Kurdyumov served in the Red Army since 1918 in World War I and the Russian Civil War. He graduated from the Frunze Military Academy in 1925 and served as military attaché in the Baltic countries. From August 1931 Kurdyumov was a commander and commissar of the 25th Rifle Division.
During the Winter War, Kurdyumov was the Vice Commander of the Southern Group under the 8th Army from December 1939 and later the Vice Commander of the 15th Army. Kurdyumov was appointed as the Commander of the 15th Army on 25 February 1940. He was promoted as Lieutenant General in 1940. Kurdyumov was Red Army Director of Combat Training 1940–41. Later Kurdyumov served as Deputy Commander of Logistics of the Western Front, Deputy Commander of the Caucasian Front and Commander of North Caucasian and Siberia Military Districts in the second world war.
- Kilin, Juri; Raunio, Ari (2007). Talvisodan taisteluja (in Finnish). Karttakeskus. p. 322. ISBN 978-951-593-068-2.
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