Vladimir Filatov

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Coin of Ukraine Filatov R.jpg

Vladimir Petrovich Filatov (Russian: Владимир Филaтoв, 15 [O.S. 27] February 1875, Mikhaylovka, Penza Governorate, Russian Empire - 30 October 1956, Odessa, Ukrainian SSR) was a Russian and Ukrainian ophthalmologist and surgeon best known for his development of tissue therapy. He introduced the tube flap grafting method, corneal transplantation and preservation of grafts from cadaver eyes. He founded the Institute of Eye Diseases & Tissue Therapy in Odessa, Soviet Union (today Ukraine). Filatov is also credited for restoring Vasily Zaytsev's sight when he suffered an injury to his eyes from a mortar attack during Battle of Stalingrad.

The tomb of Vladimir Filatov. 2nd Christian Cemetery in Odessa.
The tomb of Vladimir Filatov. 2nd Christian Cemetery in Odessa.

First corneal transplantation was attempted by Filatov on 28 February 1912, but the graft grew opaque. After numerous attempts over the course of many years, Filatov achieved a successful transplantation of cornea from a diseased person on 6 May 1931.[1]

The tombstone of Nadezhda Puchkovskaya. The Second Christian Cementery in Odessa.

After Filatov's death in 1956, his apprentice Nadezhda Pucjkovskaya leaded the Institute of Eye Diseases & Tissue Therapy in Odessa, which was renamed in honor of Filatov as The Filatov Institute of Eye Diseases & Tissue Therapy.

See also[edit]

  • Ramon Castroviejo - a Spanish contemporary of Filatov that was also a pioneer in corneal transplantation.
  • David Bushmich - an ophthalmologist under Filatov, worked closely with Dr. Poochkovskaya.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Vladimir Filatov, peoples.ru

External links[edit]