Wellsford

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Wellsford
Whakapirau (Māori)
Main St in Wellsford
Main St in Wellsford
Coordinates: 36°17′45″S 174°31′24″E / 36.29583°S 174.52333°E / -36.29583; 174.52333Coordinates: 36°17′45″S 174°31′24″E / 36.29583°S 174.52333°E / -36.29583; 174.52333
CountryNew Zealand
RegionAuckland
WardRodney ward
Community boardRodney Local Board
Government
 • Territorial AuthorityAuckland Council
Area
 • Total4.55 km2 (1.76 sq mi)
Population
 (June 2022)[2]
 • Total2,250
 • Density490/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
Postcode(s)
0900, 0977, 0975, 0972, 0974, 0973

Wellsford (Māori: Whakapirau) is a town on the Northland Peninsula in the northern North Island of New Zealand. It is the northernmost major settlement in the Auckland Region, and is 77 kilometres northwest of the Auckland CBD.

Wellsford is close to a narrowing of the Northland Peninsula caused by an arm of the Kaipara Harbour on the west coast extending inland for 20 kilometres from the body of the harbour, stretching to within 15 kilometres of the east (Pacific Ocean) coast.

It is a major regional centre, being located at the junction of State Highways 1 and 16, almost halfway between Auckland and the Northland city of Whangārei. It is on the North Auckland Line railway, which has been goods-only since the last regular passenger service ceased in 1975. It is the rural service town for the local areas of Tauhoa, Tapora, Wharehine, Port Albert, Te Hana, Tomarata, Te Arai, Whangaripo and Pakiri.

The local Ōruawharo Marae is a traditional meeting ground for Te Uri o Hau and the Ngāti Whātua hapū of Ngāti Mauku and Ngāti Tahuhu.[3] It includes the Rangimārie meeting house.[4]

Albertland Heritage Museum is located in Wellsford.[5][6] It opened in its modern form in 1990.[7]

Wellsford railway station on the North Auckland Line in 2018 with logs waiting to be loaded onto a train.

History[edit]

In the early 1860s English settlers arrived, establishing themselves at Port Albert, on the Kaipara Coast about 10 kilometres west of Wellsford. These settlers called themselves the Albertlanders, after Prince Albert, Queen Victoria's consort. They were a "breakaway group from the Anglican Church looking for a new world".[8] However, not many of the settlers arrived at Port Albert and the ones who did found it difficult to make a living. The majority of the Albertlanders moved inland, to more fertile areas in the region. As a result, Wellsford was founded.[9]

According to local tradition, the name Wellsford is an acronym based on the surnames of the first families who settled in the region. The names were Watson, Edger, Lester, Levet, Simpson, Foster, Oldfield, Ramsbottom and Dibble.[9]

Wellsford was part of the Rodney District during its existence from 1989 to 2010.

Demographics[edit]

Wellsford is described by Statistics New Zealand as a small urban area. It covers 4.55 km2 (1.76 sq mi)[1] and had an estimated population of 2,250 as of June 2022,[2] with a population density of 495 people per km2.

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
20061,671—    
20131,713+0.36%
20181,929+2.40%
Source: [10]

Wellsford had a population of 1,929 at the 2018 New Zealand census, an increase of 216 people (12.6%) since the 2013 census, and an increase of 258 people (15.4%) since the 2006 census. There were 654 households, comprising 984 males and 948 females, giving a sex ratio of 1.04 males per female. The median age was 34.4 years (compared with 37.4 years nationally), with 447 people (23.2%) aged under 15 years, 384 (19.9%) aged 15 to 29, 777 (40.3%) aged 30 to 64, and 327 (17.0%) aged 65 or older.

Ethnicities were 79.5% European/Pākehā, 24.4% Māori, 5.3% Pacific peoples, 6.1% Asian, and 1.7% other ethnicities. People may identify with more than one ethnicity.

The percentage of people born overseas was 17.3, compared with 27.1% nationally.

