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Skyline of Velem
Coat of arms of Velem
Coat of arms
Velem is located in Hungary
Location of Velem
Coordinates: 47°20′41″N 16°29′30″E / 47.34472°N 16.49173°E / 47.34472; 16.49173Coordinates: 47°20′41″N 16°29′30″E / 47.34472°N 16.49173°E / 47.34472; 16.49173
Country  Hungary
Region Western Transdanubia
County Vas
First mention 1279
 • Total 8.61 km2 (3.32 sq mi)
Population (2010)
 • Total 343
 • Density 40/km2 (100/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 9726
Area code(s) (+36) 94

Velem is a village in Vas county, Hungary. The village is situated on the slopes of Kőszeg Mountains, at the westernmost tip of the county and the region known as Alpokalja (Lower Alps). Velem is notable for its picturesque environment and healthy climate.


Velem was first mentioned in records in 1279. One of the notable archaeological sights of Central Europe can be found on St. Vid Hill above the village. The church on the top of the hill can be seen from several kilometers away. Owing to the excellent climatic conditions, Velem has become a well-known resort and holiday centre with full infrastructure. In the village there is a House of Crafts preserving the tradition of local folk arts.

Year(s) Castle or lordship where it be longed Squire(s) Event Antecedent Hungarian King
1279 Saint Vid Castle Kőszegi (earlier: Németújvári), Miklós Sharing on estate Death of Henrik Kőszegi (earlier: Németújvári) in 1274 IV. László (Arpad dynasty)
after 1291 Lordship of Rohonc Destruction of Saint Vid Castle The peace treaty of Hainburg in 1291 austrian Duke Albrecht I and hungarian King András III III. András (Arpad dynasty)
1374 Lordship of Rohonc Rohonci family (descedents of Miklós Németújvári) I. Lajos (Anjou)
1404 Lordship of Rohonc Garai family Grant László Nápolyi's performance and expulsion from the country in 1402-1403 Zsigmond (Luxemburg dynasty)
1445 I. Frigyes german emperor occupied Kőszeg and Rohonc German Occupation Hungarian defeat against the Turks in the Battle of Varna in 1444 V. László (Habsburg)
1477 Lordship of Rohonc Pesnitzer, Ulrik King Matthias's Austrian campaign Habsburg-Jagello Alliance against hungarian King. (1476) I. Mátyás (Hunyadi)
1490 Lordship of Rohonc Paunkister family Grant
from 1527 Lordship of Rohonc Batthyány family Grant I. Ferdinand (Habsburg)

At the end of World War II the Szálasi Government was based in a prominent Velem mansion called the Stirling Villa. The Holy Crown of Hungary was preserved and safeguarded there between 29 December 1944 and 19 March 1945.[1] Today the Stirling Villa is a venue for seminars and conferences while the House of Crafts next door hosts workshops where traditional and almost forgotten crafts can be learnt from experienced craftsmen. Preserving traditions is an organic part of this village where wooden barns stand among houses mainly built of stone and vernacular wine presses with cellars dotted along the Pákó Stream (Pákó-patak).

Over half of the village is related to each other, and Velem is only seven kilometers walk to the Austrian border. Many springs are nearby, and wildlife is abundant.

There is a still operational water mill situated near the village. The starting point of the national 'blue' tourist route is in Velem. The village is situated on the grounds of Írottkő Nature Park with a bicycle route crossing the village. The most frequently visited local event is the Chestnut Feast (Gesztenyeünnep) in October every year.[2]

Notable residents[edit]

Mari Törőcsik, a major Hungarian actress.
Gyula Maár, a noted film director and husband of Mari Törőcsik.


External links[edit]