User:Hesperian/Notes/Biogeography

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Stack[edit]

  1. Rewrite Mallee (biogeographic region) from new subregion sources
  2. Fitzgerald (biogeographic subregion)
  3. Recherche
  4. Rewrite Esperance Plains from new subregion sources
  5. Rewrite Warren (biogeographic region) from subregion source and Christiansen.
  6. Dandaragan Plateau
  7. Perth (biogeographic subregion)
  8. Swan Coastal Plain

Ecoregions, IBRA 6.1 regions, and IBRA 6.1 subregions in Western Australia[edit]

Ecoregion IBRA region IBRA subregion Status Remarks
Carnarvon xeric shrublands Carnarvon (biogeographic region) 2 Stub Beard's "Carnarvon". These two articles need to be merged.
Carnarvon xeric shrublands Carnarvon Cape Range Needed
Carnarvon xeric shrublands Carnarvon Wooramel Needed
Central Ranges Central Ranges 1 Needed Beard's "Central Ranges"
Central Ranges Central Ranges Mann-Musgrave Block Needed also NT, SA
Coolgardie woodlands 2 4 Needed
Coolgardie woodlands Coolgardie (biogeographic region) 3 Stub Beard's "South-Western Interzone"
Coolgardie woodlands Coolgardie Mardabilla Needed
Coolgardie woodlands Coolgardie Southern Cross (biogeographic subregion) Needed
Coolgardie woodlands Coolgardie Eastern Goldfield Needed
Coolgardie Woodlands Hampton (biogeographic region) Hampton (biogeographic region) Stub = coastal verge of Beard's "Nullarbor"
Esperance Mallee 2 4 Stub
Esperance Mallee Esperance Plains 2 B
Esperance Mallee Esperance Plains Fitzgerald (biogeographic subregion) Needed
Esperance Mallee Esperance Plains Recherche (biogeographic subregion) Needed
Esperance Mallee Mallee (biogeographic region) 2 B
Esperance Mallee Mallee Eastern Mallee B
Esperance Mallee Mallee Western Mallee B
Gibson Desert Gibson Desert 2 Start
Gibson Desert Gibson Desert Lateritic Plain Needed
Gibson Desert Gibson Desert Dune Field Needed
Great Sandy-Tanami Desert 3 4 Needed
Great Sandy-Tanami Desert Great Sandy Desert 2 Start = Beard's "Great Sandy Desert" + southern half of Beard's "Tanami"
Great Sandy-Tanami Desert Great Sandy Desert McLarty Needed
Great Sandy-Tanami Desert Great Sandy Desert Mackay (biogeographic subregion) Needed
Great Sandy-Tanami Desert Little Sandy Desert 2 Stub = Beard's "Little Sandy Desert"
Great Sandy-Tanami Desert Little Sandy Desert Rudall Needed
Great Sandy-Tanami Desert Little Sandy Desert Trainor Needed
Great Sandy-Tanami Desert Tanami Desert 1 Start = northern half of Beard's "Tanami". Actual IBRA name is "Tanami".
Great Sandy-Tanami Desert Tanami Desert Tanami P1 Needed
Great Victoria Desert Great Victoria Desert 4 Start = Beard's "Great Victoria Desert"
Great Victoria Desert Great Victoria Desert Shield (biogeographic subregion) Needed
Great Victoria Desert Great Victoria Desert Central (biogeographic subregion) Needed
Great Victoria Desert Great Victoria Desert Eastern, Maralinga Needed
Great Victoria Desert Great Victoria Desert Kintore (biogeographic subregion) Needed
Jarrah-Karri forest and shrublands (redirect) Warren (biogeographic region) Warren B
Kimberley tropical savanna 4 8 Needed
Kimberley tropical savanna Central Kimberley 3 Stub Beard's "Central Kimberley"
Kimberley tropical savanna Central Kimberley Pentecost (biogeographic subregion) Needed
Kimberley tropical savanna Central Kimberley Hart (biogeographic subregion) Needed
Kimberley tropical savanna Central Kimberley Mount Eliza (biogeographic subregion) Needed
Kimberley tropical savanna Dampierland 2 Needed Beard's "Dampierland"
Kimberley tropical savanna Dampierland Fitzroy Trough Needed
Kimberley tropical savanna Dampierland Pindanland Needed
Kimberley tropical savanna Northern Kimberley 2 Stub = western 2/3 of Beard's "Northern Kimberley". Lots of confusion over whether this is named "Northern Kimberley" or "North Kimberley".
Kimberley tropical savanna Northern Kimberley Mitchell (biogeographic subregion) Needed
