Two pages of citation examples show the older methods
- Wikipedia:Citing sources/Example edits for different methods - includes the older handwritten versions
- Wikipedia:Verification methods - using the newer templates?
Before automatic numbering
early recommendations were embedded links, general references at the bottom
Example 1. Hand numbered references
|Article||This is a test.1
This is a second test.1
This is the first sentence.2
This is the second sentence.2
This is a test.<sup>[[#label-1|1]]</sup> This is a second test.<sup>[[#label-1|1]]</sup> This is the first sentence.<sup id=label-2a>[[#label-2|2]]</sup> This is the second sentence.<sup id=label-2b>[[#label-2|2]]</sup> ;References :1. <cite id=label-1>Joyce, James. ''Ulysses''. Sylvia Beach, 1922.</cite> :2. <sup>[[#label-2a|a]] [[#label-2b|b]]</sup><cite id=label-2>Joyce, James. ''Ulysses''. Dover, 2009.</cite>
Example 2: Parenthetical references
Harvard style references avoid the numbering problem.
|Article||This is the first statement about Emma (Austen 1815, pp. 24–25).
This is the first statement about Emma (Austen 1815, pp. 24–25). This is the second statement ([[#label-Austen1999|Austen 1999]], pp. 56–64). And more material from a different part of the book ([[#label-Austen1999|Austen 1999]], pp. 102–105). ;References * Austen, Jane. ''Emma''. John Murray, 1815. * <cite id=label-Austen1999>Austen, Jane. ''Emma''. Dover, 1999.</cite>
Sources for articles
national medal of science
- "The President's National Medal of Science: Fay Ajzenberg-Selove". National Science Foundation. Retrieved 9 August 2013.
For her pioneering contributions in nuclear physics that have advanced research into many applications, including energy generation from fusion, dating of artifacts, and nuclear medicine; her passion for teaching; and her outstanding service to her profession.
- Ajzenberg-Selove, Fay (1994). A Matter of Choices: Memoirs of a Female Physicist. Rutgers University Press. ISBN 978-0-8135-2035-3.
Reviewed here with good description of the physics:
- Finkbeiner, Ann K. (1994). "Women Who Run With Physicists" (PDF). The Sciences. New York Academy of Sciences. 34 (5): 40–44. Retrieved 31 July 2013.
Finkbeiner, Ann K. 1994. “Women who run with physicists.” In The Sciences. September -October. pp. 40-44.
- Anleitner, Joselyn; Kaitlyn Beyer; Candyce Boyd; Bentley Historical Library, University of Michigan, Women in Science & Engineering (Organization) (2011). A Series of Firsts: Women in Michigan Science and Engineering, 1940-1985. University of Michigan. Cite uses deprecated parameter
- Anleitner, Joselyn; Kaitlyn Beyer; Candyce Boyd (2011). "Fay Ajzenberg-Selove (Interview audio and transcript)". A Series of Firsts: Women in Michigan Science and Engineering, 1940-1985. University of Michigan Bentley Historical Library, Women in Science & Engineering. Retrieved 30 July 2013.
Waxman's research focuses on early conceptual development, early linguistic development, and how they are related. She looks at how children develop a concept or mental image such as do, blue, or running and learn the word that describe them. While at Harvard she proposed that chldren have a built-in expectation that words used for an object refer to that object. Most studies had been done on older children. In a study of 12-month old infants done, she and Dana Markow demonstrated that the ability to develop concepts and the ability to learn words are available to children from the very start and that they are tightly linked together.
At Northwestern Waxman is the director of the Project on Child Development. The project provides a laboratory for studying children from newborn to six years old in a pleasant playroom setting.<FAQ> In further research she and colleagues studied younger and older children and children from different cultures. This research demonstrated that infants are also born with a built-in expectation that words will refer to what objects have in common. These expectations are fine-tuned by their experiences.
Biography on the Guggenheim web site
- "Sandra R. Waxman - Biography". John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation. Retrieved 31 July 2013.
- Has dates of her education, summary of some of her research and of her other awards
James McKeen Cattell Award - Observer article
- "2007-2008 Cattell Fund Fellowships Announced". Observer. Association for Pyschological Science. 20 (6). 2007. Retrieved 31 July 2013.
Pat Vaughan Tremmel press release
- Tremmel, Pat Vaughn (May 2007). "Sandra R. Waxman, professor of psychology in the Weinberg College of Arts and Sciences at Northwestern University, has been awarded a Guggenheim Fellowship as well as a 2007-08 James McKeen Cattell Fund Fellowship" (Press release). Northwestern University. Retrieved 31 July 2013.
Fellow of the AAAS in 2010
- Fellman, Meghan (19 April 2011). "Faculty Members Named AAAS Fellows. Three elected to one of the nation's most prestigious honorary societies" (Press release). Northwestern University. Retrieved 31 July 2013.
- "AAAS Members Elected as Fellows" (Press release). American Association for the Advancement of Science. 11 January 2011. Retrieved 11 August 2013.
Chapter in book:
- Waxman, Sandra (2008). "How Infants Discover Distinct Word Types and Map Them to Distinct Meanings" (PDF). In John Colombo; Peggy McCardle; Lisa Freund. Infant Pathways to Language: Methods, Models, and Research Directions. Taylor & Francis. pp. 99–118. ISBN 978-1-4106-1682-1.
Waxman, S.R. (2008). All in Good Time: How do Infants Discover Distinct Types of Words and Map Them to Distinct Kinds of Meaning? in J. Colombo, P. McCardle & L. Freund (Eds.), Infant Pathways to Language: Methods, Models, and Research Directions. (pp. 99-118). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Waxman, S. R. (2002). Early word learning and conceptual development: Everything had a name, and each name gave birth to a new thought. In U. Goswami (Ed.), Blackwell Handbook of Childhood Cognitive Development (pp. 102-126). Oxford UK: Blackwell Publishers
- Waxman, Sandra R. (2002, reprinted 2008). "Early word learning and conceptual development: Everything had a name, and each name gave birth to a new thought" (PDF). In Usha Goswami. Blackwell Handbook of Childhood Cognitive Development. John Wiley & Sons. pp. 102–166. ISBN 978-1-4051-4298-4. Check date values in:
and introduction to 2008 edition that talks about Waxman's article, intro to Part I Infancy. THe Orgins of Cognitave development, pp 1-5
- Goswami, Usha (2008). Blackwell Handbook of Childhood Cognitive Development. John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 978-1-4051-4298-4.
- Goswami, Usha (2002, reprinted 2008). "Introduction to Part I.". In Usha Goswami. Blackwell Handbook of Childhood Cognitive Development. John Wiley & Sons. pp. 1–5. ISBN 978-1-4051-4298-4. Check date values in:
At Northwestern Scholars http://www.scholars.northwestern.edu/expertPubs.asp?n=Sandra+R+Waxman&u_id=2558&oe_id=1&o_id=89
Highly cited article, 1995 - work done at Harvard, see article, presented at meetings earlier
- Waxman, Susan R.; Dana B. Markow (1995). "Words as invitations to form categories: evidence from 12- to 13-month-old infants" (PDF). Cognitive Psychology. 29 (3): 257–302. PMID 8556847. Cite uses deprecated parameter
- project director page
- John Colombo; Peggy McCardle; Lisa Freund (2008). Infant Pathways to Language: Methods, Models, and Research Directions. Taylor & Francis. ISBN 978-1-4106-1682-1.
- this is the ref
- Gradstein, Felix M.; Ogg, J. G.; Smith, A. G. (2004). A Geologic Time Scale 2004. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0521786738.