Although some people chose not to answer the census's question about religious affiliation, 50.4% had no religion, 36.5% were Christian, 3.0% had Māori religious beliefs, 1.1% were Hindu, 0.2% were Muslim, 0.8% were Buddhist and 1.4% had other religions.

Of those at least 15 years old, 135 (9.1%) people had a bachelor's or higher degree, and 381 (25.7%) people had no formal qualifications. The median income was $25,400, compared with $31,800 nationally. 138 people (9.3%) earned over $70,000 compared to 17.2% nationally. The employment status of those at least 15 was that 681 (46.0%) people were employed full-time, 213 (14.4%) were part-time, and 66 (4.5%) were unemployed.[10]

Education[edit]

Rodney College is a secondary (years 9-13) school with a roll of 330 students.[11] Wellsford School is a full primary (years 1–8) school with a roll of 419 students.[12] Rodney College's Board of Trustees was dismissed in August 2008 and a Ministry of Education commissioner appointed.[13] By 2016, the college was performing well.[14]

Living Way Christian School closed at the end of 2018 due to falling rolls.[15]

Wellsford, Tauhoa, Pakiri, Tapora, Tomarata and Mangawhai Primary Schools all cater for students from year 1–8, and collectively contribute to the annual in take of roughly 80 year 9 students at Rodney College.

All the schools are coeducational. Rolls are as of November 2022.[16]

Sport[edit]

Being a rural town, sport plays a big part in Wellsford's day-to-day life with rugby, soccer, netball, cricket, tennis and athletics being amongst the more popular sports played. The Wellsford Golf Club is popular among the locals and also houses squash courts. Rollerskating, archery and bowling, (indoors and outdoors) are also available, while equestrian is also popular in the area.[17]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "ArcGIS Web Application". statsnz.maps.arcgis.com. Retrieved 13 May 2022.
  2. ^ a b "Subnational population estimates (RC, SA2), by age and sex, at 30 June 1996-2022 (2022 boundaries)". Statistics New Zealand. Retrieved 25 October 2022. (regional councils); "Subnational population estimates (TA, SA2), by age and sex, at 30 June 1996-2022 (2022 boundaries)". Statistics New Zealand. Retrieved 25 October 2022. (territorial authorities); "Subnational population estimates (urban rural), by age and sex, at 30 June 1996-2022 (2022 boundaries)". Statistics New Zealand. Retrieved 25 October 2022. (urban areas)
  3. ^ "Te Kāhui Māngai directory". tkm.govt.nz. Te Puni Kōkiri.
  4. ^ "Māori Maps". maorimaps.com. Te Potiki National Trust.
  5. ^ "Albertland Heritage Museum". Albertland Heritage Museum.
  6. ^ "Albertland Heritage Museum". nzmuseums.co.nz. Te Papa.
  7. ^ Johnston, Lyn (12 May 2021). "History – A museum takes shape". Local Matters.
  8. ^ Taylor, Phil (14 October 2006). "How not to rob a bank, paragraph 5". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 19 March 2008.
  9. ^ a b McClure, Margaret (13 July 2012). "Auckland places - Kaipara Harbour and kauri towns". Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand. Retrieved 16 March 2013.
  10. ^ a b "Statistical area 1 dataset for 2018 Census". Statistics New Zealand. March 2020. Wellsford (110500). 2018 Census place summary: Wellsford
  11. ^ Education Counts: Rodney College
  12. ^ Education Counts: Wellsford School
  13. ^ "Commissioner for Rodney College". Rodney Times. 23 September 2008. Retrieved 2 December 2011.
  14. ^ "Rodney College - 16/06/2016". Education Review Office. 16 June 2016.
  15. ^ "Falling roll forces Living Way to close". Localmatters. 15 October 2018.
  16. ^ "New Zealand Schools Directory". New Zealand Ministry of Education. Retrieved 12 December 2022.
  17. ^ Sports groups and clubs. Retrieved 16 March 2013.

External links[edit]