The Wadi is referenced in many early Islamic texts. Several military expeditions took place there during the time of the Islamic Prophet Muhammad. These include:
- the Expedition of Zaid ibn Haritha (Wadi al-Qura), where Muhammad sent Zayd ibn Haritha to survey the area and to monitor the movements of the enemies of Muhammad,
- the Second Expedition of Wadi al-Qura which Muhammad ordered to raid the inhabitants of Wadi al-Qura for revenge, because a number of Muslims were killed when they tried to raid the inhabitants previously, but failed.
- During the end of Muhammad's era the Third Expedition of Wadi al Qura was ordered, with the purpose of attacking the Jews of Wadi al-Qura to conquer their land
Recent discoveries of Geonic responsa have shown that there was a Jewish presence in Wadi al-Qura as late as the 11th century CE, and that they maintained correspondence with Rabbi Sherira Gaon and Rabbi Hai Gaon.
- Wensinck, AJ, "Kaynuka, banu", Encyclopaedia of Islam.
- Timothy Power, The Red Sea from Byzantium to the Caliphate: AD 500–1000 (I.B.Tauris, 2012) p115.
- Mubarakpuri, The Sealed Nectar, p. 206. (online)
- Mubarakpuri, The Sealed Nectar, p. 211. (online)
- William Muir, The Life of Mahomet (2003), p. 394.
- Mazuz, Haggai (2014). The Religious and Spiritual Life of the Jews of Medina. Koninklijke Brill. p. 100. Retrieved 2016-06-22.