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Saluda, North Carolina
City
Location of Saluda, North Carolina
Location of Saluda, North Carolina
Coordinates: 35°14′16″N 82°20′49″W / 35.23778°N 82.34694°W / 35.23778; -82.34694Coordinates: 35°14′16″N 82°20′49″W / 35.23778°N 82.34694°W / 35.23778; -82.34694
Country United States
State North Carolina
Counties Polk, Henderson
Area
 • Total 1.6 sq mi (4.0 km2)
 • Land 1.6 sq mi (4.0 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 2,103 ft (641 m)
Population (2000)
 • Total 575
 • Density 369.1/sq mi (142.5/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 28773
Area code(s) 828
FIPS code 37-58920[1]
GNIS feature ID 0994200[2]

The City of Saluda is located in Henderson and Polk counties in the U.S. state of North Carolina. The population was 713 at the 2010 census.[3] Saluda is famous for sitting at the top of the Norfolk Southern Railway's Saluda Grade, the steepest main line standard gauge railroad line in the United States. The main street of Saluda is a bustling hub of newly formed restaurants and art galleries. Tourists and cyclists are common on summer and fall weekends due to the many winding mountain roads located around Saluda. The main town festivals are Coon Dog Day, The Saluda Arts Festival, and The Home Town Christmas Celebration. Saluda has a location along the South Carolina state line with proximity to Greenville-Spartanburg, SC and Asheville, NC.

Geography[edit]

Saluda is located at 35°14′16″N 82°20′49″W / 35.237856°N 82.346870°W / 35.237856; -82.346870 (35.237856, -82.346870),[4] primarily within Polk County. Elevation on Main Street: 2097 ft.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.6 square miles (4.0 km2), all land.

Saluda has a small pristine lake, Lake Summit, which is just large enough for motor boats.

Geology and seismology[edit]

Earthquake activity:[5]

Saluda-area historical earthquake activity is significantly above North Carolina state average. It is 85% smaller than the overall U.S. average.

  1. On 8/2/1974 at 08:52:09, a magnitude 4.9 (4.3 MB, 4.9 LG, Class: Light, Intensity: IV - V) earthquake occurred 94.8 miles away from the city center
  2. On 11/30/1973 at 07:48:41, a magnitude 4.7 (4.7 MB, 4.6 ML) earthquake occurred 98.9 miles away from Saluda center
  3. On 8/25/2005 at 03:09:42, a magnitude 3.6 (3.6 MW, Depth: 5.0 mi, Class: Light, Intensity: II - III) earthquake occurred 51.2 miles away from the city center
  4. On 12/7/2007 at 11:07:03, a magnitude 3.1 (3.1 LG, Depth: 3.1 mi) earthquake occurred 10.5 miles away from the city center
  5. On 8/4/2007 at 10:04:46, a magnitude 3.0 (3.0 LG, Depth: 5.8 mi) earthquake occurred 22.7 miles away from Saluda center
  6. On 6/16/2006 at 00:57:27, a magnitude 3.1 (3.1 LG, Depth: 2.9 mi) earthquake occurred 53.3 miles away from the city center

Magnitude types: regional Lg-wave magnitude (LG), body-wave magnitude (MB), local magnitude (ML), moment magnitude (MW)

Demographics[edit]

As of the 2010 Census, there were 713 people and 493 households with 310 currently occupied, 141 seasonal/recreational/occasional use houses, and 28 for sale/rent. The population density as of the 2000 census[1], was 369.1 people per square mile (142.3/km2). The racial makeup was 95.65% White, 2.66% African American, 0.28% Asian, 0.28% American Indian and Alaska Native, and 0.98% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.96% of the population.

There were 265 households out of which 20.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.5% were married couples living together, 7.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.5% were non-families. 31.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.17 and the average family size was 2.70.

The City of Saluda was 43.76% male and 56.24% female. The population was 14.59% under the age of 18. The population over 18 was spread into five categories: 2.52% from age 18 to 24, 4.91% from 25 to 34, 17.11% from 35 to 49, 25.10% from 50 to 60, and 34.90% from age 65 and older.[6]

The median income for a household in the city was $39,063, and the median income for a family was $47,188. Males had a median income of $37,917 versus $25,000 for females. The per capita income for the city was $25,149. About 3.8% of families and 4.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.4% of those under age 18 and 6.1% of those age 65 or over.

