National Central City

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National Central City
Simplified Chinese国家中心城市
Traditional Chinese國家中心城市

National Central Cities (simplified Chinese: 国家中心城市; traditional Chinese: 國家中心城市; pinyin: Guójiā Zhōngxīn Chéngshì) are a group of cities in China charged with leading, developing, and performing tasks in politics, economics, and culture. The concept was proposed by the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development of the People's Republic of China in 2005 as a first step in reforming urbanization in China.

In February 2010, the ministry issued the "National Urban System Plan" and designated five major cities, Beijing and Tianjin in the Bohai Economic Rim, Shanghai in the Yangtze River Delta Economic Zone, Guangzhou in the Pearl River Delta Economic Zone, and Chongqing in the West Triangle Economic Zone as the National Central Cities. In May 2016, Chengdu was announced to be the sixth National Central City by the government. In December the same year, Wuhan and Zhengzhou were also added to the list of National Central Cities. In 2018 Xi'an became the ninth National Central City of China.

The National Central Cities sphere of influence have great impact around the surrounding cities on modernizing and integrating services in fields such as infrastructure, finance, public education, social welfare, sanitation, business licensing and urban planning.

List of the National Central Cities[edit]

Division Hanzi (S) & Pinyin Total GDP
(2017 USD)
Per capita
(2017 USD)
Urban Population
(2017)
Area
(km2)
Density
(/km2)
Municipal Population
(2017)
Economic Zone Region Subdivisions
Beijing 北京; Běijīng $443.8 billion $20,446.58 18.76 million 16,411 1,323 21.70 million Bohai Economic Rim North List
Tianjin 天津; Tiānjīn $294.7 billion $19,452 12.91 million 11,920 1,306 15.57 million Bohai Economic Rim North List
Shanghai 上海; Shànghǎi $477.63 billion $19,750.5 21.21 million 6,341 3,813.8 24.18 million Yangtze River Delta Economic Zone East List
Chongqing (Districts) 重庆; Chóngqìng $309.1 billion $9,433 19.71 million 82,400 373.2 30.75 million West Triangle Economic Zone Southwest List
Chengdu 成都; Chéngdū $220.2 billion $13,831.98 11.54 million 14,312 1,121 16.05 million West Triangle Economic Zone Southwest List
Guangzhou 广州; Guǎngzhōu $341 billion $22,317 12.49 million 7,434 1,950.2 14.50 million Pearl River Delta Economic Zone South List
Wuhan 武汉; Wǔhàn $212.6 billion $19,627.7 8.72 million 8,494 1,282 10.89 million Yangtze River Midstream Economic Zone Central
Zhengzhou 郑州; Zhèngzhōu $144.7 billion $14,276.13 7.14 million 7,446 1,327 9.88 million Zhongyuan Economic Zone Central
Xi'an 西安; Xī'ān $118.4 billion $12,055.41 5.9 million 10,135 893.6 9.06 million West Triangle Economic Zone Northwest

Gallery[edit]

National Central City is located in China
Beijing
Beijing
Tianjin
Tianjin
Shanghai
Shanghai
Chongqing
Chongqing
Chengdu
Chengdu
Guangzhou
Guangzhou
Wuhan
Wuhan
Zhengzhou
Zhengzhou
Xi'an
Xi'an
Location of National Central Cities of China

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 国家中心城市数量或为12个,入选标准有哪些?. People's Daily (in Chinese). 2017-02-21.