|Totem||a single "good turn" that inspired W. D. Boyce to bring scouting to America.|
William Boyce was lost on a foggy street in London in 1909 when an unknown Scout came to his aid, guiding him to his destination. The boy then refused Boyce's tip, explaining that he was a Boy Scout and was merely doing his daily good turn. Soon thereafter, Boyce met with General Baden-Powell, who was Chief Scout at the time. Boyce returned to America, and, four months later, founded the Boy Scouts of America on February 8, 1910.
Facts behind the legend
The story of the Unknown Scout has been described as "true, at least in essence." Some details, however, have been added to the known facts. According to Edward Rowan, Boyce stopped in London en route to a safari in British East Africa. While an unknown Scout helped him and refused a tip, this Scout only helped him cross a street to a hotel, did not take him to the Scout headquarters, and Boyce never met Baden-Powell. Upon Boyce's request, the Scout did give him the address of the Scout headquarters where Boyce later went on his own and picked up information about the group. Boyce returned to London after his safari and visited the Scout headquarters again and gained the use of Scouting For Boys in the development of a U.S. Scouting program. While Boyce's original account does not mention there being fog that fateful day, in a 1928 account he did say there was fog. However, climatologists report no fog that day in London. In 1911 a man from Providence, Rhode Island was lost in a fog and helped by a Scout who refused a tip. This man was so impressed that he remembered Scouting in his will. West later stated he recognized the value of adding fog to the legend and by 1923 the "fog" was firmly established as part of the legend.
James E. West, the first professional Chief Scout Executive of the BSA, contended with competing factions amongst the founders of the BSA, primarily Daniel Carter Beard and Ernest Thompson Seton, who pushed their pioneer heritage and American Indian themes respectively and personally ran their organizations. In contrast, West opted to use a modified form of the British program and push the story of Boyce and the unknown Scout.
Silver Buffalo Award
In addition to the award, a statue of a buffalo was presented with a plaque, inscribed:
To the Unknown Scout Whose Faithfulness in the Performance of the Daily Good turn Brought the Scout Movement to the United States of America.
On July 4, 1926, the statue was presented to Edward, the Prince of Wales and Baden-Powell by Amory Houghton, the United States Ambassador and a member of the National Council of the BSA. The statue was initially emplaced on a tree stump and later moved to the current brick pedestal located on what is now known as the Buffalo Lawn behind the White House at Gilwell Park.
- Peterson, Robert (2001). "The Man Who Got Lost in the Fog". Scouting Magazine. Boy Scouts of America. Retrieved 2007-08-28.
- Rowan, MD, Edward L. (2005). To Do My Best: James E. West and the History of the Boy Scouts of America. Exeter, New Hampshire: Publishing Works. pp. 27–28. ISBN 1-933002-53-0.
- Rowan, Dr. Edward (2006). "James E. West and the History of the Boy Scouts of America". International Scouting Collectors Association Journal (ISCA Journal). 6 (1): 11–15.
- Rhoads, Mark (2006-09-23). "Illinois Hall of Fame: William D. Boyce". Illinois Review. Retrieved 2008-10-13.
- W. D. Boyce to James E. West, February 27, 1928, National Scouting Museum, Irving, Texas
- Walker, Johnny. "The Presentation of the Bison". "Johnny" Walker's Scouting Milestones Pages. Archived from the original on 2012-09-12. Retrieved 2007-08-28.