User:StarryGrandma/My sandbox

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Citation archeology[edit]

Two pages of citation examples show the older methods

Look at oldest documentation of Template:Wikicite at Template:Wikicite/doc. Wikicite creates an anchored reference for a bibliography given an id and a reference.

Before automatic numbering[edit]

early recommendations were embedded links, general references at the bottom

Example 1. Hand numbered references[edit]

Article This is a test.1

This is a second test.1

This is the first sentence.2

This is the second sentence.2

1. Joyce, James. Ulysses. Sylvia Beach, 1922.
2. a bJoyce, James. Ulysses. Dover, 2009.
This is a test.<sup>[[#label-1|1]]</sup>

This is a second test.<sup>[[#label-1|1]]</sup>

This is the first sentence.<sup id=label-2a>[[#label-2|2]]</sup>

This is the second sentence.<sup id=label-2b>[[#label-2|2]]</sup>

:1. <cite id=label-1>Joyce, James. ''Ulysses''. Sylvia Beach, 1922.</cite>
:2. <sup>[[#label-2a|a]] [[#label-2b|b]]</sup><cite id=label-2>Joyce, James. ''Ulysses''. Dover, 2009.</cite>

Example 2: Parenthetical references[edit]

Harvard style references avoid the numbering problem.

Article This is the first statement about Emma (Austen 1815, pp. 24–25).

This is the second statement (Austen 1999, pp. 56–64). And more material from a different part of the book (Austen 1999, pp. 102–105).

  • Austen, Jane. Emma. John Murray, 1815.
  • Austen, Jane. Emma. Dover, 1999.
This is the first statement about Emma (Austen 1815, pp. 24–25). 

This is the second statement ([[#label-Austen1999|Austen 1999]], pp. 56–64). And more material from a different part of the book ([[#label-Austen1999|Austen 1999]], pp. 102–105).

* Austen, Jane. ''Emma''. John Murray, 1815.
* <cite id=label-Austen1999>Austen, Jane. ''Emma''. Dover, 1999.</cite>

Citation error messages[edit]

The big red error messages only show in article space. See Template:broken ref for example. Add span.brokenref {display: inline;} to your common.css to see them in your sandbox.

Tools to create references[edit]

Shortened references:

Sources for articles[edit]


national medal of science

  • "The President's National Medal of Science: Fay Ajzenberg-Selove". National Science Foundation. Retrieved 9 August 2013. For her pioneering contributions in nuclear physics that have advanced research into many applications, including energy generation from fusion, dating of artifacts, and nuclear medicine; her passion for teaching; and her outstanding service to her profession. 


  • Lubkin, Gloria (2013). "Fay Ajzenberg-Selove". Physics Today. 66 (6): 62. doi:10.1063/PT.3.2018. 

Reviewed here with good description of the physics:

Finkbeiner, Ann K. 1994. “Women who run with physicists.” In The Sciences. September -October. pp. 40-44.


Waxman's research focuses on early conceptual development, early linguistic development, and how they are related. She looks at how children develop a concept or mental image such as do, blue, or running and learn the word that describe them. While at Harvard she proposed that chldren have a built-in expectation that words used for an object refer to that object. Most studies had been done on older children. In a study of 12-month old infants done, she and Dana Markow demonstrated that the ability to develop concepts and the ability to learn words are available to children from the very start and that they are tightly linked together.[1]

At Northwestern Waxman is the director of the Project on Child Development.[2] The project provides a laboratory for studying children from newborn to six years old in a pleasant playroom setting.<FAQ> In further research she and colleagues studied younger and older children and children from different cultures. This research demonstrated that infants are also born with a built-in expectation that words will refer to what objects have in common. These expectations are fine-tuned by their experiences.[3]

Biography on the Guggenheim web site

Has dates of her education, summary of some of her research and of her other awards

James McKeen Cattell Award - Observer article

Pat Vaughan Tremmel press release

Fellow of the AAAS in 2010

Chapter in book: [4]

Waxman, S.R. (2008). All in Good Time: How do Infants Discover Distinct Types of Words and Map Them to Distinct Kinds of Meaning? in J. Colombo, P. McCardle & L. Freund (Eds.), Infant Pathways to Language: Methods, Models, and Research Directions. (pp. 99-118). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Waxman, S. R. (2002). Early word learning and conceptual development: Everything had a name, and each name gave birth to a new thought. In U. Goswami (Ed.), Blackwell Handbook of Childhood Cognitive Development (pp. 102-126). Oxford UK: Blackwell Publishers

and introduction to 2008 edition that talks about Waxman's article, intro to Part I Infancy. THe Orgins of Cognitave development, pp 1-5

At Northwestern Scholars

Highly cited article, 1995 - work done at Harvard, see article, presented at meetings earlier

Reference templates[edit]

Cite something using { {r|what} }, documentation {{r}}.[5]

For a truly strange reference {tl{ICS 2004}} turns into a wikilink, and an embedded citation, and a note.(ICS, 2004[6])


See also[edit]


  1. ^ WaxmanMarkow1995
  2. ^ project director page
  3. ^ Goswami2002
  4. ^ John Colombo; Peggy McCardle; Lisa Freund (2008). Infant Pathways to Language: Methods, Models, and Research Directions. Taylor & Francis. ISBN 978-1-4106-1682-1. 
  5. ^ this is the ref
  6. ^ Gradstein, Felix M.; Ogg, J. G.; Smith, A. G. (2004). A Geologic Time Scale 2004. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0521786738.