|Coordinates||20°38′56″S 119°35′13″E / 20.649°S 119.587°E|
|Population||174 (2011 census)|
|Location||120 km (75 mi) SE of Port Hedland|
Warralong is a small Aboriginal community, located 120 kilometres (75 mi) south east of Port Hedland and 50 kilometres (31 mi) north of Marble Bar in the Pilbara region of Western Australia, within the Shire of East Pilbara. The community lies between the Shaw and De Grey Rivers.
Indigenous Australians have lived in the area for thousands of years. The first European to arrive in the area was Francis Thomas Gregory, who travelled through as part of his expedition in 1861. Pastoralists soon followed and established both sheep and cattle stations throughout the area displacing the Indigenous inhabitants but employing them as cheap labour leading to the 1946 Pilbara strike. The community was established as an offshoot of the Strelley Station, a pastoral lease that operated as a sheep station and later became a cattle station. An Indigenous group, the Nomads, which remained connected to Don McLeod until his death in 1999, acquired a number of pastoral leases including those at Coongan and Strelley in 1972. The Aboriginal community at Strelley had more than 800 residents until social problems caused by alcohol from the nearby town in Port Hedland led to the group's mass exodus from Strelley to other locations including Warralong. The pastoral leases continued to operate despite following brucellosis outbreak and were never abandoned or relinquished.
An alcohol ban was formally imposed on the community in 2013 following a spate of alcohol-induced violent incidents.
The community is located within the Nyamal native title determination.
A school was originally established at Strelley in 1976 and later one at a Warralong and another at Woodstock. Children of school age attend the Strelley Community School (Warralong campus and Strelley campus), which specialises in traditional languages and on-country learning. The school at Strelley was badly damaged by Cyclone George in 2007 and reopened in 2009. Woodstock campus was closed in 2008 due to a decline in students.
The school is the centre of community life and is actively combating many community problems through education, such as the littering issue.
The community is the subject of a Housing Management Agreement between the Western Australian Government Housing Authority and the owners of the Coongan Pastoral Lease. The community school at Warralong is operated by The Nomads Charitable & Educational Foundation, which was established by Don McLeod and Ray Butler in 1971. The Nomads group also operate a remote Aboriginal community school at Strelley; the school is the oldest continuously operational school of its type in Australia.
Warralong Layout Plan No.1 has been prepared in accordance with State Planning Policy 3.2 Aboriginal Settlements. Layout Plan No.1 was endorsed by the community on 1 March 2006 and the Western Australian Planning Commission on 31 October 2006.
- ^ a b "Warralong Community Layout Plan" (PDF). Taylor Burrell Barnett. 1 January 2006. Retrieved 11 April 2015.
- ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Warralong". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 7 January 2017.
- ^ "Project Locations". Eon Foundation Inc. Retrieved 12 April 2015.
- ^ "Booze ban issued for Warralong community in the Pilbara". Perth Now. 28 August 2013. Retrieved 11 April 2015.
- ^ "Strelley Community School". Aboriginal Independent Community Schools. 2009. Retrieved 11 April 2015.
- ^ "Reflections from my Immersion into an Indigenous Australian Community". Eve Cogan. 2018. Retrieved 22 July 2018.
- ^ "Layout plans". Department of Planning, Lands and Heritage. 20 February 2020. Retrieved 10 February 2021.