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This vug in the Cascade Range is partially filled with quartz crystals.

A vug, vugh, or vugg (/vʌɡ/)[1] is a small- to medium-sized[quantify] cavity inside rock. It may be formed through a variety of processes. Most commonly, cracks and fissures opened by tectonic activity (folding and faulting) are partially filled by quartz, calcite, and other secondary minerals. Open spaces within breccias formed by an ancient collapse are another important source of vugs.[citation needed]

Vugs may also form when mineral crystals or fossils inside a rock matrix are later removed through erosion or dissolution processes, leaving behind irregular voids. The inner surfaces of such vugs are often coated with a crystal druse. Fine crystals are often found in vugs where the open space allows the free development of external crystal form.

The term vug is not applied to veins and fissures that have become completely filled, but may be applied to any small cavities within such veins. Geodes are a vug-formed rock, although that term is usually reserved for more rounded crystal-lined cavities in sedimentary rocks and ancient lavas.[2]

The word vug was introduced to the English language by Cornish miners, from the days when Cornwall was a major supplier of tin.[3] The Cornish word was vooga, which meant "cave".[3]


See also[edit]


  1. ^ "vug". The Free Dictionary. Farlex. Retrieved 17 April 2016.
  2. ^ Geology Buzz: Vug
  3. ^ a b The history of Cornwall, civil, military, religious, ... (Page 56), Richard Polwhele - 1816

External links[edit]

  • The dictionary definition of vug at Wiktionary