Wappenham railway station

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Wappenham
Location
Place Wappenham and Slapton
Area South Northamptonshire
Grid reference SP635463
Operations
Original company Northampton and Banbury Junction Railway
Pre-grouping Stratford-upon-Avon and Midland Junction Railway
Post-grouping London, Midland and Scottish Railway
London Midland Region of British Railways
Platforms 1
History
1 June 1872[1] Opened
2 July 1951 Closed to passengers
29 October 1951[2] Goods facilities withdrawn
Disused railway stations in the United Kingdom
Closed railway stations in Britain
A B C D–F G H–J K–L M–O P–R S T–V W–Z
170433 at Edinburgh Waverley.JPG UK Railways portal

Wappenham was a railway station on the Stratford-upon-Avon and Midland Junction Railway (SMJ) which served the Northamptonshire village of Wappenham between 1872 and 1951. Serving a relatively rural area, the station saw considerable goods traffic generated by local farming communities, but passenger traffic was low which ultimately led to its closure. The station was among the first to close on the SMJ and marked the beginning of the years of decline of the line.

History[edit]

In August 1871, the Northampton and Banbury Junction Railway extended its line from Towcester to Helmdon.[3] A small wayside station was constructed in an isolated spot about a mile from the village of Wappenham from which it took its name. A single-platform was provided on the down side, with a single siding goods yard to the east. The siding was linked to the main line at each end, forming a loop which enabled the yard to be shunted by up or down trains. A symmetrical red brick station building crowned by two large chimneys, similar in style to those at Fairford and Alvescot on the East Gloucestershire Railway, was situated next to the platform and had a central door which led to the waiting room and a separate ladies' waiting room, as well as the ticket and parcels offices; staff accommodation was at the east end of the structure whilst the gentleman's toilets were at the opposite end.[4]

The station served as a useful railhead not only for Wappenham, but also the nearby villages of Slapton and Abthorpe, whose farming communities made use of it for hay and cattle traffic.[5] The station's siding was also of use to RAF Silverstone during the Second World War.[6] Passenger traffic was however sparse, Wappenham was only a small village of 383 people in 1901,[7] and it was one of the least successful in terms of passenger traffic on the line.[8] By the early 1950s, the limited services between Blisworth and Banbury were attracting very few passengers and this resulted in the line's closure to passengers from Monday 2 July 1951, the final trains running on the previous Saturday. Goods traffic continued for three more months.[9]

Routes[edit]

A 1911 Railway Clearing House map of railways in the vicinity of Wappenham
Preceding station Disused railways Following station
Helmdon Village   SMJR
Northampton and Banbury Junction Railway
  Towcester

Present day[edit]

The station buildings were demolished after closure and a sewage treatment works has been built on the former railway alignment.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Butt, R.V.J. (1995). The Directory of Railway Stations, Patrick Stephens Ltd, Sparkford, ISBN 1-85260-508-1, p. 241.
  2. ^ Clinker, C.R. (October 1978). Clinker's Register of Closed Passenger Stations and Goods Depots in England, Scotland and Wales 1830-1977. Bristol: Avon-AngliA Publications & Services. p. 141. ISBN 0-905466-19-5. 
  3. ^ Kingscott, Geoffrey (2008). Lost Railways of Northamptonshire (Lost Railways Series). Newbury, Berkshire: Countryside Books. p. 109. ISBN 978-1-84674-108-1. 
  4. ^ Jenkins, Stanley C. (1990). The Northampton & Banbury Junction Railway. Headington, Oxford: Oakwood Press. pp. 75–76. ISBN 0-85361-390-7. 
  5. ^ Riley, R.C.; Simpson, B. (1999). A History of the Stratford-upon-Avon & Midland Junction Railway. Witney, Oxon: Lamplight Publications. p. 91. ISBN 978-1-899246-20-5. 
  6. ^ Mitchell, Vic; Smith, Keith (November 2008). Branch Lines Around Towcester. Midhurst, West Sussex: Middleton Press. p. Plate XII. ISBN 978-1-906008-39-0. 
  7. ^ Mitchell, V. and Smith, K., plate XII.
  8. ^ Riley, R.C. and Simpson, B., p. 91.
  9. ^ Jenkins, S.C., p. 99.
  10. ^ Kingscott, G., p. 109.

Coordinates: 52°06′43″N 1°04′25″W / 52.111835°N 1.073678°W / 52.111835; -1.073678