldviews.[8]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]


  1. ^ a b Hanson, Erin. "Union of British Columbia Indian Chiefs". Indigenous Foundations.
  2. ^ http://www.ubcic.bc.ca "UBCIC"]
  3. ^ http://www.ubcic.bc.ca/about/saul.htm
  4. ^ a b c http://www.ubcic.bc.ca/about/executive.htm
  5. ^ a b Lagace, Naithan; Sinclair, Niigaanwewidam James (November 12, 2015). "The White Paper 1969". The Canadian Encyclopedia.
  6. ^ a b "The White Paper, 1969". Indigenous Foundations.
  7. ^ "UBCIC Library & Archives". Union of British Columbia Indian Chiefs.
  8. ^ Cherry, Alissa; Mukunda, Keshav (2015-07-04). "A Case Study in Indigenous Classification: Revisiting and Reviving the Brian Deer Scheme". Cataloging & Classification Quarterly. 53 (5–6): 548–567. doi:10.1080/01639374.2015.1008717. ISSN 0163-9374.