Whisk Broom II

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Whisk Broom II
WhiskBroomII.jpg
Whisk Broom II
Sire Broomstick
Grandsire Ben Brush
Dam Audience
Damsire Sir Dixon
Sex Stallion
Foaled 1907
Country United States
Colour Chestnut
Breeder Senorita Stud Farm
Owner Harry Payne Whitney
Trainer A. Jack Joyner (UK)
James G. Rowe, Sr. (USA)
Record 26:10-7-1
Earnings $37,931
Major wins
Select Stakes (1910)
Trial Stakes (1910)
Victoria Cup Handicap (1912)
Metropolitan Handicap (1913)
Brooklyn Handicap (1913)
Suburban Handicap (1913)
Awards
1st New York Handicap Triple Crown Champion (1913)
Retrospective U.S. Champion Older Male Horse (1913)
Retrospective United States Horse of the Year (1913)
Honours
United States Racing Hall of Fame (1979)

Whisk Broom II (1907–1928) was an American-bred Thoroughbred racehorse who raced in the United Kingdom (under the name Whisk Broom) and in the United States. Whisk Broom showed high class form during four seasons of racing in Europe, but produced his best performances when returning to America in 1913. He claimed the New York Handicap Triple by winning the Metropolitan Handicap, the Brooklyn Handicap, and the Suburban Handicap, a feat unmatched until Tom Fool achieved it forty years later. Kelso in 1961 and Fit To Fight in 1984 later joined them as the only other horses to win the Handicap Triple. Whisk Broom II's career was ended by injury after his triple success, but he went on to become a successful breeding stallion.

Background[edit]

A grandson of Ben Brush, Whisk Broom II was sired by the U.S. Hall of Fame stallion Broomstick. He was bred in 1907 by the late Sam S. Brown's Senorita Stud Farm (now the site of the Kentucky Horse Park). In 1908 New York State passed the Hart-Agnew Law, which made betting on horse racing illegal, and led to the closure of many racetracks. Several prominent owners moved the bulk of their operations overseas, with Europe being a popular destination. Harry Payne Whitney, who had purchased Whisk Broom, sent the colt to England to be trained by the American Jack Joyner.[1]

Racing career[edit]

Britain[edit]

Whisk Broom was one of the best British-trained two-year-old of 1909. On his second start he earned his first win in the Prince of Wales Plate at York Racecourse, but he showed his best form in autumn at Newmarket, when he finished second to the future Epsom Derby winner Lemberg in two of the season's most important tests for juveniles, the Middle Park Stakes and the Dewhurst Stakes. In the former race he finished a neck behind the future English champion after running "very tenaciously".[2] At the end of the year, he was rated the equal third-best two-year-old colt in England behind Neil Gow and Lemberg.[3]

The following spring, Whisk Broom finished second to Neil Gow in the Craven Stakes and then ran third to Neil Gow and Lemberg in the Classic 2000 Guineas. Later that year he won the Trial Stakes at Royal Ascot. In four years of English racing, Whisk Broom won seven of his twenty-three races, his most important subsequent victory coming in the 1912 Victoria Cup Handicap.

United States of America[edit]

At age six, he was brought back to race in the United States where the "II" suffix was added to his name to distinguish him from an American racehorse (a mare foaled in 1905) already named Whisk Broom.[4] Under trainer James G. Rowe, Sr. Whisk Broom II became the first of only four horses to win the three races that compose the New York Handicap Triple Crown Series. In his American campaign he was ridden by Joe Notter.[5]

Racing in New York State had been severely restricted by the Hart-Agnew Law but in 1913 the sport returned, and the first major event was the Metropolitan Handicap at Belmont Park on May 30. The race was Whisk Broom II's first start in the country of his birth and saw him racing on dirt for the first time. The race attracted a crowd of 25,000 and despite the fact that betting on races was still technically banned there were reports of many "oral wagers" being made. Whisk Broom was left at the start but soon recovered to take the lead entering the straight and won by a length from G. M. Miller and Meridian in a time of 1:39.00.[6]

Having carried 120 pounds in the Metropolitan, Whisk Broom II carried 130 pounds to victory in the Brooklyn Handicap and was then assigned 139 pounds for the Suburban Handicap.[7] In the Suburban on June 28 Whisk Broom II was officially clocked at 2:00 minutes flat for the one and one quarter mile race. This was almost three seconds faster than the record set by his own sire. There was some sceptcism of the time,[8] as no other clocker's figures matched that of the official clock, but even at the slowest estimate, however, he had beaten the American record for the distance. Following this win, Whisk Broom was described in the press as "the most talked of horse in America."[9] A month after his win in the Suburban it was reported that Whisk Broom had gone "badly lame"[10] and would be unlikely to run again in 1913: in fact he never raced again and was retired to stud.

Stud record[edit]

Retired to stand at stud, Whisk Broom II sired 26 winners of what now would be a considered a graded stakes race, including Kentucky Derby winner Whiskery, Preakness Stakes winner Victorian, and the 1922 U.S. Champion Colt, Whiskaway, As well, Whisk Broom II was the damsire of Seabiscuit and Double Jay.[11]

Whisk Broom II died in May 1928 and was interred at the Whitney Farm at Lexington, Kentucky.[12]

Honors[edit]

Whisk Broom's performances have seen him being retrospectively described as the U.S. Champion Older Male Horse and United States Horse of the Year for 1913,[13] but no formal voting or awards took place at the time.

In 1979, Whisk Broom II was inducted in the National Museum of Racing and Hall of Fame.[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Whisk Broom Horse Pedigree". Pedigreequery.com. Retrieved 2012-04-24. 
  2. ^ "SPORT AND PASTIME". Evening Post. 1909-12-18. Retrieved 2012-04-24. 
  3. ^ "SPORTING". Star (Canterbury, New Zealand. 7 December 1909. Retrieved 2012-10-19. 
  4. ^ "Whisk Broom Horse Pedigree". Pedigreequery.com. Retrieved 2012-04-24. 
  5. ^ "Joe Notter". National Museum of Racing. Retrieved 2012-04-25. 
  6. ^ "Whitney's Whisk Broom wins Metropolitan". Youngstown Vindicator. May 31, 1913. Retrieved 2012-04-24. 
  7. ^ Edward L. Bowen (2003-11-25). Legacies of the Turf: A Century of Great Thoroughbred Breeders. Blood-horse Publications. Retrieved 2012-04-24. 
  8. ^ Richard Stone Reeves, Edward L Bowen (2005). Belmont Park: A Century Of Champions. Blood-horse Publications. Retrieved 2012-04-25. 
  9. ^ ""Whisk Broom" is the honored horse". Telegraph-Herald. June 29, 1913. Retrieved 2012-04-24. 
  10. ^ "Racing Revival on Saratoga Track". Newburgh Journal. August 2, 1913. Retrieved 2012-04-24. 
  11. ^ "All Progeny for Whisk Broom - IDSHS(AUS) Online Stud Book". IDSHS. Retrieved 2012-04-25. 
  12. ^ "Grave Matters C.V. Whitney Farm". Tbheritage.com. Retrieved 2012-04-25. 
  13. ^ "American Horse of the Year". Tbheritage.com. Retrieved 2012-04-25. 
  14. ^ "National Museum of Racing, Hall of Fame, Thoroughbred Horses". Racingmuseum.org. Retrieved 2012-04-24.