Wasdale Head

Coordinates: 54°27′58″N 3°15′00″W / 54.466°N 3.25°W / 54.466; -3.25
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Wasdale Head
Westmorland cairn Great Gable.jpg
View of Wasdale Head from the Westmorland cairn on Great Gable
Wasdale Head is located in the former Borough of Copeland
Wasdale Head
Wasdale Head
Location in Copeland Borough
Wasdale Head is located in Cumbria
Wasdale Head
Wasdale Head
Location within Cumbria
OS grid referenceNY189085
Civil parish
Shire county
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Postcode districtCA20
Dialling code019467
AmbulanceNorth West
UK Parliament
List of places
54°27′58″N 3°15′00″W / 54.466°N 3.25°W / 54.466; -3.25
St Olaf's Church, Wasdale Head
Wasdale Head Inn, famous as the centre of the birth of British rock climbing
Packhorse bridge behind the Inn

Wasdale Head (/ˈwɒzdl/; traditionally /ˈwɒsəl, ˈwɒʃdəl/)[1] is a scattered agricultural hamlet in the Lake District National Park in Cumbria, England. Wasdale Head claims to be home of the highest mountain (Scafell Pike), deepest lake (Wastwater), smallest church and biggest liar in England. The last of these claims refers to Will Ritson, who paradoxically proclaimed himself as such. In 1870-72 the township/chapelry had a population of 49.[2]


It is located at the head of the valley of Wasdale, and is surrounded by some of England's highest mountains: Scafell Pike, Sca Fell, Great Gable, Kirk Fell and Pillar.

Climbing and walking[edit]

The hamlet was the centre of the early years of British rock climbing. There is a famous climber's hotel here, the Wasdale Head Inn, made popular in the Victorian period by Walter Parry Haskett Smith, Owen Glynne Jones and many other pioneers.

Wasdale Head is a popular starting point for the ascent of Scafell Pike. On summer weekends, crowds of people can be found attempting this steep but straightforward walk. Today, it is the recognised starting point for the ascent of Scafell Pike as part of the National Three Peaks Challenge, a vehicle-supported walk of the highest peaks of England, Scotland and Wales.


In the hamlet is St Olaf's Church, which is claimed as being the smallest church in England.

The church has long been associated with British climbers. The south window has a small pane within it with an etching of Napes Needle on Great Gable, serving as a memorial to members of the Fell & Rock Climbing Club who lost their lives in the First World War.

Will Ritson[edit]

Will Ritson (1808–1890) [3] was a landlord of the Wastwater Hotel (now called the Wasdale Head Inn) in Wasdale, and he told grand fables. One, for example, was about a wounded eagle he found near the inn. He kept it in his chicken coop and nursed it back to health. One night the coop was raided by a bitch hound. The eagle was unscathed, but five months later the dog gave birth to a litter of winged hounds. The World's Biggest Liar competition is held annually in his memory.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Dickins, Bruce (1950). The Place-names of Cumberland. The University Press. p. 390.
  2. ^ "History of Wasdale Head, in Copeland and Cumberland". A Vision of Britain through Time. Retrieved 13 January 2022.
  3. ^ BBC retrieved 14 July 2018
  • Adam Nicolson and Nick Meers, Panoramas of England, 1997, London: Orion (p. 102)

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]