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Meetings of Anglo-French Supreme War Council
Place Date Topics Discussed Participants
Abbeville 12 Sep 1939 Discussions about Italy - would it be possible to deploy military force at Salonika or Istanbul without provoking Mussolini? For the UK:Neville Chamberlain, Lord Chatfield; For France: Edouard Daladier. General Maurice Gamelin
Hove 22 Sep 1939 Further discussions about Italy and the deployment of forces to Salonika or Istanbul. Agreement reached on procedure for coordinating British and French plans with regard to munitions and supplies. Also on procedure for co-ordinating and perfecting the arrangements to be made by the two governments. For the UK: Neville Chamberlain, Lord Halifax (Foreign Secretary), Lord Chatfield, Sir Alexander Cadogan, Major-General Ismay, Sir Edward Bridges, A N Rucker, F K Roberts; For France: Edouard Daladier, Raoul Dautry (Minister of Armaments), General Maurice Gamelin, Admiral Darlan, C. Corbin, J Monnet, General Decamp, G. de Chambron.
London 17 Nov 1939 Agreement to advance into Belgium to the “Dyle River line” if Belgium was attacked, For the UK: N Chamberlain, Lord Halifax, Lord Chatfield, Sir Kingsley Wood, Sir Horace Wilson, Sir Alexander Cadogan, Sir Edward Bridges, Air Chief Marshal Sir Cyril Newall, Major General H L Ismay, Interpreter F K Roberts; For France E Daladier, C Corbin, General Gamelin, Admiral Darlan, General Vuillemin, General Koeltz, Admiral Odend'hal, General Lelong, Interpreter G de Charbonnière.
Paris 19 Dec 1939 Daladier wants to send trps to Finland For the UK: N Chamberlain, Lord Halifax, Lord Chatfield, General Ironside, Sir Ronald Campbell, Sir Alexander Cadogan, Sir Edward Bridges, Major General Ismay, Interpreter C M Berkeley; For France: E Daladier, G La Chambre, A Champetier de Ribes, General Gamelin, Admiral Darlan, A Léger, General Koeltz, Interpreters F Lacaste, R de Sainte-Suzanne.
Paris 05 Feb 1940 UK pours water on Finland plan; but UK gave formal commitment to save Finland. Assistance to Finns and capture of Swedish iron ore fields. Joint force of 100K to go in mid-March. Also agreed to support N and S if a German threat against southern Scandinavia. This needed consent of N and S, according to UK. But F was prepared to ignore them N Chamberlain, Lord Halifax, W Churchill, O Stanley, Sir Kingsley Wood, Sir Alexander Cadogan, Sir Ronald Campbell, General Sir Edmund Ironside, Admiral Sir Dudley Pound, Air Marshal R E C Peirse, Major General H L Ismay, B W Gilbert, A N Rucker, Captain A W Clarke RN, Interpreter Captain C M Berkeley; For France: E Daladier, C Campinchi, G La Chambre, A Champetier de Ribes, A Léger, General Gamelin, Admiral Darlan, General Vuillemin, General Decamp, General Koeltz, Interpreter Lt R de Margerie.
London 28 Mar 1940 Reynaud’s first SWC. He signed the declaration that there would be no separate armistice or peace with mutual agreement. UK would agree to expedition to Norway if F agreed to Royal Marine; also mining of N waters For the UK: Chamberlain, Viscount Halifax, Churchill, Oliver Stanley, Sir Kingsley Wood, Sir Alexander Cadogan, Sir Cyril Newall, Sir Dudley Pound, Sir Edmund Ironside; For France: Paul Reynaud, Campinchi, Laurent-Eynac, Corbin, Alexis Leger, General Gamelin, Admiral Darlan, General Vuillemin, General Koeltz.
London 09 Apr 1940 SWC meet ‘hurriedly’ in the afternoon. Decided to send a force to Narvik to secure the port and the railway to the border with S; to destroy airport at Stavanger, to take ports of Bergen and Trondheim. (BUT the Germans forestalled the Allied in every instance!) For the UK: Chamberlain, Lord Halifax, Churchill, Stanley, Sir Samuel Hoare, Sir Alexander Cadogan, Sir Cyril Newall, Sir Dudley Pound, Sir Edmund Ironside; For France:Reynaud, Daladier, Admiral Darlan, General Koeltz, M. Corbin
Paris 22+23 Apr 1940 Agreed that if either B or H were to be invaded, the RAF would without further discussion start to bomb Ruhr. SWC discussed N. Problems in N – UK agreed to stand fast; but situation was deteriorating For the UK: Chamberlain, Lord Halifax, Churchill, Sir Samuel Hoare, Sir Ronald Campbell, Sir Alexander Cadogan, Sir Cyril Newall, Sir Dudley Pound, Sir Edmund Ironside; For France: Paul Reynaud, Edouard Daladier, Campinchi, Laurent-Eynac, Leger, Baudoin, General Gamelin, General Vuillemin, Corbin and General Koeltz; For Poland: General Sikorski and August Zaleski; For Norway: Bachke (the Norwegian Minister in Paris).
London 26+27 Apr 1940 SWC discussed N. WSC proposed the evacuation of N; Gamelin protested. Corbin feared the effect of such a withdrawal on French opinion. Reynaud bitter about ‘old men who do not know how to take a risk’. Paul Reynaud, Edouard Daladier, (the latter on 27 April) Campinchi, Laurent-Eynac, Corbin, Gamelin, Darlan, Vuillemin; For the UK: Chamberlain, Lord Halifax, Churchill, Oliver Stanley, Sir Samuel Hoare, Sir Alexander Cadogan, Sir Cyril Newall, Sir Dudley Pound, Sir Edmund Ironside; the representatives in London of the Polish and Norwegian governments also took part.
Paris 16 May 1940 WSC flies to Paris following Reynaud’s call the previous day to say that “the French were beaten”. WSC + Sir John Dill (Vice CIGS)+General Ismay (Deputy)+Air Marshall Joubert de la Ferté (Deputy Chief of Air Staff). He found the French almost paralyzed. Britain then had doubts about France. The extent of the French despair first became apparent. French asked for more air support. Britain needed squadrons to defend its war industries Dish and Dash
Paris 22 May 1940 WSC+Ismay+AVM Sir Richard Peirse flew to Paris to meet Weygand, Reynaud. Sir John Dill and the British ambassador were present. Meeting held at French General Staff HW at Vincennes. WSC and Dill approved the Weygand Plan. (But did not say that Lord Gort thought it was impossible.) Peirse refused to allow British bombers to operate in a tactical ground-support role – not suitable. Hilly and Hally
London 26 May 1940 Reynaud and Churchill met alone over lunch. The former pressed for more air support and hinted that if France were to lose the Battle of France, Pétain would want to sue for peace. After lunch, they were joined by other British delegates. A proposal previously voiced by Lord Halifax was discussed. This would involve asking Mussolini to help by arranging a peace conference. If he would secure the independence of France and Britain, concessions would be made to Italy. These would include the handing over of French possessions to Italy and the internationalisation of Malta, Gibraltar and Suez. The British opposed this plan; the French approached Mussolini later in the month but he ignored the offer. For the UK: Churchill, Chamberlain, Attlee and Eden; For France: Reynaud
Paris 31 May 1940 WSC – taking off more Fr at Dunkirk; 3 British Divisions to form the rearguard WSC+Attlee+Ismay+Dill+Spears+Ambassador Reynaud+Pétain+Weygand+Darlan+Baudoin+de Margerie.
Briare 11+12 Jun 1940 Bla Bla Hickle and Hackle
Tours 13 July 1940 Bla Bla Bla Bla Zilch and Zalch

