Vicosoprano

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Vicosoprano
Former municipality of Switzerland
Vicosoprano
Vicosoprano
Coat of arms of Vicosoprano
Coat of arms
Vicosoprano is located in Switzerland
Vicosoprano
Vicosoprano
Vicosoprano is located in Canton of Graubünden
Vicosoprano
Vicosoprano
Coordinates: 46°21′N 9°37′E / 46.350°N 9.617°E / 46.350; 9.617Coordinates: 46°21′N 9°37′E / 46.350°N 9.617°E / 46.350; 9.617
Country Switzerland
Canton Graubünden
District Maloja
Area
 • Total 54.01 km2 (20.85 sq mi)
Elevation 1,067 m (3,501 ft)
Population
 • Total 445
 • Density 8.2/km2 (21/sq mi)
Postal code 7603
SFOS number 3776
Surrounded by Bondo, Soglio, Stampa, Val Masino (IT-SO)
Website
SFSO statistics

Vicosoprano is a former municipality in the district of Maloja in the Swiss canton of Graubünden, and is the largest village in the Val Bregaglia. It's now part of the municipality of Bregaglia.

History[edit]

Vicosoprano is first mentioned in 1096 as Vicus Supranus.[1]

Geography[edit]

Casaccia village, part of Vicosoprano
Mera river in Vicosoprano

Vicosoprano has an area, as of 2006, of 54 km2 (21 sq mi). Of this area, 8.6% is used for agricultural purposes, while 25.6% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 1% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (64.7%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[2]

The municipality is located in the Bergell sub-district of the Maloja district. It is the largest municipality of the Bergell sub-district. It consists of the village of Vicosoprano (elev. 1,067 m (3,501 ft)) and the hamlets of Roticcio und Pongello. In 1971 the settlement of Casaccia joined Vicosoprano.

On 1 January 2010 the municipalities of Bondo, Castasegna, Soglio, Stampa, and Vicosoprano merged into a new municipality, Bregaglia.[3]

Demographics[edit]

Vicosoprano has a population (as of 2008) of 445, of which 9.7% are foreign nationals.[4] Over the last 10 years the population has decreased at a rate of -10.2%.[2]

As of 2000, the gender distribution of the population was 48.4% male and 51.6% female.[5] The age distribution, as of 2000, in Vicosoprano is; 67 children or 15.6% of the population are between 0 and 9 years old. 34 teenagers or 7.9% are 10 to 14, and 14 teenagers or 3.3% are 15 to 19. Of the adult population, 39 people or 9.1% of the population are between 20 and 29 years old. 55 people or 12.8% are 30 to 39, 82 people or 19.1% are 40 to 49, and 42 people or 9.8% are 50 to 59. The senior population distribution is 33 people or 7.7% of the population are between 60 and 69 years old, 38 people or 8.9% are 70 to 79, there are 18 people or 4.2% who are 80 to 89, and there are 7 people or 1.6% who are 90 to 99.[4]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SVP which received 64.6% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SP (18.9%), the FDP (14.3%) and the CVP (2.1%).[2]

The entire Swiss population is generally well educated. In Vicosoprano about 66.7% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either University or a Fachhochschule).[2]

Vicosoprano has an unemployment rate of 0.96%. As of 2005, there were 24 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 11 businesses involved in this sector. 130 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 15 businesses in this sector. 89 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 19 businesses in this sector.[2]

The historical population is given in the following table:[1]

year population
1850 383
1900 417
1950 415
1960 568a
1970 387
2000 429
^a Population increase during construction of the dam at Albigna.

Languages[edit]

Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks Italian (80.7%), with German being second most common (12.8%) and Romansh being third ( 4.2%).[2] The majority of the population speaks the local dialect of Lombard .

Languages in Vicosoprano
Languages Census 1980 Census 1990 Census 2000
Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
German 43 10.83% 41 10.43% 55 12.82%
Romansh 8 2.02% 16 4.07% 18 4.20%
Italian 342 86.15% 329 83.72% 346 80.65%
Population 397 100% 393 100% 429 100%

Weather[edit]

Vicosoprano has an average of 111.4 days of rain per year and on average receives 1,492 mm (58.7 in) of precipitation. The wettest month is May during which time Vicosoprano receives an average of 185 mm (7.3 in) of precipitation. During this month there is precipitation for an average of 13.3 days. The driest month of the year is February with an average of 72 mm (2.8 in) of precipitation over 13.3 days.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Vicosoprano in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  2. ^ a b c d e f Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 19-Oct-2009
  3. ^ Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz published by the Swiss Federal Statistical Office (German) accessed 23 September 2009
  4. ^ a b Graubunden Population Statistics (German) accessed 21 September 2009
  5. ^ Graubunden in Numbers (German) accessed 21 September 2009
  6. ^ "Temperature and Precipitation Average Values-Table, 1961-1990" (in German, French, and Italian). Federal Office of Meteorology and Climatology - MeteoSwiss. Retrieved 8 May 2009. , the weather station elevation is 1075 meters above sea level.

External links[edit]