W2150AB

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W2150AB
WISE2150-7520-B2.jpg
Artist's impression of WISE2150AB. The colder secondary WISE2150B is seen in front of the image over the Milky Way. The primary W2150A is seen as a bright star to the right of W2150B.
Credit: SpaceEngine PRO, Kvasyrr
Observation data
Epoch J2000.0      Equinox J2000.0
Constellation Octans
W2150A
Right ascension  21h 50m 15.77173s[1]
Declination −75° 20′ 36.7277″[1]
Apparent magnitude (V)
W2150B
Right ascension  21h 50m 18.99792s[2]
Declination –75° 20′ 54.5964″[2]
Apparent magnitude (V)
Characteristics
Spectral type L1+T8[2]
Astrometry
Proper motion (μ) RA: 888.627 ± 0.502[1] mas/yr
Dec.: -298.234 ± 0.518[1] mas/yr
Parallax (π)41.3593 ± 0.2799[1] mas
Distance78.9 ± 0.5 ly
(24.2 ± 0.2 pc)
Details
W2150A
Mass72 ± 12[2] MJup
Radius1.03 ± 0.06[2] RJup
Luminosity-3.69 ± 0.01[2] L
Surface gravity (log g)5.2 ± 0.2[2] cgs
Temperature2118 ± 62[2] K
Age0.5 - 10[2] Gyr
W2150B
Mass34 ± 22[2] MJup
Radius0.95 ± 0.16[2] RJup
Luminosity-5.64 ± 0.02[2] L
Surface gravity (log g)4.9 ± 0.5[2] cgs
Temperature719 ± 61[2] K
Age0.5 - 10[2] Gyr
Position (relative to A)
ComponentB
Angular distance14.1 [2]
Observed separation
(projected)
341 AU [2]
Other designations
2MASS J21501592-7520367, WISE2150-7520AB, SIPS J2150-7520
Database references
SIMBADAB

WISE 2150-7520AB (W2150AB) is a binary brown dwarf 78.9 light-years distant from Earth in the southern constellation Octans. The system is a wide binary with a separation of 341 astronomical units. The primary of the system was discovered in 2005 as an infrared object with high proper motion[3] and in 2008 the primary was discovered to be an ultracool dwarf with a spectral typ of L.[4] The secondary in the system was discovered by volunteers of the citizen science project Backyard Worlds: Planet 9, using data from the Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE). The system was followed up by the project scientists with Magellan and Spitzer and a scientific paper describing the binary was published in the Astrophysical Journal in 2020.[2][5]

The system belongs to a few brown dwarf binaries that can be easily resolved by ground-based telescopes. Another example is SDSS J1416+1348.[2]

Brown dwarf system[edit]

The system consists out of a L1 primary with a mass of 72±12 MJ and a T8 secondary with a mass of 34±22 MJ. The brown dwarfs are separated by 341 astronomical units. Other brown dwarfs show a similar wide binary configuration, like Oph 162225-240515, but most of them are young or have a higher total mass. W2150AB is unusual as it does not show signs of youth. The age of the system was estimated between 0.5 and 10 billion years. The combination of low total mass and large separation results in a low gravitational binding energy for the system. The researchers compared the binding energy and the mass ratio of the system with other brown dwarf binaries and found 2M1101AB as a younger sibling. W2150AB must have formed like other brown dwarf binaries in a more crowded region and left this natal region surviving any interactions with nearby stars or giant molecular clouds that could easily perturb this pair, leaving only two single brown dwarfs.[2][5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Gaia Collaboration (2018-08-01). "Gaia Data Release 2 - Summary of the contents and survey properties". Astronomy & Astrophysics. 616: A1. arXiv:1804.09365. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201833051. ISSN 0004-6361.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t Faherty, Jacqueline K.; Goodman, Sam; Caselden, Dan; Colin, Guillaume; Kuchner, Marc J.; Meisner, Aaron M.; Gagné, Jonathan; Schneider, Adam C.; Gonzales, Eileen C.; Bardalez Gagliuffi, Daniella C.; Logsdon, Sarah E.; Allers, Katelyn; Burgasser, Adam J.; The Backyard Worlds Planet 9 Collaboration (February 2020). "WISE 2150-7520AB: A Very Low-mass, Wide Comoving Brown Dwarf System Discovered through the Citizen Science Project Backyard Worlds: Planet 9". ApJ. 889 (2): 176. Bibcode:2020ApJ...889..176F. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/ab5303. ISSN 0004-637X.
  3. ^ Deacon, N. R.; Hambly, N. C.; Cooke, J. A. (May 2005). "Southern infrared proper motion survey. I. Discovery of new high proper motion stars from first full hemisphere scan". A&A. 435 (1): 363–372. Bibcode:2005A&A...435..363D. doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20042002. ISSN 0004-6361.
  4. ^ Reid, I. Neill; Cruz, Kelle L.; Kirkpatrick, J. Davy; Allen, Peter R.; Mungall, F.; Liebert, James; Lowrance, Patrick; Sweet, Anne (September 2008). "Meeting the Cool Neighbors. X. Ultracool Dwarfs from the 2MASS All-Sky Data Release". AJ. 136 (3): 1290–1311. Bibcode:2008AJ....136.1290R. doi:10.1088/0004-6256/136/3/1290. ISSN 0004-6256.
  5. ^ a b "Two Co-Moving Brown Dwarfs Spotted 79 Light-Years Away | Astronomy | Sci-News.com". Breaking Science News | Sci-News.com. Retrieved 2020-02-11.

External Links[edit]