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Vozhd (Russian: Вождь, lit. 'leader, guide') is a Russian Church Slavonic loanword derived from the verb vesti (вести, meaning "to lead", "to guide").

In Russian it was often used in reference to the Soviet leaders such as Joseph Stalin or Lenin as Vozhd of the proletariat (Russian: Вождь пролетариата),[1] Vozhd of the Russian Communist Party (Russian: Вождь Российской Коммунистической Партии),[2][3] Vozhd of the World Revolution (Russian: Вождь мировой революции),[4] Vozhd of the Peoples (Russian: Вождь народов).[5]

In modern Russian, vozhd became exclusive for the Communist leaders or leaders of aboriginal tribes. The word is becoming somewhat obsolete and is being replaced[citation needed] by its English version, "leader". In German language is a counterpart of Führer.

Vozhd also has connotations to "master" in the Russian language, from the days of serfdom.[6]

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