Vinyl bromide

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Vinyl bromide
Vinyl bromide.png
Names
IUPAC name
Bromoethene
Other names
Vinyl bromide, 1-Bromoethene, Bromoethylene, 1-Bromoethylene, Monobromoethene, Monobromoethylene, R1140 B1, UN 1085
Identifiers
593-60-2 N
EC number 209-800-6
Jmol-3D images Image
KEGG C19184 YesY
PubChem 11641
RTECS number KU8400000
Properties
C2H3Br
Molar mass 106.95 g/mol
Appearance Colorless gas
Odor pleasant[1]
Density 1.525 g/cm3 at boiling point (liquid)

1.4933 g/cm3 at 20 °C

Melting point −137.8 °C (−216.0 °F; 135.3 K)
Boiling point 15.8 °C (60.4 °F; 288.9 K)
Insoluble
log P 1.57
Vapor pressure 206.8 kPa at 37.8 °C
Hazards
Main hazards Toxic (T), Highly flammable (F+)
Safety data sheet See: data page
R-phrases R12, R20/21/22, R36/37/38, R45
S-phrases S45, S53
NFPA 704
Flammability code 4: Will rapidly or completely vaporize at normal atmospheric pressure and temperature, or is readily dispersed in air and will burn readily. Flash point below 23 °C (73 °F). E.g., propane Health code 2: Intense or continued but not chronic exposure could cause temporary incapacitation or possible residual injury. E.g., chloroform Reactivity code 1: Normally stable, but can become unstable at elevated temperatures and pressures. E.g., calcium Special hazards (white): no codeNFPA 704 four-colored diamond
Flash point 5 °C (41 °F; 278 K)
530 °C (986 °F; 803 K)
Explosive limits 9%-15%[1]
US health exposure limits (NIOSH):
none[1]
Ca[1]
N.D.[1]
Supplementary data page
Refractive index (n),
Dielectric constantr), etc.
Thermodynamic
data
Phase behaviour
solid–liquid–gas
UV, IR, NMR, MS
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
 YesY verify (what isYesY/N?)
Infobox references

Vinyl bromide is a simple vinyl halide. It is soluble in chloroform, ethanol, diethyl ether, tetrahydrofuran, acetone and benzene.

Uses[edit]

Vinyl bromide is used to manufacture bromopolymers and mainly polyvinyl bromide. Further it is used as an alkylation agent.

Safety precautions[edit]

Vinyl bromide is highly flammable liquid and reacts violently with oxidizers.

It is listed in List of IARC Group 2A carcinogens as a suspected human carcinogen.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]