Vishnyeva

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For the Russian ballerina, see Diana Vishneva.
Polish Catholic Church of Saint Mary in Vishnyeva

Vishnyeva (Belarusian: Ві́шнева, Višnieva; Lithuanian: Višnevas; Russian: Вишнево, Vishnevo; Polish: Wiszniew; Yiddish: וישנעווע‎, Vishneva) is an agrotown in Valozhyn Raion, Minsk Region, Belarus, near the border with Lithuania.

History[edit]

Holocaust memorial at the site of Vishnyeva Jewish cemetery

In 1921-39 the town was part of the Second Polish Republic as part of Nowogródek Voivodeship.

The population of Vishnyeva in 1907 numbered 2,650, of which 1,863 were Jews. However, the entire Jewish population has since disappeared. Most were killed by German soldiers during World War II.

On August 30, 1942 some 1,100 Jews from the town were killed by the SS. The remaining Jews were taken to the Ghetto in the nearby town of Valozhyn. A Jewish cemetery remains in the town. The survivors have emigrated.

People[edit]

Shimon Peres (standing, third from right) with his family, ca. 1930

The city was the birthplace of Shimon Peres, the former President of Israel, who emigrated to Mandatory Palestine with his family in 1934,[1][2] and Nahum Goldmann, founder and longtime president of the World Jewish Congress. The city was the place of death of Symon Budny.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "In Belarus, locals pay respects at Peres's childhood home". The Times of Israel. JTA. 28 September 2016. Retrieved 28 September 2016. 
  2. ^ Wohlgelernter, Elli (28 September 2016). "Shimon Peres, former president and veteran Israeli statesman, dies at 93". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 28 September 2016. 

External links[edit]


Coordinates: 54°8′N 26°14′E / 54.133°N 26.233°E / 54.133; 26.233