Kimberley tropical savanna Northern Kimberley Berkeley (biogeographic subregion) Needed
Kimberley tropical savanna Victoria Bonaparte 1 Stub = eastern 1/3 of Beard's "North Kimberley"
Kimberley tropical savanna Victoria Bonaparte Victoria Bonaparte P1 Needed
Nullarbor Plains xeric shrublands Nullarbor Plain 2 Start = Beard's "Nullarbor" with coastal verge excluded. Actual IBRA name is "Nullarbor". There's some evidence that the plain and the biogeographic region are significantly different, so might need to treat separately.
Nullarbor Plains xeric shrublands Nullarbor Plain Northern band, Carlisle Needed
Nullarbor Plains xeric shrublands Nullarbor Plain Central bank, Nullarbor Plain Needed
Pilbara shrublands Pilbara 4 Stub = Beard's "Pilbara". It was a mistake to try to cover both the RDCA1993 region and the IBRA region in the same article. Need to split later.
Pilbara shrublands Pilbara Chichester (biogeographic subregion) Needed
Pilbara shrublands Pilbara Fortescue (biogeographic subregion) Needed
Pilbara shrublands Pilbara Hamersley (biogeographic subregion) Needed
Pilbara shrublands Pilbara Roebourne (biogeographic subregion) Needed
Southwest Australia savanna 3 4 Needed
Southwest Australia savanna Avon Wheatbelt 2 Stub Beard's "Wheatbelt Region"
Southwest Australia savanna Avon Wheatbelt Avon Wheatbelt P1 Needed
Southwest Australia savanna Avon Wheatbelt Avon Wheatbelt P2 Needed
Southwest Australia savanna Geraldton Sandplains 2 Stub = Beard's "Northern Sandplains"
Southwest Australia savanna Geraldton Sandplains Geraldton Hills Needed
Southwest Australia savanna Geraldton Sandplains Leseur Sandplains Needed
Southwest Australia savanna Yalgoo (biogeographic region) 2 Stub new region not referrable to Beard. Takes the southern bit of Beard's "Carnarvon" and a slice from the south-west side of Beard's "Murchison"
Southwest Australia savanna Yalgoo Edel (biogeographic subregion) Needed
Southwest Australia savanna Yalgoo Yallering Needed
Southwest Australia woodlands Jarrah Forest 2 Stub = Beard's "Dale" and "Menzies" subregions of "South-west Forest Region"
Southwest Australia woodlands Jarrah Forest Northern Jarrah Forest Needed
Southwest Australia woodlands Jarrah Forest Southern Jarrah Forest Needed
Swan Coastal Plain Scrub and Woodlands Swan Coastal Plain 2 Start = Beard's "Drummond" subregion of "South-west Forest Region"
Swan Coastal Plain Scrub and Woodlands Swan Coastal Plain Dandaragan Plateau Needed
Swan Coastal Plain Scrub and Woodlands Swan Coastal Plain Perth (biogeographic subregion) Needed
Victoria Plains tropical savanna Ord Victoria Plain 2 Stub = Beard's "East Kimberley". Some confusion over name. Some hyphenate Ord Victoria, some pluralise Plain.
Victoria Plains tropical savanna Ord Victoria Plain Ord Victoria Plain P1 Needed
Victoria Plains tropical savanna Ord Victoria Plain South Kimberley Interzone Needed
Western Australian Mulga shrublands 2 5 Needed
Western Australian Mulga shrublands Gascoyne (biogeographic region) 3 Stub = Beard's "Gascoyne"
Western Australian Mulga shrublands Gascoyne Ashburton (biogeographic subregion) Needed
Western Australian Mulga shrublands Gascoyne Carnegie (biogeographic subregion) Needed
Western Australian Mulga shrublands Gascoyne Augustus (biogeographic subregion) Needed
Western Australian Mulga shrublands Murchison (biogeographic region) 2 Stub = Beard's "Murchison". Should have merged with Murchison (Western Australia)?
Western Australian Mulga shrublands Murchison Eastern Murchison Needed
Western Australian Mulga shrublands Murchison Western Murchison Needed

High Rainfall Zone, Transitional Rainfall Zone, Low Rainfall Zone.

Southwest Botanical Province, Eremaean Botanical Province, Northern Botanical Province.

Flora by region[edit]

This is a list of flora (of WA only for now) by IBRA region. I will use this list to help me decide what region article to write next, and to decide when it is appropriate to roll out flora by region categories.