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He vetoed the British application to join the European Economic Community (EEC) in 1963 because, he said, he thought the United Kingdom lacked the necessary political will to be part of a strong Europe.[1] He further saw Britain as a "Trojan Horse" for the USA. [2] He maintained there were incompatibilities between continental European and British economic interests. In addition, he demanded that the United Kingdom accept all the conditions laid down by the six existing members of the EEC (Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands) and revoke its commitments to countries within its own free trade area. He supported a deepening and an acceleration of common market integration rather than expansion.[3] However, in this latter respect, a detailed study of the formative years of the EEC argues that the defence of French economic interests, especially in agriculture, in fact played a more dominant role in determining de Gaulle's stance towards British entry than the various political and foreign policy considerations that have often been cited. [4] The General’s attitude was also influenced by resentments which had come about during his exile in Britain during the Second World War. Added to these were fears of an Anglo-American agreement in regard to nuclear weapons – the USA had provided Britain with Polaris missiles the previous year.[5] Many Britons[who?] took de Gaulle’s veto as an insult, especially in view of the role the United Kingdom had played in the Liberation of France only 19 years earlier.[citation needed]

En 1838, ce canal

reçoit, juste à l'amont

de son écluse de Baraban, le Canal latéral à la Loire qui descend de Digoin. Ce canal traverse la Loire dans son lit-même, à cinq kilomètres en amont, à Châtillon-sur-Loire.

Cependant, ce passage en Loire est dangereux et rapidement, il ne répond plus aux exigences du trafic fluvial. C'est alors qu'en 1896, est construite une nouvelle branche du canal latéral qui traverse le fleuve par le pont-canal. Cette nouvelle branche du Canal latéral à la Loire reçoit le surnom de "nouveau canal" ou "canal neuf".

The Escadron de transport, d'entraînement et de calibration 00.065 (ETEC 65, "Transportation, training and calibration squadron") is a unit of the French Air Force, under the direct command of the Minister of Defence, in charge of the transportation of the President, the Prime Minister and other French government officials. It is also responsible for carrying foreign delegations and for military and civilian casualty evacuation flights. It is based at Villacoublay near Paris.

