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Vida Movahed

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Vida Movahed
Vida Movahed

1985 (age 38–39)
Tehran, Iran
  • Women's right activist
Years activeSince 2018
Known forLeading protests against the compulsory hijab in Iran.

Vida Movahed (Persian: ویدا موحدی; born 1985 in Tehran[1]), more commonly known as Vida Movahed,[2] is an Iranian human rights activist, protester, and women's rights activist who is considered the initiator of the Girls of Enghelab movement. On December 27, 2017, on the Enghelab Street in Tehran, she symbolically took her white headscarf off to protest against the mandatory hijab in Iran. Subsequently, her picture was published as "The Girl of Enghelab Street".[3][4][5][6][7][8]

The first protest[edit]

On December 27, 2017, Vida Movahed removed her headscarf and stood on a utility box to protest against the mandatory hijab while moving her headscarf, which was tied to a stick. She was immediately arrested. On January 27, she was released after spending a month in custody.[9]

The second protest[edit]

On October 29, 2018, Movahed held a number of balloons and went to the top of the turquoise dome of the Enghelab square to protest against the compulsory hijab. Subsequently, she was arrested again and sentenced to one year in prison for the crime of encouraging people to commit corruption and prostitution through the removal of the hijab.[2][10][11][12]

The original utility box that Vida Movahed and other protesters stood on top of, located in the Enghelab–Vesal Junction in Tehran. It has since been altered by the government to prevent protesters from standing on its top.


  1. ^ Radio Zamaneh (17 October 2022). "ویدا موحد آزاد شد". Radio Zamaneh. Retrieved 9 December 2022.
  2. ^ a b United4Iran (17 October 2022). "Vida Movahed". United4Iran. Retrieved 9 December 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  3. ^ BBC Persian (27 May 2019). "ویدا موحد اولین دختر خیابان انقلاب آزاد شد". BBC Persian. Retrieved 9 December 2022.
  4. ^ Radio Farda (1 May 2019). "آمریکا سرکوب فعالان حقوق زنان در ایران را به شدت محکوم کرد". Radio Farda. Retrieved 9 December 2022.
  5. ^ The Times (26 January 2018). "Iranian protester Vida Movahed, who made speech without a veil in Tehran, goes missing". The Times. Retrieved 9 December 2022.
  6. ^ Washington Post (3 October 2022). "Iranian women have been protesting mandatory hijab for decades". The Washington Post. Retrieved 9 December 2022.
  7. ^ The Wall Street Journal (20 October 2022). "Listening to Women in Revolutionary Tehran". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 9 December 2022.
  8. ^ Time (7 December 2022). "Heroes of the year 2022: Women of Iran". Time. Retrieved 9 December 2022.
  9. ^ Iran International (28 May 2019). "دختر خیابان انقلاب آزاد شد". Iran International. Retrieved 9 December 2022.
  10. ^ BBC Persian (January 24, 2022). "ویدا موحد به یک‌سال زندان محکوم شد". BBC Persian. Retrieved 9 December 2022.
  11. ^ VOA Farsi (April 14, 2019). "ویدا موحد، اولین دختر خیابان انقلاب به یکسال حبس محکوم شد". VOA Farsi. Retrieved 9 December 2022.
  12. ^ RFERL (14 April 2019). "Iconic Iranian Antihijab Protester Jailed For One Year; Human Rights Lawyer's 13-Year Sentence Upheld". Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. Retrieved 9 December 2022.

See also[edit]