Region Category Total taxa (WA only) Articles Stats
Avon Wheatbelt Category:Flora of the Avon Wheatbelt region 4973 Banksia ashbyi, Banksia attenuata, Banksia baueri, Banksia coccinea, Banksia grossa, Banksia incana, Banksia leptophylla, Banksia meisneri, Banksia nutans, Banksia prionotes, Banksia sphaerocarpa, Banksia violacea,
Carnarvon (biogeographic region) Category:Flora of the Carnarvon region 1557 Banksia ashbyi, Banksia prionotes, Portulaca oleracea,
Central Kimberley Category:Flora of the Central Kimberley region 1405 Portulaca oleracea,
Central Ranges Category:Flora of the Central Ranges 727
Coolgardie (biogeographic region) Category:Flora of the Coolgardie region 2728 Banksia audax, Banksia hookeriana, Banksia nutans, Banksia sphaerocarpa, Portulaca oleracea,
Dampierland Category:Flora of the Dampierland regions 1515 Portulaca oleracea,
Esperance Plains Category:Flora of the Esperance Plains 3800 Banksia attenuata, Banksia baueri, Banksia coccinea, Banksia meisneri, Banksia nutans, Banksia pulchella, Banksia sphaerocarpa, Banksia violacea, Portulaca oleracea,
Gascoyne (biogeographic region) Category:Flora of the Gascoyne region 1398 Portulaca oleracea,
Geraldton Sandplains Category:Flora of the Geraldton Sandplains 3661 Banksia ashbyi, Banksia attenuata, Banksia burdettii, Banksia grossa, Banksia hookeriana, Banksia incana, Banksia lanata, Banksia laricina, Banksia leptophylla, Banksia micrantha, Banksia prionotes, Banksia scabrella, Banksia sphaerocarpa, Banksia telmatiaea, Banksia victoriae, Portulaca oleracea,
Gibson Desert (biogeographic region) Category:Flora of the Gibson Desert 669 Portulaca oleracea,
Great Sandy Desert (biogeographic region) Category:Flora of the Great Sandy Desert 855
Great Victoria Desert (biogeographic region) Category:Flora of the Great Victoria Desert 911
Hampton (biogeographic region) Category:Flora of the Hampton region 335
Jarrah Forest Category:Flora of the Jarrah Forest region 4534 Banksia attenuata, Banksia coccinea, Banksia laricina, Banksia leptophylla, Banksia meisneri, Banksia nutans, Banksia prionotes, Banksia sphaerocarpa, Banksia telmatiaea, Portulaca oleracea,
Little Sandy Desert (biogeographic region) Category:Flora of the Little Sandy Desert 960
Mallee (biogeographic region) Category:Flora of the Mallee region 3682 Banksia attenuata, Banksia audax, Banksia baueri, Banksia meisneri, Banksia nutans, Banksia prionotes, Banksia pulchella, Banksia sphaerocarpa, Banksia violacea, Portulaca oleracea,
Murchison (biogeographic region) Category:Flora of the Murchison region 2222 Portulaca oleracea,
Northern Kimberley Category:Flora of the Northern Kimberley region 1957 Cordia subcordata,
Nullarbor (biogeographic region) Category:Flora of the Nullarbor region 497
Ord Victoria Plain Category:Flora of the Ord Victoria Plain 1109 Portulaca oleracea,
Pilbara (biogeographic region) Category:Flora of the Pilbara region 1742 Cordia subcordata, Portulaca oleracea,
Swan Coastal Plain (biogeographic region) Category:Flora of the Swan Coastal Plain 3741 Banksia attenuata, Banksia burdettii, Banksia laricina, Banksia leptophylla, Banksia meisneri, Banksia micrantha, Banksia prionotes, Banksia sphaerocarpa, Banksia telmatiaea, Portulaca oleracea,
Tanami (biogeographic region) Category:Flora of the Tanami region 377 Portulaca oleracea,
Victoria Bonaparte Category:Flora of the Victoria Bonaparte region 1374 Portulaca oleracea,
Warren (biogeographic region) Category:Flora of the Warren region 2284 Banksia attenuata, Banksia coccinea, Banksia meisneri, Banksia sphaerocarpa,
Yalgoo (biogeographic region) Category:Flora of the Yalgoo region 1379 Banksia ashbyi, Portulaca oleracea,

