Visp District

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Visp

Bezirk Visp
District
Country  Switzerland
Canton Valais
CapitalVisp
Area
 • Total863.8 km2 (333.5 sq mi)
Population
 (2018)
 • Total28,454
 • Density33/km2 (85/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Municipalities19

The district of Visp (German: Bezirk Visp, French: District de Viège) is a district in the Canton of Valais in southern Switzerland. It has a population of 28,454 (as of 31 December 2018).[1]

Municipalities[edit]

It consists of the following municipalities:

Municipality Population
(31 December 2018)[1]
Area
km²
[2]
Baltschieder 1,328 31.44
Eisten 204 38.05
Embd 295 13.39
Grächen 1,251 14.32
Lalden 649 1.28
Randa 435 54.51
Saas-Almagell 370 110.22
Saas-Balen 347 30.18
Saas-Fee 1,564 40.6
Saas-Grund 1,000 24.55
St. Niklaus 2,239 89.23
Stalden 1,086 10.43
Staldenried 537 14.32
Täsch 1,322 58.72
Törbel 481 17.59
Visp 7,950 13.17
Visperterminen 1,345 51.62
Zeneggen 293 7.49
Zermatt 5,758 242.69
Total 28,454 863.8

Coat of arms[edit]

The blazon of the district coat of arms is Per pale Argent and Gules, two Lions rampant respectant counterchanged.[3]

Demographics[edit]

Visp has a population (as of December 2018) of 28,454.[1] Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (23,373 or 87.2%) as their first language, Portuguese is the second most common (853 or 3.2%) and Italian is the third (658 or 2.5%). There are 398 people who speak French and 12 people who speak Romansh.[4]

As of 2008, the gender distribution of the population was 49.8% male and 50.2% female. The population was made up of 10,909 Swiss men (39.4% of the population) and 2,881 (10.4%) non-Swiss men. There were 11,353 Swiss women (41.0%) and 2,528 (9.1%) non-Swiss women.[5] Of the population in the district 14,307 or about 53.3% were born in Visp and lived there in 2000. There were 5,434 or 20.3% who were born in the same canton, while 2,212 or 8.2% were born somewhere else in Switzerland, and 4,191 or 15.6% were born outside of Switzerland.[4]

As of 2000, there were 11,574 people who were single and never married in the district. There were 13,177 married individuals, 1,370 widows or widowers and 698 individuals who are divorced.[4]

There were 2,999 households that consist of only one person and 834 households with five or more people. Out of a total of 10,682 households that answered this question, 28.1% were households made up of just one person and there were 135 adults who lived with their parents. Of the rest of the households, there are 2,616 married couples without children, 3,826 married couples with children There were 478 single parents with a child or children. There were 193 households that were made up of unrelated people and 435 households that were made up of some sort of institution or another collective housing.[4]

The historical population is given in the following chart:[6]

Mergers and name changes[edit]

On 1 October 1972, Eyholz merged into the municipality of Visp. On 1 January 2007 the municipality of Saas Almagell changed its name to Saas-Almagell, the municipality of Saas Balen changed its name to Saas-Balen and the municipality of Saas Fee changed its name to Saas-Fee.[7]

Politics[edit]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the CVP which received 67.33% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SVP (14.7%), the SP (10.67%) and the FDP (5.51%). In the federal election, a total of 10,367 votes were cast, and the voter turnout was 56.8%.[8]

In the 2009 Conseil d'Etat/Staatsrat election a total of 10,034 votes were cast, of which 702 or about 7.0% were invalid. The voter participation was 55.2%, which is similar to the cantonal average of 54.67%.[9] In the 2007 Swiss Council of States election a total of 10,281 votes were cast, of which 350 or about 3.4% were invalid. The voter participation was 56.9%, which is similar to the cantonal average of 59.88%.[10]

Religion[edit]

From the 2000 census, 22,775 or 84.9% were Roman Catholic, while 1,156 or 4.3% belonged to the Swiss Reformed Church. Of the rest of the population, there were 495 members of an Orthodox church (or about 1.85% of the population), there were 7 individuals (or about 0.03% of the population) who belonged to the Christian Catholic Church, and there were 297 individuals (or about 1.11% of the population) who belonged to another Christian church. There were 6 individuals (or about 0.02% of the population) who were Jewish, and 613 (or about 2.29% of the population) who were Islamic. There were 24 individuals who were Buddhist, 3 individuals who were Hindu and 9 individuals who belonged to another church. 433 (or about 1.61% of the population) belonged to no church, are agnostic or atheist, and 1,136 individuals (or about 4.24% of the population) did not answer the question.[4]

Weather[edit]

Visp town has an average of 78.9 days of rain or snow per year and on average receives 599 mm (23.6 in) of precipitation. The wettest month is November during which time Visp receives an average of 70 mm (2.8 in) of rain or snow. During this month there is precipitation for an average of 7.2 days. The month with the most days of precipitation is August, with an average of 7.6, but with only 42 mm (1.7 in) of rain or snow. The driest month of the year is September with an average of 32 mm (1.3 in) of precipitation over 5.3 days.[11]

Education[edit]

In Visp about 9,778 or (36.5%) of the population have completed non-mandatory upper secondary education, and 1,962 or (7.3%) have completed additional higher education (either University or a Fachhochschule). Of the 1,962 who completed tertiary schooling, 65.1% were Swiss men, 18.1% were Swiss women, 9.8% were non-Swiss men and 6.9% were non-Swiss women.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB, online database – Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit (in German) accessed 23 September 2019
  2. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office-Land Use Statistics 2009 data (in German) accessed 25 March 2010
  3. ^ Flags of the World.com accessed 25-August-2011
  4. ^ a b c d e f STAT-TAB Datenwürfel für Thema 40.3 - 2000 Archived August 9, 2013, at the Wayback Machine (in German) accessed 2 February 2011
  5. ^ Ständige Wohnbevolkerung nach Geschlecht und Heimat am 31.12.2009.xls (in German) (in French) accessed 24 August 2011
  6. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB Bevölkerungsentwicklung nach Region, 1850-2000 Archived 2014-09-30 at the Wayback Machine (in German) accessed 29 January 2011
  7. ^ Nomenklaturen – Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz Archived 2015-11-13 at the Wayback Machine (in German) accessed 4 April 2011
  8. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office, Nationalratswahlen 2007: Stärke der Parteien und Wahlbeteiligung, nach Gemeinden/Bezirk/Canton (in German) accessed 28 May 2010
  9. ^ Staatsratswahlen vom 1. März 2009 (in German) accessed 24 August 2011
  10. ^ Ständeratswahl 2007 (in German) accessed 24 August 2011
  11. ^ "Temperature and Precipitation Average Values-Table, 1961-1990" (in German, French, and Italian). Federal Office of Meteorology and Climatology - MeteoSwiss. Archived from the original on 27 June 2009. Retrieved 8 May 2009., the Visp weather station elevation is 639 meters above sea level.

Coordinates: 46°17′N 7°52′E / 46.283°N 7.867°E / 46.283; 7.867