Vladimir Triandafillov

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Vladimir Kiriakovitch Triandafillov
Vladimir Triandafillov.jpg
Vladimir Triandafillov
Born (1894-03-14)March 14, 1894
Kars, Russian Empire (today Turkey)
Died July 12, 1931(1931-07-12) (aged 37)
Soviet Union
Allegiance  Russian Empire (1914–1917)
 Soviet Union (1917–1931)
Years of service 1914–1931
Rank General
Commands held Red Army
Battles/wars World War I
Russian Civil War
Awards Order of the Red Banner

Vladimir Kiriakovitch Triandafillov (Russian: Влади́мир Кириа́кович Триандафи́ллов; 14 March 1894 – 12 July 1931) was a Soviet military commander and theoretician.


He was born on March 14, 1894, in Magaradzhik village in Kars Oblast, then in the Russian Empire (today in Mağaracık, Turkey) of Pontic Greek parents. The family name derives from triantáfyllo, τριαντάφυλλο, Modern Greek for the rose flower. His family had moved to Russia. Graduating from the Moscow Praporshchik School in 1915, he served in the Russian Army in World War I, earning the rank of captain. During the Russian Civil War, he rose in rank up to brigade commander while fighting on various fronts.[1] In 1923, he was appointed chief of the Operations Directions of the Soviet General Staff and Deputy Chief of the General Staff.

Vladimir Triandafillov was the author of two fundamental military doctrine works: Scale of the operations of modern armies, published in 1926 and Characteristics of the operations of the modern armies, published in 1929. In these two works, he elaborated his deep operations theory about the future warfare. The objective of a "deep operation" was to attack the enemy simultaneously throughout the depth of his ground force to induce a catastrophic failure in his defensive system.[2] Highly mobile formations would then exploit this failure by breaking into the deep rear of the enemy and destroying his ability to rebuild his defenses.

Vladimir Triandafillov was killed in an aircraft crash on July 12, 1931 and was buried in the Kremlin Wall Necropolis. The quality of his work was realised late during World War II, when Georgy Zhukov said that his success was due to closely following Triandafillov's deep operations doctrine.


  1. ^ B. J. C. McKercher; Michael A. Hennessey (1996). The Operational Art: Developments in the Theories of War. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 71. 
  2. ^ Allan R. Millett; Williamson Murray. A War to Be Won: Fighting the Second World War. Belknap Press. p. 20. 

Recommended reading[edit]

  • K.A. Zalessky, Stalin's empire (biographic dictionary), Moscow, Veche, 2000
  • Great Soviet Encyclopedia, Moscow, 1969 — 1978
  • Triandafillov, Vladimir, Kipp, Jacob W., (trans.), The Nature of the Operations of Modern Armies (Cass Series on the Soviet Study of War, 5), Routledge, 1st edition, 1994
Military offices
Preceded by
Boris Shaposhnikov
Chief of the Staff of the Red Army
May 1931 – 12 July 1931
Succeeded by
Alexander Yegorov