Van Day Truex

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Van Day Truex (March l5, 1904-April 24, 1979) was an American interior designer, professor of design, and painter and a Chevalier of the Legion of Honor (Chevalier de la Légion d’Honneur).

Early life[edit]

He was born in Delphos, Kansas, the son of John Sherman Truex and Estel Van Landingham Day. J. Sherman and Estel Day Truex were close associates of James Cash Penney, managing some of the earliest of Mr. Penney’s “Golden Rule” stores. Estel was a first cousin of Earl Sams, second president of the J. C. Penney Company. The Truexes had two sons and two daughters, none of whom had children of their own. Van, despite being a brilliant student, encountered the increasing disapproval of his father, offended by this older son’s artistic and feminine personality; hence the parents were disengaged from Van from adolescence on. He was, however, emotionally and financially supported by his aunt, Leta Day (Mrs. Bert) Nicol, another of the early Penney colleagues.

After a year at the Wisconsin State Normal School in Oshkosh, Van was accepted at the New York School of Fine and Applied Art in 1923, whose president, Frank Alvah Parsons, soon became his mentor. In 1925, he was awarded a scholarship to the School’s Paris branch, the Paris Ateliers (established 1921). France was to be his second home for the rest of his life.

Career[edit]

Upon graduation in 1926, he joined the faculty and eventually was appointed director in Paris. In that position, he was drawn into the international set as decorator and friend and became a friend of Elsie de Wolfe. The Paris branch later evolved into Parsons Paris (autumn 2013).

World War II forced his return to New York in 1939. The New York School of Applied and Fine Arts (1909–1936) — formerly the New York School of Art (1898–1909) — had been renamed Parsons School of Design 1936–2005, after its late co-founder, and Van Day Truex was named president. He continued his painting and presented some one-man shows. His work as designer for Grace Moore, the opera soprano, with whom he established a close friendship, mentioned in her autobiography.[1] In 1951 Van Day Truex was lauded by France as a Chevalier of the Legion of Honor (Chevalier de la Légion d’Honneur). The following year, however, a disagreement with the board of the Parson School led to his demotion to consultant. His next appointment was as artist-in-residence at the American Academy in Rome. Returning to New York in 1955, he was chosen by Walter Hoving, the new president of Tiffany & Co., as the director of design for the company. Meanwhile, he continued his favorite enterprise in the restoration or redecoration of homes in New York and Provence, his and others. In 1978, he returned from France at the insistence of Hoving to serve as vice-president of Tiffany's.

Design legacy[edit]

His style as a designer emphasized aesthetics over function.[2] He was not, in fact, interested in the mechanical process of materials, but rather the visual representation.[3] During a time when interior design was not as highly recognized, Truex gave a sense of quality and style that was driven by a motivated and controlled approach.[4] Truex’s style continued to influence 20th-century designers.[5]

Truex also had a great influence in the fashion world during his time at Tiffany & Co..[6] He hired French-born jewelry designer Jean Schlumberger. Schlumberger who brought a new look of mythological creatures from the sea and forest. Truex’s decision to employ Schlumberger impacted how Tiffany’s continued to establish the company as an iconic image.[7]

Truex has been dubbed "the man who defined twentieth-century taste and style" by biographer Adam Lewis.[8][9] Others have called him the father of 20th-century American design.

Reviving Truex's one-of-a-kind pieces, Scott Himmel has produced a traditional furniture line called Truex American Furniture.[10][11]

Personal life[edit]

Over the years, Van Day Truex had numerous friends and companions who came and went. At the last his closest friends were fellow designer, Billy Baldwin and patron-client, Rory Cameron, the travel writer.[12]

Truex died of a heart attack in his New York apartment April 24, 1979. He was preceded in death by all close family members except his long time sponsor, his aunt Leta Day Nicol. His ashes were buried in Provence at Les Quatre Sources, a home designed by Truex for Rory Cameron.

References[edit]

  1. ^ You’re Only Human Once by Grace Moore (1944; Doubleday, Doran).
  2. ^ Truex, Van Day. 1980. Interiors, character and color. Los Angeles: Knapp Press
  3. ^ "Oral History Interview with Van Day Truex, 1971 November 15." Archives of American Art. Smithsonian Institution, 15 Nov.
  4. ^ "Oral History Interview with Van Day Truex, 1971 November 15." Archives of American Art. Smithsonian Institution, 15 Nov.
  5. ^ Loring, John. 1979. "Van Day Truex: Late Dean of Twentieth-Century American Design". The Connoisseur <London>. 232-235.
  6. ^ Alumni Association Parsons School of Design. 1966. Place Setting Designed by Van Day Truex for Tiffany & Co..
  7. ^ Phillips, Clare. Bejewelled by Tiffany, 1837-1987. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press in Association with Gilbert Collection Trust and Tiffany & Co., 2006.
  8. ^ Source: Van Day Truex, the man who defined twentieth-century taste and style by Adam Lewis (2001; Viking Studio) ISBN 0-670-03024-4
  9. ^ Loring, John. 1979. "Van Day Truex: Late Dean of Twentieth-Century American Design". The Connoisseur <London>. 232-235.
  10. ^ "http://truexstyle.com/".  External link in |title= (help);
  11. ^ http://www.architecturaldigest.com/story/truex-american-furniture-co
  12. ^ Billy Baldwin, an autobiography with Michael Gardine (1985; Little, Brown).

External links[edit]