Mafraq

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Mafraq City
مدينة المفرق
City
Mafraq city center
Mafraq city center
Mafraq City is located in Jordan
Mafraq City
Mafraq City
Coordinates: 32°20′24″N 36°12′19″E / 32.339939°N 36.205166°E / 32.339939; 36.205166Coordinates: 32°20′24″N 36°12′19″E / 32.339939°N 36.205166°E / 32.339939; 36.205166
Country Jordan
Province Mafraq Governorate
Founded 333 B.C.
Municipality established 1945
Government
 • Mayor Abdullah arqan
Area
 • City 14 km2 (5 sq mi)
 • Metro 128 km2 (49 sq mi)
Elevation 700 m (2,300 ft)
Population (2004)[1]
 • City 56,340
 • Metro 122,000
Time zone GMT +2
 • Summer (DST) +3 (UTC)
Area code(s) +(962)2
Website www.mafraq.gov.jo

Mafraq (Arabic: المفرقAl-Mafraq, local dialects: Mafrag or Mafra' , "crossroads") is the capital city of Mafraq Governorate in Jordan, located 80 km to the north from the capital Amman in crossroad to Syria to the north and Iraq to the east. It has 58,954 inhabitants (2000).[citation needed]

History[edit]

A residential neighborhood in Mafraq
A tank on display in the Martyrs Memorial in Mafraq
The historic city of Umm el-Jimal

Mafraq was first settled in the 4th century BC. It is located about 17 km west from the historic Nabataean and Byzantine town of Umm el-Jimal, which was built in the 1st century.

The city was first named "Fudain", which comes from the word Fortress in Arabic. The city gained a significant importance after the establishment of the Hejaz Railway connecting Istanbul to Medina. It was renamed to the current name Mafraq by the Ottoman Turks, which means 'Cross roads". Mafraq was also the location of a British military base and airport from the early 20th century. It later became the base for the Arab Legion during the 1948 Arab–Israeli War. In the year 1945, the Municipality of Mafraq was established with Ali Abdeyyah as its first mayor. During World War II, the city's military base hosted British troops from India, Australia, and other British colonies.

Mafraq is the capital of Mafraq Governorate and the headquarters of the Third Division of the Jordanian Army. King Hussein Air College and an air base of the Royal Jordanian Air Force are also located in the city.

As of 2016, 50% of the population of Mafraq is Syrian refugees.[2]

Geography[edit]

The city of Mafraq is located in northern Jordan at the boundary between the Hauran plateau and the Syrian Desert, about 80 km to the north from Amman. It is the capital and largest city of Mafraq Governorate. The city is at a close proximity to the three major cities in the region, Amman, to the south, Irbid to the west, and Damascus to the north.

Climate[edit]

In Mafraq, there is a local steppe climate. Most rain falls in the winter. The Köppen-Geiger climate classification is BSk. The average annual temperature in Mafraq is 16.6 °C (61.9 °F). About 184 mm (7.24 in) of precipitation falls annually.

Climate data for Mafraq
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 12.5
(54.5)
14.4
(57.9)
17.6
(63.7)
22.5
(72.5)
27.7
(81.9)
31.1
(88)
32.1
(89.8)
32.3
(90.1)
30.5
(86.9)
26.4
(79.5)
20.3
(68.5)
14.2
(57.6)
23.5
(74.2)
Average low °C (°F) 2.2
(36)
3.3
(37.9)
5.5
(41.9)
8.9
(48)
12.2
(54)
14.9
(58.8)
16.3
(61.3)
16.4
(61.5)
14.5
(58.1)
11.7
(53.1)
7.3
(45.1)
3.1
(37.6)
9.7
(49.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 41
(1.61)
37
(1.46)
31
(1.22)
11
(0.43)
3
(0.12)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
7
(0.28)
20
(0.79)
34
(1.34)
184
(7.24)
Source: Climate-Data.org,Climate data
Prisoners of war being escorted to the military base in Mafraq in 1948

Transport[edit]

The international highway that connects Damascus to Riyadh passes through the city. Mafraq is served by a station on the 1,050 mm (3 ft 5 1132 in) national railway system.

The train station in Mafraq

Education[edit]

Al al-Bayt University is the only university in the city. The university was established in 1992 and is located in the south-eastern outskirts of Mafraq city..[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]