Listed: Banksia ashbyi, Banksia attenuata, Banksia audax, Banksia baueri, Banksia burdettii, Banksia coccinea, Banksia grossa, Banksia hookeriana, Banksia incana, Banksia lanata, Banksia leptophylla, Banksia meisneri, Banksia micrantha, Banksia nutans, Banksia prionotes, Banksia pulchella, Banksia scabrella, Banksia sphaerocarpa, Banksia telmatiaea, Banksia victoriae, Banksia violacea, Cordia subcordata, Portulaca oleracea,

Up to Banksia benthamiana

History[edit]

    • Mueller identifies south west
    • Diels breaks WA into
      • South West Province
        • Irwin District, Avon District, Darling District, Warren District, Avon District, Stirling District, Eyre District
      • Eremaean Province
        • Coolgardie District, Austin District
    • Gardner accepts Diels' and adds
      • Northern Province
        • Kimberley District, Pilbara District
    • Gardner later redivides Diels' Eremaean Province into
        • Ashburton District, Austin District, Coolgardie District, Eucla District, Carnegie District
    • and divides the Norther Province into
        • Fortescue District, Dampier District, Fitzroy District, Ord District, Hann District
    • E. de C. Clarke publishes a regionalisation based on geology and climate, believing (correctly) that the result will partition plant communities too
      • Fifteen regions: Jarrah, Stirling, Nullarbor, Wheat Belt, Perth, Greenough, Kalgoorlie, Murchison, Carnarvon, North-West, Carnegia, Warburton, Canning, Fitzroy, Antrim and North Kimberley
    • Speck proposes insertion of Le Sueur District between Irwin and Darling
    • Burbidge divides all of Australia into three "Principal Floristic Zones" - Tropical, Temperate and Eremaean - and three "Interzone Areas".
    • Main, Lee and Littlejohn publish a zoogeographical regionalisation that identified three regions - Torresian, Eyrean and Bassian - that are pretty much the same as Burbidge's zones, except that the extention of Bassian to the South West was controversial.
    • G. E. Nicholls suggests that the south west should be recognised as a biogeographic regions, and proposes the name "Hesperonotian"!
    • Pianka publishes a map of subregions of the Australian desert.
      • Doing proposes a phytogeographic regionalisation in which the Austrlaian Plant Kingdom is divided into the Central Australian Subkingdom and the Eucalyptus Subkingdom. Each subkingdom is divided in regions and these into provinces.
    • The Vegetation Survey of Western Australia starts. The resulting maps show phytogeographical regions clear as day. Beard realises that one can define regions based on plant communities, rather than starting at geography and climate.
      • Three provinces, one interzone, 21 regions, 4 subregions.
    • IBRA: "The baseline data set for WA was Beard (1980) modified in consultation with N L McKenzie, G J Keighery, K F Kenneally and G Wardell Johnston (WA CALM) and R E Johnstone and L A Smith (WAM), after discussions with J S Beard. Cross-border adjustments were then made in consultation with M Fleming and D Howe (CCNT) and P Copley (SA DENR). Attributes considered were climate, geology, vegetation formations and floristics, and vertebrates. The current regions represent an interpretation of all previous regionalisations tempered by field based knowledge."
    • From "The Western Australian Flora A Descriptive Catalogue":
"There are six areas where regional boundaries have changed significantly between the Beard and IBRA classifications.
  • Victoria Bonaparte (IBRA) incorporates the eastern quarter of Gardner (Beard)
  • Tanami (IBRA) is now equivalent to the northern half of Mueller (Beard) and Canning (Beard) as Great Sandy Desert (IBRA) now continues into the Northern Territory
  • Yalgoo (IBRA) separates off the south-west corner of Austin (Beard)
  • Jarrah Forest (IBRA) now equivalent to the combined Dale and Menzies sub-districts of Darling (Beard)
  • Coolgardie (Beard, IBRA) no longer reaches the coast west of the town of Eyre as Mallee (IBRA) extends further east
  • Eucla (Beard) no longer reaches the coast east of the town of Eyre due to the introduction of Hampton (IBRA)."
    • IBRA - needs to be split into separate article from the WWF ecoregions
    • Where do WWF ecoregions come in?
    • Most herbaria and such use IBRA now, but IBRA only has regions and subregions. It doesn't have aggregate names, so some herbaria have defined aggregates that roughly approximate Beard's provinces.
      • What I'm trying to say is, Beard's "South West Province" isn't listed in IBRA, but it is still in use. It is now defined as the aggregate of the IBRA regions "Geraldton Sandplains", "Swan Coastal Plain", "Jarrah Forest", "Warren", "Avon Wheatbelt", "Mallee", "Esperance Plains".