Veerapandiya Kattabomman

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{(Veerapandiya Kattabomma Nayakkar})
Palaiyakkarar of Panchalankurichi
Veerapandiya Kattabomman 1999 stamp of India.jpg
Veerapandiya Kattabomman on a 1999 stamp
Reign{(Kattabomman Seemai}}
SuccessorBritish Rule in India
Born3 January 1760
Panchalankurichi, Tamil Nadu, India
Died16 October 1799 (aged 39)
Kayathar,Tamil Nadu, India
SpouseJakkammal[citation needed]
DynastyPoligar under Nayaks
FatherJagaveera Kattabomma Nayakar[citation needed]
MotherArumugathammal[citation needed]

Maveeran Veerapandiya Kattabomma Nayakar (a.k.a.[1][2][3] was an 18th-century Nayakar king and chieftain from Panchalankurichi in Tamil Nadu, he was one of the Heirlooms of Mamannar Thirumalai nayakar of Madurai,. He refused to accept the sovereignty of the British East India Company and waged a Great war against them. He was captured by the Coward British with the help of the ruler of the kingdom of Pudukottai, Vijaya Raghunatha Tondaiman, and was hanged at Kayathar on 16 October 1799.[4]{(other later Tamil Freedom fighters were Made Veerapandiya Kattabomma nayakar}}as their Inspiration.

There are various traditional stories told of Kattabomman that tend to glorify his valour and his Great nayakar kingdom. He was a Nayakar(The leader), a large group of Fearless caste race and Telugu and Tamil-speaking castes which includes families who claim to have moved south to settle in the arid Tirunelveli region after the collapse of the Nayak-controlled Great Vijayanagara Empire in 1565. They had previously had some prominence in the imperial court and may have been adept at farming in dry conditions, although it is also possible that they had no choice but to settle where they did because the other significant community of Tirunelveli – the Maravars– had already occupied the more favourable areas.Veerapandiya kattabomma nayakar was one of the Bravest Kings of the Rajakambalatar caste, Belongs with the other Brother Naicker caste communities " Kammavar Nayakars and Gavara naidus.[5]"

The Tamil language film Veerapandiya Kattabomman, starring Sivaji Ganesan, is based on his life.[6]

Legacy[edit]

Kattabomman memorial at Kayathar

The historian Susan Bayly says that Kattabomman is considered a Robin Hood-like figure in local folklore and is the subject of several traditional narrative ballads in the kummi verse form. The site of his execution at Kayathar has become a "powerful local shrine" and at one time sheep were sacrificed there.[7] The Government of Tamil Nadu maintains a memorial at Kayathar and the remnants of the old fort at Panchalankurichi is protected by the Archaeological Survey of India.[8][9] In 2006, the Tirunelveli district administration organised a festival at Panchalankurichi on his birth anniversary.[10]

To commemorate the bicentenary of Kattabomman’s hanging, the Government of India released a postal stamp in his honour on 16 October 1999.[11] The Indian Navy communications centre at Vijayanarayanam is named INS Kattabomman.[12]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Narwekar, Sanjit (1994). Directory of Indian film-makers and films. ISBN 9780948911408.
  2. ^ "Glimpse into history". The Hindu. 20 July 2011. Retrieved 5 March 2018.
  3. ^ "Metro Plus Vijayawada". The Hindu. 22 January 2005. Retrieved 5 March 2018.
  4. ^ Yang, Anand A. (November 2007). "Bandits and Kings: Moral Authority and Resistance in Early Colonial India". The Journal of Asian Studies. 66 (4): 881–896. JSTOR 20203235. (Subscription required (help)).
  5. ^ Dirks, Nicholas B. (1987). The Hollow Crown: Ethnohistory of an Indian Kingdom. Cambridge University Press. pp. 60–70, 174. ISBN 0-521-32604-4.
  6. ^ Guy, Randor (9 May 2015). "Veera Pandya Kattabomman 1959". The Hindu. Retrieved 20 February 2017.
  7. ^ Bayly, Susan (1989). Saints, Goddesses and Kings: Muslims and Christians in South Indian society, 1700–1900. Cambridge University Press. p. 207. ISBN 978-0-521-37201-5.
  8. ^ "Tourism in Thoothukudi district". Government of Tamil Nadu.
  9. ^ "Jayalalithaa inaugurates memorial for Veerapandia Kattaboman". The Hindu. 19 June 2015.
  10. ^ "Kattabomman festival celebrated". The Hindu. 14 May 2006. Retrieved 4 March 2018.
  11. ^ "Tamilnadu postal circle — stamps". Tamil Nadu post.
  12. ^ "INS Kattabomman". Global security.

Further reading[edit]