Values (heritage)

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Changing values saw the demolition and burial of this monument in 1991; in 2010 it was announced that the head was to be excavated and placed in a museum for disgraced statues[1]

The values embodied in cultural heritage[2] are identified in order to assess significance, prioritize resources, and inform conservative-restorative decision-making. It is recognised that values may compete and change over time, and that heritage may have different meanings for different stakeholders.


Alois Riegl is credited with developing Ruskin's concept of 'voicefulness' into a systematic categorization of the different values of a monument. In his 1908 essay Der moderne Denkmalkultus (The modern cult of monuments), he describes historical value, artistic value, age value, commemorative value, use value, and newness value. Riegl demonstrates that some of these values conflict and argues that they may be culturally contingent.[3]

Charters and Conventions[edit]

The UNESCO World Heritage Convention addresses cultural sites of outstanding universal value, from a historical, aesthetic, scientific, ethnological or anthropological perspective, and highlights the need for authenticity.[4] Discussed in the 1964 Venice Charter, values and the question 'why conserve?' are the focus of the 1979 Burra Charter (last revised 1999). Cultural significance is said to be 'embodied' in the fabric, setting, use, associations, and meanings of a place, and includes aesthetic, historic, scientific, social and spiritual values for past, present and future generations. In order to preserve such values a 'cautious approach' of minimum intervention is advocated.[5][6][7]


Significance assessment typically includes consideration of the rarity, representativeness, and communicative power of assets and their values. These are then managed in order to sustain and valorize that significance.[8][9] Engagement with the economic value of heritage may help promote its preservation.[10] Development of new representation technologies such as Digital Twin has potential to help the community perceive the Values and also help the community engage in the curation and dissemination of the architectural heritage with an increased level of accessibility. [11]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Crossland, David (26 January 2010). "'Hello Lenin': Berlin to Resurrect its Disgraced Monuments". Der Spiegel. Retrieved 29 March 2011.
  2. ^ Sullivan, Ann Marie (2016). "Cultural Heritage & New Media: A Future for the Past". John Marshall Review of Intellectual Property Law. 15 (604). Archived from the original on 19 November 2022.
  3. ^ Stanley, Nicholas P.; Talley, Mansfield K.; Vaccaro, Alessandra M. (26 September 1996). Historical and Philosophical Issues in the Conservation of Cultural Heritage. Getty Conservation Institute. pp. 18–21, 69–83. ISBN 9780892362509. OCLC 33441881.
  4. ^ "Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention" (PDF). UNESCO. pp. 13, 94). Retrieved 29 March 2011.
  5. ^ "Burra Charter (vid. Preamble, Articles 1, 3, Guidelines)" (PDF). Australia ICOMOS. Retrieved 29 March 2011.
  6. ^ "Principles for the Conservation of Heritage Sites in China" (PDF). China ICOMOS/Getty Conservation Institute. p. 55. Retrieved 29 March 2011.
  7. ^ Worthing, Derek; Bond, Stephen (2008). Managing Built Heritage: The Role of Cultural Significance. Blackwell Publishing. pp. 94ff. ISBN 978-1-4051-1978-8.
  8. ^ Deacon, Harriet; Dondolo, Luvuyo; Mirubata, Mbulelo; Prosalendis, Sandra (2004). The Subtle Power of Intangible Heritage: Legal and Financial Instruments for Safeguarding Intangible Heritage (PDF). HSRC Press. pp. 36f. ISBN 978-0-7969-2074-4. Archived from the original (PDF) on 12 October 2012. Retrieved 16 April 2012.
  9. ^ "Conservation Principles, Policies and Guidance for the Sustainable Management of the Historic Environment" (PDF). English Heritage. pp. 21ff. Retrieved 29 March 2011.
  10. ^ "Economics and Heritage Conservation" (PDF). Getty Conservation Institute. p. 54. Retrieved 29 March 2011.
  11. ^ Parsinejad, H.; Choi, I.; Yari, M. (2021). "Production of Iranian Architectural Assets for Representation in Museums: Theme of Museum-Based Digital Twin". Body, Space and Technology. 20 (1): 61–74. doi:10.16995/bst.364.

Further reading[edit]

  • Sustainable tourism and social value at World Heritage Sites: Towards a conservation plan for Altamira, Spain by Pablo Alonso González, Eva Parga Dans & Raimundo Otero. [1]
  • Sustainable tourism and social value at World Heritage Sites: Towards a conservation plan for Altamira, Spain by Pablo Alonso González & Eva Parga Dans. [2]
  • The Altamira controversy: Assessing the economic impact of a world heritage site for planning and tourism management by Pablo Alonso González & Eva Parga Dans. [3]

External links[edit]