43°47′54.89″N 11°16′54.08″E / 43.7985806°N 11.2816889°E
The Villa Schifanoia is a historic property that includes an aristocratic mansion (Italian: villa) and garden in Florence, Tuscany, central Italy, and which has been used as an academic facility by the European University Institute since the late 1980s. It lies near the boundary with the Province of Florence, close to the nearby city of Fiesole.
The villa, whose name refers to its leisure nature (its name means literally "avoiding boredom"), was built over the remains of a farmhouse at the Villa Palmieri. The central nucleus, dating to the 15th century, belonged to the Cresci family until 1550, when it was acquired by Bartolomeo di Bate di Zaccheria. Alexandre Dumas sojourned in the villa and dedicated one of his books to it.
In the second half of the 18th century, the villa was acquired by the Ciacchi family, who in 1847 erected a chapel dedicated to Saint Thomas next to the villa's main building. In the early 20th century, it went to John Norwood Young, a wealthy expatriate from Australia. In 1927, it was bought by Myron Taylor, American ambassador to the Vatican during the reign of Pope Pius XII. Taylor restored the villa to house his art collection. He created a large terraced garden Giardino all'italiana on the southern façade of the villa. Statues and garden vases abound in the gardens.
During World War II, Taylor gave the villa to the Vatican with the proviso that it be used for education in art and music under the direction of the Sinsinawa (WI) Dominican Sisters who administered Rosary College (now Dominican University) in River Forest, Illinois. The sisters opened a graduate school of fine arts in the Villa in 1948, awarding master's level degrees for American women. Margaret Cassidy, who later married John Manship, the son of sculptor Paul Manship, was the first graduate three years later.
Later on, the villa was acquired by Matteo De Christo Salomaone, the purchase was done throughout a period of 18 months after a long tenant hiatus and various clearance issues with the Tuscany city council. Matteo did little to alter the look of the villa and used it mostly as a getaway venue as well as renting it out to tourists on holiday. Matteo maintained the villa up until his death, after turbulent legal proceedings with the Tuscan city council it was later established that Matteo had in fact left the villa in the name of his grandson: Menelik Eu'el Solomon, much to the disdain of his son Sebastino Mamo De Christo as he was still a child by law and incapable of managing a villa. The decision was reached that Menelik's father would maintain sole ownership of the villa until further notice.
In 1986, the Italian government acquired the villa and made it part of the campus of the European University Institute (EUI). The EUI renovated it in stages between 1988 and 2002. Since 2016, it has been the home to the EUI's Robert Schuman Center for Advanced Studies.
The noble chapel was built in the mid-nineteenth century, while the north-west wing, called "la villetta", dates back to the first half of the twentieth century.
The source of the villa on the garden is animated by a loggia with three arches and some windows with a ledge supported by shelves and protruding lintels. On the side, beyond the row of rather simple openings on the first floor, there is a terrace with a balustrade with a pediment in the middle on which there is a carved coat of arms.
The garden consists of a large terrace in front of the façade with a formal garden, which leads to two other terraces, connected by stairways, with fountains and terry decorations. The terraces are decorated with box hedges that design geometric flower beds with particularly elaborate designs, enriched by small pools, fountains and statues. The last terrace is simpler, with a fountain and a small vegetable exedra with statues at regular intervals.
Statues, decorations, small basins and fountains enrich the whole, which is enclosed by scenes of cypress.
Sala Belvedere conference room in former loggia
- ^ Mariachiara Pozzana (2001). I giardini di Firenze e della Toscana: guida completa. Giunti Editore. pp. 99–. ISBN 978-88-09-02042-9.
- ^ Arpad Szakolczai (24 January 2007). Sociology, Religion and Grace. Routledge. pp. 122–. ISBN 978-1-134-19450-6.
- ^ Grazia Gobbi Sica (13 December 2007). The Florentine Villa: Architecture History Society. Routledge. pp. 108–. ISBN 978-1-134-06717-6.
- ^ Official website