Urocampus carinirostris

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Hairy pipefish
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Syngnathiformes
Family: Syngnathidae
Genus: Urocampus
U. carinirostris
Binomial name
Urocampus carinirostris
Castelnau 1872[1]

Urocampus carinirostris, also known as the hairy pipefish, is a species of marine fish belonging to the family Syngnathidae.[1] They can be found inhabiting shallow seagrass beds and estuaries in Papua New Guinea and along the southern coast of Australia from Queensland to Swan River, Western Australia.[2][3] Urocampus carinirostris is an ambush predator that is most commonly found on the edges of protected seagrass beds and near mangrove.[4][5] Its diet consists of copepods and other small crustaceans.[4] Reproduction occurs through ovoviviparity in which males brood around 48 eggs in a pouch beneath their tail before giving live birth to fully formed offspring.[4][6] Adults can breed for at least six months.[4]


  1. ^ a b Austin, D.; Pollom, R. "Urocampus carinirostris". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Retrieved 18 March 2019.
  2. ^ Dawson, C.E. (1985). Indo-Pacific Pipefishes (Red Sea to the Americas). Ocean Springs, Mississippi, USA: The Gulf Coast Research Laboratory.
  3. ^ Kuiter, R.H. (2000). Seahorses, Pipefishes and Their Relatives: A Comprehensive Guide to Syngnathiformes. Chorleywood, England: TMC Publishing.
  4. ^ a b c d Howard, R.K.; Koehn, J.D. (1985). "Population dynamics and feeding ecology of pipefish (Syngnathidae) associated with eelgrass beds of Western Port, Victoria". Marine and Freshwater Research. 36 (3): 361–370. doi:10.1071/MF9850361.
  5. ^ Jelbart, J.E.; Ross, P.M.; Connolly, R.M. (2007). "Fish assemblages in seagrass beds are influenced by the proximity of mangrove forests". Marine Biology. 150 (5): 993–1002. doi:10.1007/s00227-006-0419-9.
  6. ^ Chenoweth, S.F.; Hughes, J.M.; Connolly, R.C. (2002). "Phylogeography of the pipefish, Urocampus carinirostris, suggests secondary intergradation of ancient lineages". Marine Biology. 141 (3): 541–547. doi:10.1007/s00227-002-0836-3.

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