Vijaya Raghunatha Tondaiman
|Vijaya Raghunatha Tondaiman|
|Raja of Pudukkottai|
|Reign||December 30, 1789 - February 1, 1807|
|Predecessor||Raya Raghunatha Tondaiman|
|Successor||Vijaya Raghunatha Raya Tondaiman II|
Pudukkottai, Pudukkottai state
|Died||1 February 1807 (aged 47)
|Father||Thirumalai Raya Tondaiman|
Raja Sri Vijaya Raghunatha Tondaiman Bahadur (c May 1759 – 1 February 1807) was the ruler of the pudukottai village from 30 December 1789 to 1 February 1807.
Vijaya Raghunatha Tondaiman was born in May 1759 to Thirumalai Raya Tondaiman Sahib and was educated privately.
Vijaya Raghunatha Tondaiman succeeded to the throne on the death of his first cousin, Raya Raghunatha Tondaiman, the Raja of Pudukkottai without any male heirs. Vijaya Raghunatha's reign was a period of incessant wars in South India. Vijaya Raghunatha supported the British in the wars and in return for his services, he was given the title "Raja Bahadur" by Muhammed Ali Khan Wallajah, the Nawab of the Carnatic on 17 October 1796. Vijaya Raghunatha played a pivotal role in Polygar Wars leading to the capture and arrest of Veerapandiya Kattabomman and his brother Oomaithurai by the British. The British recognized his services by handing him the territory of Kilanilai in 1803.
The Thanjavur Maratha kingdom was annexed by the British East India Company in 1799, followed by the Ramnad and Sivaganga kingdoms which were reduced to the status of zamindari estates. The annexation of the Carnatic kingdom in 1801 made the British East India Company, the paramount power in South India. Pudukkottai was allowed to remain independent in recognition of the services the Tondaiman kings had rendered to the company.