Polk County[edit]

Climate[edit]

Law and government[edit]

Administration[edit]

History[edit]

Attractions[edit]

Festivals[edit]

Saluda Arts Festival[7]

Fine artists from all over western North Carolina and South Carolina exhibit and sell oil, water colors, acrylic paintings and drawings, wood working, photography, pottery, jewelry, sculptures, stained glass, metal working, and more. The festival also offers live demonstrations of landscape painting, weaving, pottery, and blacksmithing.

Coon Dog Day Festival[8]

Coon Dog Day is one of the oldest festivals in Saluda, it is a homecoming and celebration which includes food, live music,a parade, crafts, street dance, and more. The festival also includes a 5k race and a benefit breakfast at the Saluda Masonic Lodge.

Saluda Home Town Christmas[9]

Main Street is decked out in Christmas lights and holiday decorations. This long-standing tradition has become a way for Saluda residents to come together and celebrate the holiday season. Businesses and shops are open and serve holiday refreshments while local musicians perform. The open house and musical events are closed with an ecumenical service delivered by Saluda ministers at the Saluda Presbyterian Church.

Shopping and restaurants[edit]

Landmarks[edit]

Downtown renewal[edit]

Education[edit]

Colleges/universities with over 2000 students nearest to Saluda:[10]

  • Furman University (about 23 miles; Greenville, SC; Full-time enrollment: 2,673)
  • Asheville-Buncombe Technical Community College (about 26 miles; Asheville, NC; FT enrollment: 2,312)
  • Bob Jones University (about 27 miles; Greenville, SC; FT enrollment: 3,701)
  • University of South Carolina-Upstate (about 28 miles; Spartanburg, SC; FT enrollment: 4,162)
  • Spartanburg Community College (about 28 miles; Spartanburg, SC; FT enrollment: 3,076)
  • Greenville Technical College (about 29 miles; Greenville, SC; FT enrollment: 6,910)
  • University of North Carolina at Asheville (about 29 miles; Asheville, NC; FT enrollment: 3,135)

Public elementary/middle school in Saluda:

  • Saluda Elementary (Location: 214 E Main Street; Grades: PK - 5)

Economy[edit]

Hospitals[edit]

Hospitals/medical centers near Saluda:

  • ST LUKES HOSPITAL (Critical Access Hospitals, Voluntary non-profit - Private, provides emergency services, about 10 miles away; COLUMBUS, NC)
  • MARGARET R PARDEE MEMORIAL HOSPITAL (Acute Care Hospitals, Government - Local, provides emergency services, about 13 miles away; HENDERSONVILLE, NC)
  • PARK RIDGE HOSPITAL (Acute Care Hospitals, Voluntary non-profit - Other, provides emergency services, about 17 miles away; FLETCHER, NC)



Transportation[edit]

Interstate[edit]

The arts[edit]

Visual art[edit]

Music[edit]

Literature[edit]

Media[edit]

Notable people[edit]

Some of the early residents of Saluda included:Benjamin Staton, William Metcalf, Burrell Pope Pace, Samuel Gordon, three of whom are buried in the Metcalf graveyard in the Fork Creek community ,the fourth was buried on a hillside in 1815 in what later became the Old Mountain Page Graveyard. His graveyard is one of present day Henderson County's oldest graves. Some historians believe Benjamin Staton to be the first white man to live in present day Henderson County. At the time he built his home in the community of Saluda, this was in Greenville county, SC. The state line was later changed and the land Staton owned at the time is now present day Henderson County.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "2010 Demographic Profile". Retrieved 3 November 2011. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ "Earth quake activity". Onboard Informatics. Retrieved 3 November 2011. 
  6. ^ "2010 Demographic Profile". Retrieved 3 November 2011. 
  7. ^ "Saluda events". Saluda Business Association. Retrieved 3 November 2011. 
  8. ^ "Saluda events". Saluda Business Association. Retrieved 3 November 2011. 
  9. ^ "Saluda events". Saluda Business Association. Retrieved 3 November 2011. 
  10. ^ "Schools in Saluda". City Data. Retrieved 3 November 2011. 

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External links[edit]


Category:Cities in North Carolina Category:Populated places in Henderson County, North Carolina Category:Populated places in Polk County, North Carolina Category:Asheville metropolitan area