Vinyl bromide

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Vinyl bromide
Vinyl bromide.png
Names
IUPAC name
Bromoethene
Other names
Vinyl bromide, 1-Bromoethene, Bromoethylene, 1-Bromoethylene, Monobromoethene, Monobromoethylene, R1140 B1, UN 1085
Identifiers
593-60-2 YesY
ChemSpider 11151 N
EC Number 209-800-6
Jmol 3D model Interactive image
KEGG C19184 YesY
PubChem 11641
RTECS number KU8400000
Properties
C2H3Br
Molar mass 106.95 g/mol
Appearance Colorless gas
Odor pleasant[1]
Density 1.525 g/cm3 at boiling point (liquid)

1.4933 g/cm3 at 20 °C

Melting point −137.8 °C (−216.0 °F; 135.3 K)
Boiling point 15.8 °C (60.4 °F; 288.9 K)
Insoluble
log P 1.57
Vapor pressure 206.8 kPa at 37.8 °C
Hazards
Main hazards Toxic (T), Highly flammable (F+)
Safety data sheet See: data page
R-phrases R12, R20/21/22, R36/37/38, R45
S-phrases S45, S53
NFPA 704
Flammability code 4: Will rapidly or completely vaporize at normal atmospheric pressure and temperature, or is readily dispersed in air and will burn readily. Flash point below 23 °C (73 °F). E.g., propane Health code 2: Intense or continued but not chronic exposure could cause temporary incapacitation or possible residual injury. E.g., chloroform Reactivity code 1: Normally stable, but can become unstable at elevated temperatures and pressures. E.g., calcium Special hazards (white): no codeNFPA 704 four-colored diamond
Flash point 5 °C (41 °F; 278 K)
530 °C (986 °F; 803 K)
Explosive limits 9%-15%[1]
US health exposure limits (NIOSH):
PEL (Permissible)
none[1]
REL (Recommended)
Ca[1]
IDLH (Immediate danger)
N.D.[1]
Supplementary data page
Refractive index (n),
Dielectric constantr), etc.
Thermodynamic
data
Phase behaviour
solid–liquid–gas
UV, IR, NMR, MS
N verify (what is YesYN ?)
Infobox references

Vinyl bromide is a simple vinyl halide. It is soluble in chloroform, ethanol, diethyl ether, tetrahydrofuran, acetone and benzene.

Uses[edit]

Vinyl bromide is used to manufacture bromopolymers and mainly polyvinyl bromide. Further it is used as an alkylation agent.

Safety precautions[edit]

Vinyl bromide is highly flammable liquid and reacts violently with oxidizers.

It is listed in List of IARC Group 2A carcinogens as a suspected human carcinogen.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]