Ute Indian Tribe of the Uintah and Ouray Reservation
Uintah Ute couple, northwestern Utah, 1874
|Regions with significant populations|
|United States ( Utah)|
|English, Ute language|
|Christianity, Sun Dance, Native American Church, traditional tribal religion|
|Related ethnic groups|
|other Ute Tribes|
The Ute Indian Tribe of the Uinta and Ouray Reservation is a State Tribe of Ute Indians in Utah, originally from Colorado. The Uinta Shoshone are the original inhabitants and are the treaty holders of the reservation. The Uintah are a western band of Ute that the State absorbed into their non-Indian population and are not allowed to reside on the Federal Reservation belonging to the Uinta Shoshone people.
The Uinta Valley Reservation of the Uinta & Ouray Reservation is located in Fort Duchesne, Utah.
The Uinta and Ouray Indian Reservation is the second-largest Indian Reservation in the US – covering over 4,500,000 acres (18,000 km2) of land. Tribal owned lands only cover approximately 1.2 million acres (4,855 km2) of surface land and 40,000 acres (160 km2) of mineral-owned land within the 4 million acres (16,185 km2) reservation area. Founded in 1861, it is located in Carbon, Duchesne, Grand, Uintah, Utah, and Wasatch Counties in Utah.
Uinta Shoshones have lived in the Utah region for over 10,000 years. From 3000 BCE to around 500 BCE. They were moved to the Uinta Basin because Mormon leader Brigham Young wanted their grazing lands and water. He requested the U.S. Government to remove the Shoshone Bands from the Wasatch Front. The Government agreed, sent in the U.S. Cavalry and President Abraham Lincoln created the Uinta Valley Reservation for the Shoshone people in 1861.
Spanish explorers traveled through Shoshone land in 1776. They were followed by an ever-increasing number of non-Natives. The Mormons fought the Shoshone from the 1840s to 1870s. In the 1860s the US federal government created the Uinta Valley Reservation for the Shoshone Tribes of Utah. The Utes were moved to the Shoshone reservation in 1888 temporarily after they murdered the area agent Meeker (Meeker Massacre).
- D'Azevedo, Warren L., Volume Editor. Handbook of North American Indians, Volume 11: Great Basin. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1986. ISBN 978-0-16-004581-3.
- Pritzker, Barry M. A Native American Encyclopedia: History, Culture, and Peoples. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000. ISBN 978-0-19-513877-1.
- Ute Indian Tape Recordings Collection; MSS 855; 20th Century Western & Mormon Manuscripts; L. Tom Perry Special Collections, Harold B. Lee Library, Brigham Young University.
- The Ute; MSS SC 1162; Newsletters of the Uintah and Ouray Indian Agency (1937-1941); 20th Century Western and Mormon Manuscripts; L. Tom Perry Special Collections, Harold B. Lee Library, Brigham Young University.
- Uinta Shoshone Tribe, original inhabitants & treaty holders of the Uinta Valley Reservation of the Uinta & Ouray Agency. Official website: www.uintavalleyshoshonetribe.com