United States House of Representatives elections, 2006 – predictions
Elections for the United States House of Representatives were held on November 7, 2006, with all of the 435 seats in the House up for election. This article discusses predictions for outcome of House races as a whole. Individual races that were notable are discussed in detail (a paragraph or so, each) at United States House elections, 2006; that article also has information on the results of the election.
The predictions below were those made just before the election was held.
- 1 Summary of analyses
- 2 Market-based indicators
- 3 Details of non-partisan election analyses
- 4 Polling map - November 6, 2006
- 5 References
Summary of analyses
Below is a table summarizing various non-partisan election analyses. Although the nomenclature varies slightly, the categories can be understood as follows:
"Safe" — the race was not expected to become competitive.
"Favored" — the race was not competitive, but might become competitive if new political factors intervened.
"Leans" — the race was competitive, but one candidate had a clear advantage.
"Tossup" — neither candidate had a clear advantage.
|Source||Safe Democratic||Democratic Favored||Leans Democratic||Tossup||Leans Republican||Republican Favored||Safe Republican|
as of Nov 6
|182 Democratic Seats||16 Democratic seats
1 Republican seat
|5 Democratic seats
9 Republican seats
|23 Republican seats||20 Republican seats||22 Republican seats||157 Republican seats|
|Cook Political Report
as of Nov 6
|182 Democratic Seats||13 Democratic seats||6 Democratic seats
5 Republican seats
|1 Democratic seat
38 Republican seats
|12 Republican seats||13 Republican seats||165 Republican seats|
|Larry Sabato's Crystal Ball
as of Nov 6
(← and → show trends)
|193 Democratic seats||6 Democratic seats
3 Republican seats
|4 Democratic seats
26 Republican seats
|(none)||31 Republican seats
←10 - 3→
|10 Republican seats||162 Republican seats|
|Majority Watch (final)
as of Oct 30
|198 seats||24 seats||18 seats||2 seats||10 seats||6 seats||177 seats|
|Rothenberg Political Report
(← and → show trends)
as of Nov. 6
|197 Democratic seats||1 Democratic seat
3 Republican seats
|1 Democratic seats
6 Republican seats
|3 Democratic seats
37 Republican seats
|3 Republican seats||8 Republican seats||166 Republican seats|
as of Nov. 6
|203 Democratic seats
36 Republican seats
|1 Republican seat||195 Republican seats|
|Ed Fitzgerald's survey of polls
as of Nov. 6
|227 seats||4 seats||204 seats|
Tradesports offers a contract on the Republicans retaining control of the House. On Tuesday, November 7 at 09:31 PM GMT it was indicating a probability of 16.1% that the Republicans will retain the House.
Iowa Electronic Markets
Iowa Electronic Markets offers four contracts covering all possible outcomes of the House and Senate elections.
As of 9:15 PM GMT, Tuesday, November 7, 2006, the two contracts predicting Republican control of the House were trading at $0.140-0.219 and $0.002-$0.010 respectively. Adding these values resulted in a probability of between 14.2% and 22.9% of Republicans retaining control of the House.
Details of non-partisan election analyses
Because of the large number of individual races covered by nationwide political services, these analyses often were a week or two behind the results obtained by local polling organization, but are still very useful.
Cook Political Report
As of November 6, 2006:
- 347 seats were Solid and therefore not considered competitive.
- 13 Republican seats were considered Likely Republican and 13 Democratic seats were considered Likely Democratic, meaning that while these races were not competitive at the moment, they could become competitive.
- 12 Republican seats were considered Lean Republican and 5 Democratic seats were considered Lean Democratic, as they were politically competitive, but one party had a distinct advantage.
- 5 Republican seats (the open seats being vacated by Bob Beauprez, Sherwood Boehlert, Jim Kolbe, Bob Ney and Jim Nussle) were considered Lean Democratic. No Democratic seats were considered Lean Republican.
- 38 Republican seats, and 1 Democratic seat, were considered Toss Up
- 339 seats were Safe and therefore not considered competitive.
- 22 Republican seats were considered Republican Favored and 16 Democratic seats were considered Democrat Favored, meaning that while these races were not competitive at the moment, they could become competitive.
- 20 Republican seats were considered Leans Republican and 5 Democratic seats were considered Leans Democratic, as they were politically competitive, yet one party has a distinct advantage.