Presidential and other governmental flights were previously the responsibility of GLAM (Groupe de liaisons aériennes ministérielles), a unit which was disbanded in 1995 by President Jacques Chirac.

Current fleet

As of 2010, the ETEC has:

Government officials are sometimes also carried by the Escadron de transport 3/60 Estérel, (Transport Squadron 3/30 Estérel), which is equipped with 3 Airbus A310-300 and 2 Airbus A340-200. Such flights are undertaken when the passenger capacity of the ETEC’s A319 aircraft is insufficient.

Flights use the callsign COTAM “0xy”, with COTAM 0001 reserved for the President of France and COTAM 0002 allocated to a foreign head of state.

In response to a ministerial question, it was revealed that the average hourly cost of flights during 2007 was as follows:

▪ 4 553 € per hour for the Falcon 50, ▪ 7 126 € per hour for the Super Puma, ▪ 8 970 € per hour for the Airbus A319 CJ, ▪ 9 431 € per hour for the Falcon 900.

In 2003, the ETEC provided 673 flight hours for the President, 516 for the Prime Minister, 602 for the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and 318 for the Ministry of Defence.


The Groupe Aérien d’entraînement et de liaison 87 (GAEL) was formed in July 1945 at Le Bourget airport, transferring the following year to the Vélizy – Villacoublay air base of the French Air Force. Later that year, GAEL was merged with the 60th transport wing, becoming its second squadron, GTLA 2/60 (Groupe de Transport de Liaison Aérienne). GLAM became GTLA 1/60.

In 1969, the unit had become too large and was accordingly split, one part grouping together all the Nord 262 aircraft. On 6 July 1972, the 65e escadre de transport (65th Transport Wing) was formed, being made up of two squadrons:

  • (1) ET 1/60 “Vendôme” (1st Transport Squadron “Vendôme”), which grouped together all the Mystère-Falcon 20 aircraft which had recently been brought into service and the Nord 262 aircraft
  • (2) ET 2/65 “Rambouillet” (2nd Transport Squadron “Rambouillet”) equipped with MH 1521 Broussard aircraft and MS 760 Paris machines. In 1984, a third unit was formed, the “escadron de calibration 3/65” (Calibration Squadron 3/65), also equipped with Mystere-Falcon 20 machines.

In 1987, the EC 3/65 became the “escadron de transport et de calibration” (Transport and Calibration Squadron), which grouped together all the [[Mystère Falcon] 20]]; this unit was disbanded in May 1991. The three units have since been grouped together as a single squadron, ETEC 00.065 (“Transport, Training and Calibration Squadron”) which is, however, still commonly known as “GAEL”.

In July 1995, shortly after taking up office, President Jacques Chirac decided to disband GLAM (Groupe de liaisons aériennes ministerrielles). The helicopters of GLAM were transferred to the Escadron d’hélicoptères 3/67 Parisis and the fixed wing aircraft to ETEC which, as ETEC “Alpha”, became responsible for carrying members of the government and VIPs. ETEC “Bravo” took on the responsibility for calibration (see below) and ETEC “Charlie” looked after non-governmental liaison flights using the Mystère 20, the Nord 262 and then the TBM 700, which replaced the MS 760 Paris.

Until 2007, ETEC “Bravo” using its Mystère 20 was responsible for the calibration of radio navigation aids. Today, this role is carried out by the “Service d'Exploitation de la Formation Aéronautique (SEFA), a branch of the “Direction Générale de l'Aviation Civile”, the French civil aviation authority. Beechcraft 90, Beechcraft 200 and ATR 42 aircraft are used for the calibration flights.

See also List of air transports of Heads of State and Government

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List of private plaques
Name Dates Profession Plaque location Sponsoring body
Charlie Chester 1914–1997 Comedian, poet and artist Inside Royal Hippodrome
Mr Plonk 1881-1882 One-legged Tarzan Up in Annie's Room Peter Cook
Tommy Cooper 1921–1984 Comedian and magician 7 Motcombe Lane
Nelson Victor Carter 1887–1916 Holder of the Victoria Cross 33 Greys Road
Professor Thomas Huxley 1825–1895 Biologist Hodesley, 10 Staveley Road
Professor Frederick Soddy 1877–1956 Physicist and radiochemist Eastbourne College, Blackwater Road
6 Bolton Road
  1. ^ "How the EU was built". 2000. Retrieved 2007-08-18. 
  2. ^ "Fondation Charles de Gaulle". Retrieved 2009-01-13. 
  3. ^ "European NAvigator (ENA) - General de Gaulle's first veto". Retrieved 2009-01-17. 
  4. ^ Andrew Moravscik, The Choice for Europe (1998).
  5. ^ "European NAvigator (ENA) - General de Gaulle's first veto". Retrieved 2009-01-17.