United Kingdom census, 1911

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The United Kingdom Census 1911 of 2 April 1911 was the 12th nationwide census conducted in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. The total population of the United Kingdom was approximately 45,221,000, with 36,070,000 recorded in England and Wales,[1] 4,761,000 in Scotland,[1] and 4,390,000 in Ireland.[2]

Geographical scope[edit]

The census covered England, Wales, Scotland, the Channel Islands, and ships of the Royal Navy at sea and in ports abroad.[3]

The Census of Ireland, 1911 was carried out on the same day but the records are held separately by the National Archives of Ireland.[2]


The 1911 census was the first to ask about nationality, the duration of current marriage, number of children born within that marriage, number of living children and the number of any children who had died. It was the first to record full details of British Army personnel stationed overseas instead of requiring just a simple headcount.[3]

It was also the first census where the forms were completed by the respondents and retained rather than being copied into the enumeration books.[3]

The census forms (schedules) contain an address and schedule number and are divided into sixteen columns:[3]

  • Name and Surname.
  • Relationship to Head of Family.
  • Age (Males).
  • Age (Females).
  • Marital condition.
  • Number of years married (present marriage) - Married women only.
  • Children born to present marriage.
  • Children still living.
  • Children who have died.
  • Occupation.
  • Industry or service with which worker is connected.
  • Employment status.
  • Whether working at home.
  • Birthplace.
  • Nationality - if born in a Foreign Country.
  • Infirmity.

Schedules were also prepared for:

  • Institutions (workhouses, hospitals, hotels, schools, etc.).
  • Shipping (merchant vessels).
  • Military establishments (barracks, training schools, British Army overseas, etc.).
  • Royal Naval vessels (in home ports).

Online access[edit]

The census data was published online on a subscription basis in 2009.[3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b National Statistics Online Archived 29 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 9 November 2017.
  2. ^ a b Census of Ireland 1901/1911 and Census fragments and substitutes, 1821-51. The National Archives of Ireland. Retrieved 6 July 2017.
  3. ^ a b c d e General Register Office: 1911 Census Schedules. The National Archives. Retrieved 6 July 2017.
Preceded by
UK Census
Succeeded by