Wendens Ambo

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Wendens Ambo
Wendens Ambo is located in Essex
Wendens Ambo
Wendens Ambo
Location within Essex
Population473 (2011)
OS grid referenceTL513363
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townSAFFRON WALDEN
Postcode districtCB11
Dialling code01799
PoliceEssex
FireEssex
AmbulanceEast of England
EU ParliamentEast of England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Essex
52°00′18″N 0°12′14″E / 52.005°N 0.204°E / 52.005; 0.204Coordinates: 52°00′18″N 0°12′14″E / 52.005°N 0.204°E / 52.005; 0.204

Wendens Ambo is a village in the Uttlesford district of Essex, England. The population at the 2011 census was measured at 473.[1] Its unusual name, ambo being the Latin for "both", originates from the merging of two originally separate villages called Wenden Magna (or Great Wenden) and Wenden Parva (or Little Wenden).

Situation[edit]

Wendens Ambo is approximately two miles south-west of the market town of Saffron Walden, fifteen miles south of Cambridge and forty miles north of London.

Within the village is Audley End railway station which is the main station for Audley End House and Saffron Walden.

History[edit]

The earliest signs of settlement are from the Roman period. Remains of a villa were found during an excavation in 1853, and finds of flint tools from 300–200 BC suggest an even earlier settlement.

It is likely that the farming community of Wenden probably started around the 6th and 7th centuries, taking its name from the valley in which it lies: Wendene. The Domesday Book contains the first written account of Wenden Magna and Wenden Parva. Wenden Magna was owned by Robert Gernon, a Frenchman who also had land in Stansted and Takeley. Wenden Parva was also owned by a Frenchman, William de Warenne. The Wendens passed through the Middle Ages as very ordinary English villages, with their parish church of St Mary the Virgin located in Wenden Magna. A third Wenden, higher up the valley to the west is Wenden Lofts (probably the "Loutes Wenden" mentioned in a legal record of 1470, where the nearby villages of "Arkysden" & "Elmedon" are also mentioned.)[2]

During the 17th century work began to rebuild the village dwellings, some of which are still occupied today. Also at this time, on 23 March 1662, Wenden Magna and Wenden Parva were joined to create Wendens Ambo.

The 18th and 19th centuries brought the Industrial Revolution and also the railway, providing opportunities for work elsewhere, leading to Wenden eventually becoming a commuter village.

See also[edit]

The Hundred Parishes

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Parish population 2011". Retrieved 26 September 2015.
  2. ^ Plea Rolls of the Court of Common Pleas; National Archives; CP 40/837; http://aalt.law.uh.edu/AALT2/E4/CP40no837/bCP40no837dorses/IMG_0578.htm; sixth entry with John Serle as plaintiff

External links[edit]