|• Total||8.61 km2 (3.32 sq mi)|
|• Density||40/km2 (100/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Area code(s)||(+36) 94|
Velem is a village in Vas county, Hungary. The village is situated on the slopes of Kőszeg Mountains, at the westernmost tip of the county and the region known as Alpokalja (Lower Alps). Velem is notable for its picturesque environment and healthy climate.
Velem was first mentioned in records in 1279. One of the notable archaeological sights of Central Europe can be found on St. Vid Hill above the village. The church on the top of the hill can be seen from several kilometers away. Owing to the excellent climatic conditions, Velem has become a well-known resort and holiday centre with full infrastructure. In the village there is a House of Crafts preserving the tradition of local folk arts.
|Year(s)||Castle or lordship where it be longed||Squire(s)||Event||Antecedent||Hungarian King|
|1279||Saint Vid Castle||Kőszegi (earlier: Németújvári), Miklós||Sharing on estate||Death of Henrik Kőszegi (earlier: Németújvári) in 1274||IV. László (Arpad dynasty)|
|after 1291||Lordship of Rohonc||Destruction of Saint Vid Castle||The peace treaty of Hainburg in 1291 austrian Duke Albrecht I and hungarian King András III||III. András (Arpad dynasty)|
|1374||Lordship of Rohonc||Rohonci family (descedents of Miklós Németújvári)||I. Lajos (Anjou)|
|1404||Lordship of Rohonc||Garai family||Grant||László Nápolyi's performance and expulsion from the country in 1402-1403||Zsigmond (Luxemburg dynasty)|
|1445||I. Frigyes german emperor occupied Kőszeg and Rohonc||German Occupation||Hungarian defeat against the Turks in the Battle of Varna in 1444||V. László (Habsburg)|
|1477||Lordship of Rohonc||Pesnitzer, Ulrik||King Matthias's Austrian campaign||Habsburg-Jagello Alliance against hungarian King. (1476)||I. Mátyás (Hunyadi)|
|1490||Lordship of Rohonc||Paunkister family||Grant|
|from 1527||Lordship of Rohonc||Batthyány family||Grant||I. Ferdinand (Habsburg)|
At the end of World War II the Szálasi Government was based in a prominent Velem mansion called the Stirling Villa. The Holy Crown of Hungary was preserved and safeguarded there between 29 December 1944 and 19 March 1945. Today the Stirling Villa is a venue for seminars and conferences while the House of Crafts next door hosts workshops where traditional and almost forgotten crafts can be learnt from experienced craftsmen. Preserving traditions is an organic part of this village where wooden barns stand among houses mainly built of stone and vernacular wine presses with cellars dotted along the Pákó Stream (Pákó-patak).
Over half of the village is related to each other, and Velem is only seven kilometers walk to the Austrian border. Many springs are nearby, and wildlife is abundant.
There is a still operational water mill situated near the village. The starting point of the national 'blue' tourist route is in Velem. The village is situated on the grounds of Írottkő Nature Park with a bicycle route crossing the village. The most frequently visited local event is the Chestnut Feast (Gesztenyeünnep) in October every year.