The city was built on three sandstone cliffs in the second half of the thirteenth century by Counts of the Waldstein family. After 1420 the castle was occupied by the Hussites, then later by robber barons. In 1621 the abandoned castle was bought back by the Waldsteins, whose most illustrious member was Albrecht von Wallenstein. During the peak of the Baroque period, they built a pilgrimage church, dedicated to John of Nepomuk, in 1722 on the ruins of the castle.
- Marc Di Duca (1 June 2006). Czech Republic: The Bradt Travel Guide. Bradt Travel Guides. p. 208. ISBN 978-1-84162-150-0. Retrieved 3 September 2012.
- Jiří Adamovič; Radek Mikuláš; Václav G. Cílek (2006). Sandstone districts of the Bohemian paradise: emergence of a romantic landscape. Institute of Geology, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic. p. 4. Retrieved 3 September 2012.