Villages of the People's Republic of China
|Alternative Chinese name|
|Second alternative Chinese name|
|This article is part of a series on|
|Administrative divisions of China|
Administrative division codes
Villages (Chinese: 村; pinyin: Cūn), formally village-level divisions (村级行政区; Cūn Jí Xíngzhèngqū) in China, serve as a fundamental organizational unit for its rural population (census, mail system). Basic local divisions like neighborhoods and communities are not informal like in the West, but have defined boundaries and designated heads (one per area). In 2000, China's densely populated villages (>100 persons/square km) had a population greater than 500 million and covered more than 2 million square kilometers, or more than 20% of China's total area.
Types of villages
- Residential community (simplified Chinese: 社区; traditional Chinese: 社區; pinyin: shèqū)
- Urban village (Chinese: 城中村; pinyin: chéngzhōngcūn) one that spontaneously and naturally exists within urban area, which is not an administrative division.
- Administrative village or Village (Chinese: 行政村 or 村; pinyin: xíngzhèngcūn or cūn)
- Gaqa (Chinese: 嘎查; pinyin: gāchá) only for Inner Mongolia.
- Ethnic village (Chinese: 民族村; pinyin: mínzúcūn) only for village populated by Ethnic minority.
- Natural village (Chinese: 自然村; pinyin: zìráncūn) one that spontaneously and naturally exists within rural area, which is not an administrative division.
- Ellis, E.C. (2004). DeFries, R. S.; Asner, G. P.; Houghton, R. A., eds. "Ecosystems and Land Use Change" Long-term ecological changes in the densely populated rural landscapes of China (PDF). Geophysical Monographs (Washington, D.C.: American Geophysical Union) 153: 303–320.
- Joseph Esherick; Mary Backus Rankin; Joint Committee on Chinese Studies (U.S.) (1990). Chinese Local Elites and Patterns of Dominance. University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-06763-9.
- Roxann Prazniak (1 January 1999). Of Camel Kings and Other Things: Rural Rebels Against Modernity in Late Imperial China. Rowman & Littlefield. ISBN 978-0-8476-9007-7.