Copeland (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Copeland in Cumbria
Location of Cumbria within England
|Electorate||63,696 (December 2010)|
|Member of Parliament||Trudy Harrison (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
Copeland is a constituency in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament, created in 1983.[n 1][n 2] The constituency is represented in Parliament by Trudy Harrison, of the Conservatives, since a by-election in February 2017 and was retained at the snap 2017 general election four months later. The seat had been held by Labour candidates between 1983 and 2015.
Copeland is one of five Cumbria seats won (held or gained) by a Conservative candidate in 2019 out of a total of six covering the county. The bulk of this seat is in the Lake District, together with a large proportion of its population.
The sole forerunner to the constituency was the abolished constituency of Whitehaven. Copeland consistently returned Labour Party candidates since its creation in 1983 until the by-election of 23 February 2017, when Trudy Harrison gained it for the Conservatives. Prior to that (save for the landslide in 1931 when part of the parliamentary Labour Party remained in government with the Conservative Party under Ramsay MacDonald), the last Conservative elected for the area was in 1924.
The 2015 result gave the seat the 31st most marginal majority of Labour's 232 seats by percentage of majority.
Following the renaming of Whitehaven as Copeland, Jack Cunningham, who had previously been the member for Whitehaven, stood for and won the seat. Its boundaries remained unchanged, being coterminous with the local government district of Copeland.
Parliament accepted the Boundary Commission's Fifth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies by making changes to this constituency for the 2010 general election, namely the addition of the wards Crummock, Dalton, Derwent Valley and Keswick in the Allerdale District.
The four new wards thus extend the constituency beyond the district of Copeland. They include the town of Keswick, which has a larger electorate than the other three new and sparsely populated wards, despite their extensive area. The new wards are in the Lake District, like much of Copeland district. The inclusion of Keswick in the constituency was the main topic in public consultations regarding the changes.
Members of Parliament
|2017 by-election||Trudy Harrison||Conservative|
Elections in the 2010s
|Liberal Democrats||John Studholme||1,888||4.4||+1.2|
|Liberal Democrats||Rebecca Hanson||1,404||3.3||-0.2|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing||+5.3|
|Liberal Democrats||Rebecca Hanson||2,252||7.2||+3.8|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing||+6.7|
|Liberal Democrats||Danny Gallagher||1,368||3.5||−6.7|
|Liberal Democrats||Frank Hollowell||4,365||10.2||−3.7|
Elections in the 2000s
|Liberal Democrats||Frank Hollowell||3,880||11.5||+0.8|
|English Democrat||Alan Mossop||662||2.0||N/A|
|Liberal Democrats||Mark Gayler||3,732||10.7||+1.5|
Elections in the 1990s
|Liberal Democrats||Roger C. Putnam||3,814||9.2||+1.6|
|ProLife Alliance||Gerard Hanratty||389||0.9||N/A|
|Liberal Democrats||Roger Putnam||3,508||7.6||−1.5|
|Natural Law||James Sinton||148||0.3||N/A|
Elections in the 1980s
Notes and references
- "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- List of Labour MPs elected in 2015 by % majority UK Political.info. Retrieved 2017-01-29
- "2010 post-revision map non-metropolitan areas and unitary authorities of England" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-10-03. Retrieved 2017-02-24.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "C" (part 5)
- "Copeland parliamentary constituency - Election 2019". Retrieved 2019-12-16.
- "General election 2017: Full list of candidates". ITV News. 12 May 2017.
- Glaze, Ben (19 January 2017). "Labour unveils Gill Troughton as its candidate for the tricky Copeland by-election". The Daily Mirror. Retrieved 24 January 2017.
- "Local NHS worker selected as UKIP candidate for the Copeland by-election". ukip.org. 20 January 2017. Retrieved 24 January 2017.
- "Green Party announces anti-nuclear Copeland by-election candidate". Green Party. 24 January 2017. Retrieved 24 January 2017.
- "Copeland by-election: Candidates list". BBC News. 30 January 2017. Retrieved 31 January 2017.
- "Statement of Persons Nominated" (PDF). Copeland Council. Retrieved 31 January 2017.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Copeland". BBC News. Retrieved 11 May 2015.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- Copeland, BBC News
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "UK General Election results April 1992". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 2010-12-06.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.