|• Caste||Kallar, Thevar|
|• Sub Castes||Athiyaman, Kandiyar, VijayaThevar, Poyundar, Nattar and Vandayar|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
The name Vellur is derived from the Tamil words: Vel meaning "spear", Oor – "village"; thus reading "village of spear". Actually the shape of Vellur's vicinity including such boroughs as Periyakumilai, Mela theru, Keelatheru, Alathan kudikadu, Kothaiyakadu, and Edatheru resembles that of a spear. In Kerala also there is a village name as vellur. It is situated in Kannur district of Kerala.
The name is also said to have originated from Vel (spear – வேல்) which is the main weapon of the Hindu deity Murugan or "Velayudayaan" (one who bears the spear). The word then literally means "The place of Murugan". In this village most people belong to saivasamayam and are also called Kaliyamurthi, Sankar, Saravanan, Balamurugan, Shanmugam, Thandavamurthi etc.
Formerly Orathanadu Taluk was subdivided into 18 Nadus (group of villages), and the 18 Nadus had each a Nattamai. If there occurred any quarrel that the village was unable to regulate by itself, the issue was passed onto and the judgement given by the Nattamai. Among the Nadus were Papanadu, Uranthainadu, Vellur Nadu, Konur Nadu, Kakkarai Nadu, Thennamar Nadu etc. one of the Famous Church is there, St Xavier church at vellur, It's Contrcted by Father Gringal . It is Oldest church in Virudhunagar District .
It takes about 55 minutes by bus from Thanjavur and 35 minutes from Pattukkottai to reach the borough; one route goes from it to Vadachery covering the distance of 15 kilometers through Thirumangalakkottai. The village is located about 352 kilometers away from the state capital Chennai and 80 kilometers from Tiruchirapalli.
Ethnically all the people of the borough are Tamilians. At the 2001 census, Vellur had a total population of 2587 with 1297 males and 1290 females. The sex ratio was 995. The literacy rate was 71.48. Most peoples belong to the Kallar Community: Athiyaman, Kandiyar, Vijayathevar and Nattar,poyuntar. The Yadava people also lives at Edatheru.
Places of interest
Vellur start from Periyakumulai, within 1 km you can see Pillaiyar Kovil in Periyakumilai Street. If you drive//walk further 2 km you can see great Mariamman Kovil and School. There was a famous Siva temple in Vellore by the name of Avudayar koil which now is demolished. Since then the main deity in this village has been Avudayar Sri Muthumariyamman. Among other sights are Manora, an eight-storied miniature fortress near the silent bay of Bengal; Pattukkottai Nadiyamman temple, Orathanadu Kasi Viswanathar temple, and Urantharayan kudikadu Periya koil.
Vellur village has several temples including Sivan, Vinayaga, Sri Muthu Mariyamman, and Ayyanar AND MUNINESWARAN. Every year in the Tamil month of Chithrai the people of the village are celebrating the Car festival with full co-ordination.
- District Hand Book Kannur
- "Primary Census Abstract - Census 2001". Directorate of Census Operations-Tamil Nadu.