United States Ambassador to Norway
|Ambassador of the United States to the Kingdom of Norway
Amerikas forente staters ambassadør til Norge
Seal of the United States Department of State
|U.S. Department of State
Embassy of the United States, Oslo
|Style||His Excellency (formal)
Mr. Ambassador (informal)
|Reports to||U.S. Secretary of State|
|Nominator||President of the United States|
|Appointer||President of the United States
with the advice and consent of the Senate
|Term length||At the pleasure of the President
No fixed term
|Inaugural holder||Charles H. Graves
as Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
|Formation||March 8, 1905|
|Website||U.S. Embassy - Oslo|
The United States Ambassador to Norway (formally the Ambassador of the United States to the Kingdom of Norway) is the official representative of the President and the Government of the United States of America to the King and Government of Norway.
Since the United States was recognized as an independent country in 1783, it first established diplomatic relations with Norway in 1818 when Jonathan Russell was accepted as the Minister Plenipotentiary to Sweden and Norway. From 1814 to 1905, Sweden and Norway were in a personal union. Although each country was fully sovereign, they had a common foreign policy and diplomatic service. The United States Ambassador to Sweden thus was the US representative to Norway as well as Sweden. In 1905 Sweden and Norway peacefully separated and Norway continued to be an independent constitutional monarchy. On November 14, 1905, the US State Department instructed Ambassador Charles H. Graves to handle affairs for Sweden and Norway separately and the Ambassador was thus commissioned to Norway equally with Sweden, though he remained in Stockholm.
On June 22, 1906, Herbert H. D. Peirce was appointed to be the first ambassador of the US appointed specifically solely for Norway. On August 6, 1906, the embassy in Stockholm ceased all functions related to Norway. Peirce presented his credentials to the foreign minister of Norway on August 13, 1906.
List of Ambassadors
|Graves, Charles H.Charles H. Graves||Minnesota||March 8, 1905||May 31, 1905||August 6, 1906||Roosevelt, TheodoreTheodore Roosevelt||Left post|
|Peirce, Herbert H. D.Herbert H. D. Peirce||Massachusetts||June 22, 1906||August 13, 1906||May 30, 1911||Left post|
|Swenson, Laurits S.Laurits S. Swenson||Minnesota||April 27, 1911||June 10, 1911||October 4, 1913||Taft, William H.William H. Taft||Left post|
|Schmedeman, Albert G.Albert G. Schmedeman||Wisconsin||July 21, 1913||October 4, 1913||July 29, 1921||Wilson, WoodrowWoodrow Wilson||Left post|
|Swenson, Laurits S.Laurits S. Swenson||Minnesota||October 8, 1921||November 28, 1921||November 9, 1930||Harding, Warren G.Warren G. Harding||Left post|
|Philip, HoffmanHoffman Philip||New York||July 22, 1930||November 15, 1930||August 3, 1935||Hoover, HerbertHerbert Hoover||Left post|
|Biddle, Jr., Anthony J. DrexelAnthony J. Drexel Biddle, Jr.||Pennsylvania||July 22, 1935||September 7, 1935||May 21, 1937||Roosevelt, Franklin D.Franklin D. Roosevelt||Left post|
|Harriman, Florence JaffrayFlorence Jaffray Harriman||New York||May 4, 1937||July 1, 1937||April 22, 1940||Left Norway because of WWII, first female ambassador to Norway|
|Biddle, Jr., Anthony J. DrexelAnthony J. Drexel Biddle, Jr.||Pennsylvania||February 11, 1941||March 20, 1941||December 1, 1943||Left London, where the government of Norway went into exile|
|Osborne, LithgowLithgow Osborne||New York||September 21, 1944||December 20, 1944||April 20, 1946||Left post|
|Bay, Charles UlrickCharles Ulrick Bay||New York||June 6, 1946||July 26, 1946||July 31, 1953||Truman, Harry S.Harry S. Truman||Left post|
|Strong, Lester CollinLester Collin Strong||District of Columbia||June 24, 1953||August 10, 1953||February 16, 1957||Eisenhower, Dwight D.Dwight D. Eisenhower||Left post|
|Willis, Frances E.Frances E. Willis||California||May 20, 1957||June 19, 1957||May 15, 1961||Left post|
|Wharton, Sr., Clifton R.Clifton R. Wharton, Sr.||California||March 2, 1961||April 18, 1961||September 4, 1964||Kennedy, John F.John F. Kennedy||Left post|
