National Central City
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|National Central City|
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National Central Cities (simplified Chinese: 国家中心城市; traditional Chinese: 國家中心城市; pinyin: Guójiā Zhōngxīn Chéngshì) are a group of cities in China charged with leading, developing, and performing tasks in politics, economics, and culture. The concept was proposed by the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development of the People's Republic of China in 2005 as a first step in reforming urbanization in China.
In February 2010, the ministry issued the "National Urban System Plan" and designated five major cities, Beijing and Tianjin in the Bohai Economic Rim, Shanghai in the Yangtze River Delta Economic Zone, Guangzhou in the Pearl River Delta Economic Zone, and Chongqing in the West Triangle Economic Zone as the National Central Cities. In May 2016, Chengdu was announced to be the sixth National Central City by the government. In December the same year, Wuhan and Zhengzhou were also added to the list of National Central Cities. In 2018 Xi'an became the ninth National Central City of China.
The National Central Cities sphere of influence have great impact around the surrounding cities on modernizing and integrating services in fields such as infrastructure, finance, public education, social welfare, sanitation, business licensing and urban planning.
List of the National Central Cities
|Division||Hanzi (S) & Pinyin||Total GDP
|Beijing||北京; Běijīng||$443.8 billion||$20,446.58||18.76 million||16,411||1,323||21.70 million||Bohai Economic Rim||North||List|
|Tianjin||天津; Tiānjīn||$294.7 billion||$19,452||12.91 million||11,920||1,306||15.57 million||Bohai Economic Rim||North||List|
|Shanghai||上海; Shànghǎi||$477.63 billion||$19,750.5||21.21 million||6,341||3,813.8||24.18 million||Yangtze River Delta Economic Zone||East||List|
|Chongqing (Districts)||重庆; Chóngqìng||$309.1 billion||$9,433||19.71 million||82,400||373.2||30.75 million||West Triangle Economic Zone||Southwest||List|
|Chengdu||成都; Chéngdū||$220.2 billion||$13,831.98||11.54 million||14,312||1,121||16.05 million||West Triangle Economic Zone||Southwest||List|
|Guangzhou||广州; Guǎngzhōu||$341 billion||$22,317||12.49 million||7,434||1,950.2||14.50 million||Pearl River Delta Economic Zone||South||List|
|Wuhan||武汉; Wǔhàn||$212.6 billion||$19,627.7||8.72 million||8,494||1,282||10.89 million||Yangtze River Midstream Economic Zone||Central|
|Zhengzhou||郑州; Zhèngzhōu||$144.7 billion||$14,276.13||7.14 million||7,446||1,327||9.88 million||Zhongyuan Economic Zone||Central|
|Xi'an||西安; Xī'ān||$118.4 billion||$12,055.41||5.9 million||10,135||893.6||9.06 million||West Triangle Economic Zone||Northwest|
- List of Chinese municipalities and prefecture-level cities by GDP
- List of Chinese municipalities and prefecture-level divisions by GDP per capita
- List of cities in the People's Republic of China by urban population
- List of province-level capitals and sub-provincial cities in the People's Republic of China
- 国家中心城市数量或为12个，入选标准有哪些？. People's Daily (in Chinese). 2017-02-21.