- 23 Republican seats and no Democratic seats were rated as No Clear Favorite. They were: Ariz. 1 -- Renzi, Ariz. 5 -- Hayworth, Conn. 4 -- Shays, Conn. 5 -- Johnson, Fla. 13—vacated by Harris, Fla. 22—Shaw, Ill. 6 -- vacated by Hyde, Ind. 2 -- Chocola, Ind. 9 -- Sodrel, Minn. 6 -- vacated by Kennedy, N.C. 11—Taylor, N.H. 2 -- Bass, N.M. 1 -- Wilson, N.Y. 20—Sweeney, N.Y. 24—vacated by Boehlert, Ohio 1 -- Chabot, Ohio 2 -- Schmidt, Ohio 15—Pryce, Pa. 6 -- Gerlach, Pa. 8 -- Fitzpatrick, Wash. 8 -- Reichert, Wis. 8 -- vacated by Green, Wyo. AL—Cubin
- 8 Republican seats were rated as Leans Democratic:
- Colorado's 7th congressional district (being vacated by Bob Beauprez in his run for Governor)
- Florida's 16th congressional district (formerly held by Mark Foley)
- Indiana's 8th congressional district (held by John Hostettler)
- Iowa's 1st congressional district (being vacated by Jim Nussle in his run for Governor)
- New York's 26th congressional district (held by Tom Reynolds)
- Ohio's 18th congressional district (formerly held by Bob Ney)
- Pennsylvania's 7th congressional district (held by Curt Weldon)
- Pennsylvania's 10th congressional district (held by Don Sherwood)
- Texas's 22nd congressional district (formerly held by Tom DeLay)
- 1 Republican seat, Arizona's 8th congressional district (being vacated by Jim Kolbe), was rated Democrat Favored
In early August, Sabato predicted a pro-Democratic shift of 12-15 seats in the House. In mid-October, he revised his estimate, predicting a net gain for the Democrats of 18-22 seats. On October 26, he revised his estimate to 21-26, November 2, he upped his estimate to 24-30, and on the day before the election, he raised it to 25-33 with the following breakdown:
- R Seats Likely R (10): CO-06 (Tancredo), FL-08 (Keller), FL-09 (OPEN), IN-03 (Souder), MI-07 (OPEN), MN-02 (Kline), NH-01 (Bradley), NY-03 (King), OH-12 (Tiberi), WV-02 (Capito)
- R Seats Leaning R (13): CA-04 (Doolittle), CA-50 (Bilbray), CO-05 (OPEN), IL-10 (Kirk), IA-02 (Leach), KY-02 (Lewis), NV-02 (OPEN), NJ-07 (Ferguson), NY-29 (Kuhl), NC-08 (Hayes), VA-10 (Wolf), TX-23 (Bonilla), WA-05 (McMorris)
- R Seats Toss-up, slight edge to R (17): AZ-01 (Renzi), KS-02 (Ryun), KY-03 (Northup), MN-01 (Gutknecht), MN-06 (OPEN), NE-03 (OPEN), NV-03 (Porter), NY-19 (Kelly), NY-25 (Walsh), NY-26 (Reynolds), OH-01 (Chabot), PA-04 (Hart), PA-08 (Fitzpatrick), VA-02 (Drake), WA-08 (Reichert), WI-08 (OPEN), WY-AL (Cubin)
- R Seats Toss-up, slight edge to D (18): AZ-05 (Hayworth), CA-11 (Pombo), CO-04 (Musgrave), CT-02 (Simmons), CT-04 (Shays), CT-05 (Johnson), FL-16 (OPEN), FL-22 (Shaw), ID-01 (OPEN), IL-06 (OPEN), IN-09 (Sodrel), KY-04 (Davis), NH-02 (Bass), NM-01 (Wilson), NY-20 (Sweeney), OH-02 (Schmidt), OH-15 (Pryce), TX-22 (OPEN)
- R Seats Leaning D (9): FL-13 (OPEN), IN-02 (Chocola), IA-01 (OPEN), NY-24 (OPEN), NC-11 (Taylor), OH-18 (OPEN), PA-06 (Gerlach), PA-07 (Weldon), PA-10 (Sherwood)
- R Seats Likely D (3): AZ-08 (OPEN), CO-07 (OPEN), IN-08 (Hostettler)
- D Seats Likely R (0): None
- D Seats Leaning R (0): None
- D Seats Toss Up, Slight edge to D (1): GA-12 (Barrow)
- D Seats Leaning D (3): GA-08 (Marshall), IL-08 (Bean), IA-03 (Boswell)
- D Seats Likely D (6): IN-07 (Carson), LA-03 (Melancon), OH-06 (OPEN), TX-17 (Edwards), VT-AL (OPEN), WV-01 (Mollohan)
Electoral-vote.com is a site run by Andrew Tanenbaum, a professor of computer science at Vrije Universiteit. While it mostly covered Senate races in 2006, it also made algorithmic predictions for the House-based entirely on independent polling data. (Where no independent polls exist, the 2004 election results were used).
As of November 2, Electoral-vote.com was predicting 38 Democratic pickups and no Republican pickups.