|Tibbetts, Margaret JoyMargaret Joy Tibbetts||Maine||July 31, 1964||October 6, 1964||May 23, 1969||Johnson, Lyndon B.Lyndon B. Johnson||Left post|
|Crowe, Philip K.Philip K. Crowe||Maryland||May 1, 1969||June 23, 1969||August 31, 1973||Nixon, RichardRichard Nixon||Left post|
|Byrne, Thomas R.Thomas R. Byrne||Minnesota||August 3, 1973||October 4, 1973||April 10, 1976||Left post|
|Anders, William A.William A. Anders||Virginia||April 13, 1976||May 11, 1976||June 18, 1977||Ford, Gerald R.Gerald R. Ford||Left post|
|Lerner, Louis A.Louis A. Lerner||Illinois||July 15, 1977||August 23, 1977||January 28, 1980||Carter, JimmyJimmy Carter||Left post|
|Rand, Sidney AndersSidney Anders Rand||Minnesota||December 20, 1979||March 4, 1980||February 14, 1981||Left post|
|Austad, Mark EvansMark Evans Austad||Arizona||December 11, 1981||January 5, 1982||September 15, 1984||Reagan, RonaldRonald Reagan||Left post|
|Stuart Jr., R. DouglasR. Douglas Stuart Jr.||Illinois||September 18, 1984||October 16, 1984||July 17, 1989||Left post|
|Ruppe, Loret MillerLoret Miller Ruppe||Maryland||August 7, 1989||August 29, 1989||February 28, 1993||Bush, George H. W.George H. W. Bush||Left post|
|Loftus, Thomas A.Thomas A. Loftus||Wisconsin||November 4, 1993||November 18, 1993||December 22, 1997||Clinton, BillBill Clinton||Left post|
|Hermelin, David B.David B. Hermelin||Michigan||November 10, 1997||January 8, 1998||January 7, 2000||Left post|
|Duke, Robin ChandlerRobin Chandler Duke||New York||August 3, 2000||September 12, 2000||March 1, 2001||Left post|
|Ong, John D.John D. Ong||Ohio||January 30, 2002||February 27, 2002||November 21, 2005||Bush, George W.George W. Bush||Left post|
|Whitney, Benson K.Benson K. Whitney||Minnesota||November 2, 2005||January 12, 2006||June 20, 2009||Left post|
|White, Barry B.Barry B. White||Massachusetts||September 23, 2009||November 5, 2009||September 28, 2013||Obama, BarackBarack Obama||Left post|
|Heins, Samuel D.Samuel D. Heins||Minnesota||February 16, 2016||March 10, 2016||January 12, 2017||Left post|
|Vacant||TBA||TBA||TBA||TBA||Trump, DonaldDonald Trump|
U.S. diplomatic terms
After 1915, The United States Department of State began classifying ambassadors as career Foreign Service Officers (FSOs) for those who have served in the Foreign Service for a specified amount of time.
A person who is not a career foreign service officer, but is appointed by the president (often as a reward to political friends).
The date that the ambassador took the oath of office; also known as “commissioning”. It follows confirmation of a presidential appointment by the Senate, or a Congressional-recess appointment by the president. In the case of a recess appointment, the ambassador requires subsequent confirmation by the Senate.
The date that the ambassador presented his letter of credence to the head of state or appropriate authority of the receiving nation. At this time the ambassador officially becomes the representative of his country. This would normally occur a short time after the ambassador’s arrival on station. The host nation may reject the ambassador by not receiving the ambassador’s letter, but this occurs only rarely.
Usually the date that the ambassador left the country. In some cases a letter of recall is presented, ending the ambassador’s commission, either as a means of diplomatic protest or because the diplomat is being reassigned elsewhere and replaced by another envoy.
The person in charge of the business of the embassy when there is no ambassador commissioned to the host country. See chargé d'affaires.
Latin phrase meaning "for the time being", "in the meantime". See ad interim.
- Embassy of the United States, Oslo
- Norway – United States relations
- Foreign relations of Norway
- Ambassadors of the United States
- United States Department of State: Background notes on Norway
- This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Department of State website http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/index.htm (Background Notes).