James Wesley Pruden, Jr.
|Alma mater||University of Arkansas at Little Rock|
|Occupation||Journalist with The Washington Times|
Pruden was born in 1935 in Little Rock, Arkansas, his family having lived in the state for several generations. His father, James Wesley Pruden, Sr. (1908-1979), was a Southern Baptist minister, the pastor of the Grace Baptist Church, and a radio evangelist. Some of his sermon titles are "Why I Became a Baptist After Preaching for the Nazarenes for Ten Years", "Why Every Baptist Should Get Drunk Once", and "Who's in Hell". The senior Pruden was also the president of the Little Rock chapter of the White Citizens' Council, a segregationist group that battled integration throughout the 1950s and 1960s.
Pruden's first job in the newspaper business was in 1951 when, as a tenth grade student at Little Rock Central High School, he worked nights as a copyboy at the since defunct Arkansas Gazette, where he later became a sportswriter and an assistant state editor. After high school, he attended a two-year college, Little Rock Junior College, now incorporated into the University of Arkansas at Little Rock.
In 1956, he began working at the Commercial Appeal in Memphis, Tennessee. In 1963, he joined the National Observer, a national weekly published by Dow Jones & Co., for which he covered national politics and the civil rights movement. In 1965, he was assigned to cover the Vietnam War. For the next decade, he was a foreign correspondent, based in Saigon, Hong Kong, Beirut, and London. The National Observer ceased publication in 1977.
Between 1976 and 1982, Pruden worked on a novel, a satire for which he could not find a publisher. In 1982, he joined the Washington Times, four months after the paper began, as chief political correspondent. He became assistant managing editor in 1983, managing editor in 1985, and editor-in-chief in 1992. He retired in January 2008, and became editor-in-chief-emeritus. He still writes a twice-weekly column on politics and national affairs for The Times.
Pruden is known for his coverage of President Ronald Reagan about whom he wrote:
When Ronald Reagan speaks, the people never hear the politician saying, "blah blah blah." They hear a man who talks like they do, saying things that sound like common sense. Such is the essence of the "Reagan mystique," the aura of power that has carried the nation along with the man who is arguably the most effective president since Franklin D. Roosevelt.
Under Pruden's editorship, every Saturday The Washington Times ran a full page of stories on the American Civil War, the only daily newspaper in the United States to do so. Pruden called it "probably our single most popular feature", and noted that "There are more books published on the Civil War than on any other American topic." Pruden said that "the Civil War page has just as many stories about glorifying the Union as it does the Confederacy." Soon after Pruden retired as editor-in-chief, the Times announced that the Civil War page would be expanded to include coverage of all America's wars and would be renamed "America at War."
Pruden's retirement from his position as Editor-in-Chief of The Washington Times in 2008 was widely seen as involuntary. The Columbia Journalism Review describes him as having been "pushed out amid allegations that he allowed racism to fester in the newsroom."
On November 17, 2009, Pruden published an opinion piece in The Washington Times titled "Obama bows, the nation cringes," where he set forth his thoughts on what he considered President Obama's breaches of etiquette committed on his tour of Asia, such as bowing to Emperor Akihito of Japan. In the article, he expressed the opinion that since President Obama was "sired by a Kenyan father, born to a mother attracted to men of the Third World and reared by grandparents in Hawaii," he "has no natural instinct or blood impulse for what [America] is about." A number of commentators criticized the column as racist.
In 2013, Pruden returned to The Washington Times as part of "a wide-ranging shakeup" following the death of Reverend Sun Myung Moon, the newspaper's founder. Having him as an editor again was viewed by many as damaging to The Washington Times's reputation. The Columbia Journalism Review quoted an unnamed senior Washington Times official as saying, Pruden's return is "a huge blow to the influence and credibility of the paper."
- "Wesley J. Pruden". usa-peoplesearch.com. Retrieved November 7, 2013.
- Beth Roy (1 October 1999). Bitters in the Honey: Tails of Hope and Disappointment Across Divides of Race and Time. University of Arkansas Press. pp. 19–20. ISBN 978-1-55728-554-6. Retrieved 1 January 2013.
- "Dr. Wesley Prudent Will Lead Revival at Local Church", Minden Herald, Minden, Louisiana, June 1, 1951, p. 1
- "James Wesley Pruden (1908–1979)" by Terry D. Goddard, The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History and Culture, accessed January 1, 2012.
- Bill Clinton (22 June 2004). My Life. Random House Digital, Inc. pp. 917–918. ISBN 978-0-375-41457-2. Retrieved 1 January 2013.
- Morton, John (December 2002). "Great While It Lasted". American Journalism Review.
- Menckeniana. Spring 1992. No. 121.
- "The Washington Times Pushes Extremist, Neo-Confederate Ideas" by Heidi Beirich and Bob Moser, Intelligence Report, Summer 2003, Issue Number: 110, Southern Poverty Law Center. Note: Other newspapers, particularly in the South, ran the weekly feature, "This Was the Civil War", between 1961 and 1965 to commemorate the centennial of the conflict.
- Announcement Washington Times, 2008-05-31
- The Washington Times takes a giant step—backwards by Mariah Blake, Columbia Journalism Review, 2013-02-11
- Obama bows, the nation cringes Washington Times, 2009-11-17
- Political Animal column by Steve Brenan, Washington Monthly, Dec. 17, 2009.
- "Pruden: Obama lacks "blood impulse" for what America "is about" due to "Kenyan father," "mother attracted to men of the Third World" Media Matters for American, Nov. 16, 2009.