Washington Township, Warren County, Indiana

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Washington Township
Township
Location of Washington Township in Warren County
Location of Washington Township in Warren County
Location of Indiana in the United States
Location of Indiana in the United States
Coordinates: 40°16′36″N 87°19′41″W / 40.27667°N 87.32806°W / 40.27667; -87.32806Coordinates: 40°16′36″N 87°19′41″W / 40.27667°N 87.32806°W / 40.27667; -87.32806
Country United States
State Indiana
County Warren
Government
 • Type Indiana township
Area
 • Total 19.51 sq mi (50.5 km2)
 • Land 19.12 sq mi (49.5 km2)
 • Water 0.38 sq mi (1.0 km2)  1.95%
Elevation[1] 669 ft (204 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 2,298
 • Density 120.2/sq mi (46.4/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Area code(s) 765
GNIS feature ID 454022

Washington Township is one of twelve townships in Warren County, Indiana, United States. It is the most populous township in the county; according to the 2010 census, its population was 2,298, with 1,898 of those living in Williamsport, and it contained 1,011 housing units. It has the highest population density of the Warren County townships at about 120 inhabitants per square mile (46/km2).[2]

History[edit]

The area that became Washington Township was first settled in 1827.[3] Originally, the county was divided into four townships when it was formed in 1827; Washington Township was created a few years later in March 1830.[4]

Geography[edit]

According to the 2010 census, the township has a total area of 19.51 square miles (50.5 km2), of which 19.12 square miles (49.5 km2) (or 98.00%) is land and 0.38 square miles (0.98 km2) (or 1.95%) is water.[2] The Wabash River defines the township's southeastern border. Big Pine Creek flows through the far northeastern corner of the township on its way to the Wabash River.[5] The streams of Clear Branch, Dry Branch, Fall Branch and Rock Creek also run through this township.

The county seat of Williamsport is in the east part of the township, near the river. Williamsport Falls, the highest waterfall in the State of Indiana, is in downtown Williamsport; the stream of Fall Creek flows through the town and falls 90 feet (27 m) over a sandstone ledge.[6]

Map of Washington Township
1877 map of Washington Township

Cemeteries[edit]

The township contains these four cemeteries: Highland,[7] Hillside,[8] Owens[9] and Robb.[10]

Transportation[edit]

Indiana State Road 28 passes through the township from east to west. Coming from the Illinois state line and West Lebanon, it goes directly east, then veers to the northeast and goes through Williamsport, then crosses the river and passes east through Attica in Fountain County.[11] U.S. Route 41 and State Road 55 pass through the northeastern corner of the township and briefly share the route of State Road 28.[12][13]

A Norfolk Southern Railway line passes through the township from east to west, leaving the township when it also crosses the river. For much of its route through the township, it parallels State Road 28, running just south of the highway.[14]

Education[edit]

Washington Township is part of the Metropolitan School District of Warren County. It contains one of the three elementary schools in the county, located in Williamsport.[15]

Washington Township is served by the Williamsport-Washington Township Public Library.[16]

Government[edit]

Washington Township has a trustee who administers rural fire protection and ambulance service, provides relief to the poor, manages cemetery care, and performs farm assessment, among other duties. The trustee is assisted in these duties by a three-member township board. The trustees and board members are elected to four-year terms.[17]

Washington Township is part of Indiana's 8th congressional district, Indiana House of Representatives District 42,[18] and Indiana State Senate District 23.[19]

Climate and weather[edit]

Williamsport, Indiana
Climate chart (explanation)
JFMAMJJASOND
 
 
1.7
 
 
30
13
 
 
1.6
 
 
35
17
 
 
3.2
 
 
47
27
 
 
3.6
 
 
60
38
 
 
4.2
 
 
72
49
 
 
4.5
 
 
81
59
 
 
3.7
 
 
84
62
 
 
3
 
 
82
59
 
 
2.6
 
 
77
51
 
 
3
 
 
64
39
 
 
3
 
 
48
30
 
 
2.5
 
 
35
19
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[20]

In recent years, average temperatures in Williamsport have ranged from a low of 13 °F (−11 °C) in January to a high of 84 °F (29 °C) in July, with a record low of −24 °F (−31 °C) recorded in January 1999 and a record high of 99 °F (37 °C) in July 1995. Average monthly precipitation ranges from 1.59 inches (40 mm) in February to 4.50 inches (114 mm) in June.[20]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved 2017-05-09. 
  2. ^ a b "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County -- County Subdivision and Place -- 2010 Census Summary File 1". United States Census. Retrieved 2013-05-10. 
  3. ^ Clifton 1913, p. 325.
  4. ^ Warren County Historical Society 1966, p. 130.
  5. ^ "Big Pine Creek". Indiana Department of Natural Resources. Retrieved 2010-10-30. 
  6. ^ "Williamsport Falls". Purdue University Cooperative Extension Service. Retrieved 2010-08-28. 
  7. ^ "Highland Cemetery". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  8. ^ "Hillside Cemetery". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  9. ^ "Owens Cemetery". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  10. ^ "Robb Cemetery". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  11. ^ "State Road 28". Highway Explorer. Retrieved 2010-09-21. 
  12. ^ "State Road 55". Highway Explorer. Retrieved 2010-09-21. 
  13. ^ "U.S. Route 41". Highway Explorer. Retrieved 2010-09-21. 
  14. ^ "State of Indiana 2012 Rail System Map" (PDF). Indiana Department of Transportation. 2012. Retrieved 2013-12-02. 
  15. ^ "Corporation Snapshot, M S D Warren County #8115". Indiana Department of Education. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  16. ^ "Indiana public library directory" (PDF). Indiana State Library. Retrieved 15 March 2018. 
  17. ^ "Government". United Township Association of Indiana. Retrieved 2011-01-06. 
  18. ^ "Indiana Senate" (PDF). State of Indiana. Retrieved 2013-12-02. 
  19. ^ "Indiana House Districts" (PDF). State of Indiana. Retrieved 2013-12-02. 
  20. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Williamsport, Indiana". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Goodspeed, Weston A. (1883). "Part II. History of Warren County". Counties of Warren, Benton, Jasper and Newton, Indiana. Chicago: F. A. Battey and Company. pp. 31–156. Retrieved 2010-09-19. 
  • Clifton, Thomas, ed. (1913). Past and Present of Fountain and Warren Counties Indiana. Indianapolis: B. F. Bowen and Company. pp. 201–335. Retrieved 2010-09-19. 
  • Warren County Historical Society (1966). A History of Warren County, Indiana. Williamsport, Indiana. 
  • Warren County Historical Society (2002). A History of Warren County, Indiana (175th Anniversary Edition). Williamsport, Indiana. 

External links[edit]