Vexillum exasperatum

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Vexillum (Costellaria) exasperatum
Vexillum exasperatum 01.JPG
Vexillum (Costellaria) exasperatum
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
(unranked): clade Caenogastropoda
clade Hypsogastropoda
clade Neogastropoda
Superfamily: Muricoidea
Family: Costellariidae
Genus: Vexillum
Subgenus: Costellaria
Species: V. exasperatum
Binomial name
Vexillum (Costellaria) exasperatum
(Gmelin, 1791)
  • Mitra arenosa Lamarck, 1811Mitra corrugata Wood, S.V., 1828
  • Mitra exasperata (Gmelin, 1791)
  • Mitra exasperata var. hadfieldi Melvill & Standen, 1895
  • Mitra torulosa Lamarck, J.B.P.A. de, 1811
  • Mitra tunicula Deshayes, G.P. in Cuvier, G.L.C.F.D., 1838
  • Mitra transenna Melvill, J.C., 1888
  • Turricula exasperata Gmelin
  • Vexillum (Costellaria) angelettii Ferrario, 1995
  • Vexillum (Costellaria) hadfieldi Melvill, J.C. & R. Standen, 1895
  • Vexillum (Costellaria) ochracea Hervier, R.P.J., 1897
  • Vexillum (Costellaria) pasithea Melvill, J.C. & R. Standen, 1901
  • Vexillum (Costellaria) candida Dautzenberg, Ph. & J.L. Bouge, 1923
  • Vexillum (Costellaria) exusta Dautzenberg, Ph. & J.L. Bouge, 1923
  • Vexillum (Costellaria) michaelis Iredale, T., 1929

Vexillum (Costellaria) exasperatum, common name : the Roughened Mitre, is a species of small sea snail, marine gastropod mollusk in the family Costellariidae, the ribbed miters.[1]

This species is sometimes spelled as Vexillum exasperata [2]


The shell size varies between 10 mm and 29 mm


This species is distributed in the Red Sea, in the Indian Ocean along Chagos Atoll, Madagascar, the Mascarene Basin and Tanzania, and in the Pacific Ocean along the Philippines, Fiji, New Caledonia and the Solomons Islands.


  1. ^ a b Vexillum (Costellaria) exasperatum (Gmelin, 1791).  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 6 December 2010.
  2. ^ Drivas, J. & M. Jay (1988). Coquillages de La Réunion et de l'île Maurice
  • Odhner, N.H.J. (1919). Contribution a la faune malacologique de Madagascar. Arkiv For Zoologi, K. Svenska Vetenskapsakademien 12(6). 52 pp, 4 pl.
  • Dautzenberg, Ph. (1929). Mollusqués testaces marins de Madagascar. Faune des Colonies Francaises, Tome III
  • Spry, J.F. (1961). The sea shells of Dar es Salaam: Gastropods. Tanganyika Notes and Records 56
  • Drivas, J. & M. Jay (1988). Coquillages de La Réunion et de l'île Maurice
  • Turner H. 2001. Katalog der Familie Costellariidae Macdonald, 1860. Conchbooks. 1-100 page(s): 16

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