Universal Network Objects (UNO) is the component model used in the OpenOffice.org and LibreOffice computer software application suites. It is interface-based and designed to offer interoperability between different programming languages, object models and machine architectures, on a single machine, within a LAN or over the Internet.
Users can implement or access UNO components from any programming language for which a language binding exists. Complete UNO language bindings exist for C++ (compiler-dependent), Java, Object REXX, Python, and Tcl. Bindings allowing access, but not writing, to components exist for StarOffice Basic, OLE Automation and the .NET Common Language Infrastructure. In particular, this API is used by macros.
Universal Network Objects operate within the UNO Runtime Environment (URE).
UNO for function-calling
Examples: an external program can export an ODT file as a PDF file, or import and convert a DOCX, calling LibreOffice by the UNO interface. Another external program can access a cell and formulas from LibreOffice Calc file.
UNO for Add-Ons
Programmers can write and integrate their own UNO components to OpenOffice/LibreOffice. Those components can be added to the LibreOffice menus and toolbars; they are called "Add-Ons". The Add-Ons can extend the functionality of LibreOffice.
The integration of new components is supported by some tools and services. The three main steps are as follows:
- Register the new components within LibreOffice. This can be accomplished using the tool
- Integrate the new components as services. The ProtocolHandler and JobDispatch services assist you.
- Change the user interface (menus or toolbars). This can be done almost automatically by writing an XML text file that describes the changes.
Application example: jOpenDocument.
- Loeschky, Dieter; Shanmugam Senthil (2001). "Universal I18n Framework for Office Applications: Technical Overview" (PDF). Palo Alto: Sun Microsystems. pp. 1–26 . Retrieved 18 May 2010.
- "Docvert - Office to Open Standards". holloway.co.nz. Bronwyn Holloway-Smith. Retrieved 20 September 2014.
- "JODConverter". jodconverter.com. Retrieved 5 September 2017.
- "DAG: unoconv: Convert between any document format supported by OpenOffice". Dag Wieërs. Retrieved 20 September 2014.
- "Integrating new UNO components". Retrieved 20 September 2014.
- "jOpenDocument Homepage. Open Document library". Retrieved 20 September 2014.
- Apache OpenOffice
- UNO Development Kit project page
- Overview and technical details
- Java overview-summary
- OpenOffice.org Software Development Kit
- ODF Toolkit: Transition Steps
- Developer's Guide
- Language bridges (native for Java and Python)