His calculations predict the House to comprise: 240 Democrats, 193 Republicans, 1 Ties. The Democratic pickups are: AZ-05 AZ-08 CA-11 CO-04 CO-07 CT-02 CT-04 CT-05 FL-13 FL-16 FL-22 IA-01 IL-06 IL-10 IN-02 IN-08 IN-09 KY-03 KY-04 NC-08 NC-11 NH-02 NM-01 NY-19 NY-20 NY-24 NY-25 NY-29 OH-01 OH-02 OH-15 OH-18 PA-06 PA-07 PA-08 PA-10 TX-22 WI-08
"Mystery Pollster" Mark Blumenthal and University of Wisconsin–Madison Professor Charles Franklin aggregated polling data for more than 60 competitive house races and offered objective analysis on the methodology and the reliability of the numbers. On October 1, 2006, it began to post the most recent polls for these 60+ districts as soon as they were released to the public.
Rothenberg Political Report
The Rothenberg Political Report is a non-partisan analysis of American politics and elections. Stuart Rothenberg is a regular columnist in Roll Call. On Nov 6 he predicted a Democratic gain of 30-36 seats, with the following breakdown:
- Pure Toss Up - 19 Republican seats: CA 11 (Pombo, R), CT 2 (Simmons, R), CT 4 (Shays, R), FL 16 (Open; Foley, R), FL 22 (Shaw, R), IL 6 (Open; Hyde, R), KS 2 (Ryun, R), MN 1 (Gutknecht, R), MN 6 (Open; Kennedy, R), NM 1 (Wilson, R), NY 26 (Reynolds, R), OH 1 (Chabot, R), OH 2 (Schmidt, R), PA 4 (Hart, R), PA 6 (Gerlach, R), PA 8 (Fitzpatrick, R), TX 22 (Open; DeLay, R), VA 2 (Drake, R), WI 8 (Open; Green, R)
- Toss Up/Tilt Republican
- 10 Republican seats: - AZ 1 (Renzi, R), CA 4 (Doolittle, R), CO 4 (Musgrave, R), ID 1 (Open; Otter, R), KY 3 (Northup, R), KY 4 (Davis, R), NV 3 (Porter, R), NY 25 (Walsh, R), NY 29 (Kuhl, R), WA 8 (Reichert, R)
- Toss Up/Tilt Democratic
- 8 Republican Seats: AZ 5 (Hayworth, R), CT 5 (Johnson, R), FL 13 (Open; Harris, R), IN 9 (Sodrel, R), NH 2 (Bass, R), NY 20 (Sweeney, R), NY 24 (Open; Boehlert, R), NC 11 (Taylor, R)
- 3 Democratic Seats: GA 8 (Marshall, D), GA 12 (Barrow, D), IL 8 (Bean, D)
- Leans Republican - 3 Republican Seats: NJ 7 (Ferguson, R), OH 12 (Tiberi, R), TX 23 (Bonilla, R)
- Leans Democratic
- 6 Republican Seats: IA 1 (Open; Nussle, R), IN 2 (Chocola, R), OH 15 (Pryce, R), OH 18 (Open; Ney, R), PA 7 (Weldon, R), PA 10 (Sherwood, R)
- 1 Democratic Seat: IA 3 (Boswell, D)
- Republican Favored - 8 Republican Seats: CA 50 (Bilbray, R), CO 5 (Open; Hefley, R), KY 2 (Lewis, R), NE 3 (Open; Osborne, R), NV 2 (Open; Gibbons, R), NY 3 (King, R), NY 19 (Kelly, R), WY AL (Cubin, R)
- Democrat Favored
- 3 Republican Seats: AZ 8 (Open; Kolbe, R), CO 7 (Open; Beauprez, R), IN 8 (Hostettler, R)
- 1 Democratic Seat: VT A-L (Open; Sanders, D)
At politicalforecasting.com , predictions for the 2006 House of Representatives elections were categorized by method (e.g., statistical models, prediction markets) and averaged within and across methods to arrive at the Pollyseat, the number of seats the Republicans are expected to lose on November 7. As of October 30, the Pollyseat value stood at 21. In other words, the Republicans were expected to lose control of the House of Representatives.
unfutz: Ed Fitzgerald's survey of polls
Ed Fitzgerald, at his blog, unfutz, compiled a summary of several dozen forecasters, with statistics and charts.
Polling map - November 6, 2006
The map below shows the latest polling information as of November 6, 2006, for House races. No party polls included. Darker colors indicate stronger support. Where no polls were available, last year's election results were used. If two polls tied for most recent, the longer poll was used.
- Complete chart of all races categorized by CQPolitics.com
- A "Deep Blue Sea" in the 2006 Midterms?, Crystal Ball, U.Va
- 2006: THE BIG PICTURE, Crystal Ball, U.Va
- Crystal Ball 2006: THE PREDICTIONS, Crystal Ball, U.Va
- Election Eve 2006: THE FINAL PREDICTIONS, Crystal Ball, U.Va
- Election 2008: Presidential, Senate and House Races Updated Daily
- Majority Watch